Sherman County eNews #45


  1. Sherman High School Basketball on Saturday, Feb. 24

  2. The Humanities

  3. Sherman County Cultural Coalition 2018 Spring Grant Cycle

  4. Sherman County Photography Club Meeting, Feb. 26

  5. Relationships and Rules and Parenting

  6. Oregon Historical Society’s 2018 Oregon History Makers Medal Awards

  7. Sherman County Senior & Community Center March Meal Menu

  8. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

1. Sherman High School Basketball on Saturday, Feb. 24

Come cheer on the Sherman Varsity Boys as they compete against Grand View Christian Academy in the Second Round Playoffs this Saturday, February 24, 2018, here at the Sherman County School Event Center starting at 4:00.

Admission is $6 for Adults and $4 for Students


— Audrey Rooney, Registrar 

Sherman High School 

2. The Humanities

“The term ‘humanities’ includes, but is not limited to, the study and interpretation of the following: language, both modern and classical; linguistics; literature; history; jurisprudence; philosophy; archaeology; comparative religion; ethics; the history, criticism and theory of the arts; those aspects of social sciences which have humanistic content and employ humanistic methods; and the study and application of the humanities to the human environment with particular attention to reflecting our diverse heritage, traditions, and history and to the relevance of the humanities to the current conditions of national life.” –National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act, 1965, as amended

See Sherman County Cultural Coalition Grant Application Notice and

3. Sherman County Cultural Coalition 2018 Spring Grant Cycle

The Sherman County Cultural Coalition will begin accepting grant applications March 1, 2018, for the 2018 Spring Grant Cycle. Applicants may be individuals and/or groups and need not be legally recognized non-profits.

Application Deadline: March 30, 2018

Awards up to $1,500 will be granted in support of local Sherman County activities and events which promote Culture, Humanities, Heritage and the Arts in Sherman County.

Additional information including Grant Guidelines and the application form, may be found at:

Completed grant applications may be mailed to:

Sherman County Cultural Coalition

P.O. Box 23

Moro, OR 97039

Or emailed to:


Contact Melva Thomas at 541-442-5488 or

4. Sherman County Photography Club Meeting, Feb. 26

camera.35mm.blueThe Sherman County Photography Club meets this Monday, February 26, 6pm at the Steve Burnett Extension and Research Building in Moro. Come view the February photo challenge “Dogs…Happy Chinese New Year”.

Kathy Thompson will share her exciting experience participating Dogwood Photography Project 52.

Everyone is welcome to attend and refreshments will be served.

5. Relationships and Rules and Parenting

If you are a parent or grandparent, you know there are plenty of rules for raising kids. Today, let’s consider why ignoring these rules can sometimes be a good idea.

Some years ago, in his book, How to Parent, Dr. Fitzhugh Dodson said that, “Raising a child is a human relationship, and human relationships cannot be reduced to a set of rules.” There is an inherent truth in that statement.

Rules are only guidelines, and both you and your child are unique. Each of you is a product of a special combination of genes and environment that has never existed before. What’s more, you have a special relationship with each of your children that is different from the relationship of any other two people on this planet.

Try to avoid the mistake of trying to fit this relationship into any preconceived idea of what it is “supposed to be” like. Refrain from dogmatically following a set of rules, even when the rules are written by a so-called “expert.” (Remember, expertise does not mean “perfection.”) And, refrain from trying to force your child to conform to someone else’s idea of what she or he should be.

The most important thing you can do for your children or grandchildren is to offer them stability, guidance and support while they explore, and learn to realize, the unique potential self which is unfolding within them.

You can reinforce their efforts to achieve worthwhile goals. You can set reasonable limits. You can remain flexible. But most of all, you can make sure they know that you recognize them and respect them for the goodness that resides within each of them. ~The Pacific Institute

6. Oregon Historical Society’s 2018 Oregon History Makers Medal Awards

Portland, OR — The Oregon Historical Society is pleased to announce the 2018 recipients of the Oregon History Makers Medal. First awarded in 2009, the History Makers Medal is regarded as one of Oregon’s most prestigious honors and is presented annually by OHS to individuals and organizations that are positively shaping the history, culture, and landscape of Oregon.

The 2018 Oregon History Makers Medal recipients are:

Stacy Allison: Adventurer, author, & businesswoman:  On September 29, 1988, after twenty-nine days on the mountain, Stacy Allison became the first American woman to summit the 29,028-foot Mt. Everest. Stacy has also reached the top of Mt. Denali, the highest point in North America, and was part of the first successful women’s ascent of Ama Dablam, the 22,495-foot peak known as Nepal’s Matterhorn. The author of Beyond the Limits: A Women’s Triumph on Everest and Many Mountains to Climb: Reflections on Competence, Courage and Commitment, Stacy is also a much sought-after motivational speaker. A dedicated volunteer to the American Lung Association, Habitat for Humanity, and Medical Teams International, Stacy is also owner and operator of Stacy Allison General Contracting.

Edward “Ed” Ray: Transformational higher education leader: President of Oregon State University since 2003, Edward “Ed” Ray is widely regarded as the most transformational leader in the school’s 150 year history. Under his guidance, OSU has received record levels of research awards and contracts; enrolled the highest number of students in the school’s history; launched a successful $1.14 billion fundraising campaign, which included nearly $189 million for scholarships and fellowships, 79 newly endowed faculty positions, and funding for key scientific and learning facilities; expanded dual-enrollment agreements to all seventeen of Oregon’s community colleges, and opened and grew the OSU-Cascades campus in Bend.

Bill Stoller: Visionary business leader & philanthropist: Raised on a family farm outside of Dayton, Oregon, Bill Stoller is perhaps best known as the founder and owner of the winery that bears his name. He is the co-founder of Express Employment Professionals, currently the largest privately held staffing company in the world, with more than 800 offices in three countries, as well as the founder of Xenium, a human resources and employer services outsource company. As an ardent preservationist, Bill’s drive for sustainability earned Stoller Winery the first-ever LEED Gold certification in the world.

Bob’s Red Mill: Revolutionizing the food industry: Founded in 1978 by Bob and Charlee Moore, Bob’s Red Mill is known worldwide as the producer of natural, certified organic and gluten-free milled grain products. Bob celebrated his 81st birthday in 2010 by transferring ownership of his company to his employees through an employee stock ownership plan. Bob and Charlee’s passion for healthy foods and clean living led them to donate tens of millions of dollars to Oregon State University, Oregon Health & Science University, and the National University of Natural Medicine to fund projects and research promoting healthy diets.

“In this tenth anniversary year of the History Makers Dinner, we are pleased to honor three individuals and one iconic Oregon business that exemplify what it means to be an ‘Oregon History Maker’,” said OHS Executive Director Kerry Tymchuk.

The Oregon History Makers Medals will be presented at a dinner at the historic Montgomery Park building in Portland on Sunday, October 7, 2018. Table sponsorships and individual tickets are available; for more information, please contact Alexis Borges-Silva at 503.306.5266 or

7. Sherman County Senior & Community Center March Meal Menu

Sherman County Senior & Community Center

Meal Menu

March 2018

We serve lunch at 12:00, noon sharp.  First come, first served.

If you have a group of 2 or more, please let the Kitchen staff know at  541-565-3191 the day before to ensure that we make enough food to serve!

MEAL PRICING: Under 60 Yrs. Is $7.00 ~ 60 Yrs. & Up $4.00 suggested donation!

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
  1 2
Chicken Thighs w/stuffing Clam Chowder
Veggies & salad Cottage Cheese & rolls
Fruit Veggies, salad & dessert
5 6 7 8 9
Chicken ala King Oven Fried Chicken Beef Stroganoff over Mac & Cheese w/bacon Navy Bean & Ham Soup
Biscuits, Veggies, Salad Mashed Potatoes/Gravy Noodles Veggies & salad Cornbread & Veggies
Dessert Veggies, salad & fruit Veggies, salad & dessert Fruit Salad & Dessert
12 13 14 15 16
Hamburger gravy over Beef & Noodles Pork Roast Hot Turkey Sandwich BBQ Meatballs & Rice Pilaf
Mashed Potatoes Muffins & Veggies Mashed Potatoes/Gravy Veggies & Salad Veggies & Salad
Veggies, salad & dessert Salad & Fruit Veggies, salad & Dessert Fruit Dessert
19 20 21 22 23
Cheeseburgers Oriental Chicken Meatloaf Chicken Tetrazzini Hot Ham & Cheese/Bun
Potato Wedges Rice Pilaf & Veggies Mashed Potatoes w/gravy Veggies & Salad Potato Wedges
Veggies, salad & dessert Salad & Fruit Veggies, salad & dessert Fruit Veggies, salad & dessert
26 27 28 29 30
Pizza loaded w/meat BBQ Burger & Cheddar Oven Fried Chicken Chili Chicken Fried Steak
Veggies & Salad Cornbread Pie Mashed Potatoes/Gravy Cornbread & Veggies Mashed Potatoes/Gravy
Dessert Veggies, salad & fruit Veggies, salad & fruit Salad & Fruit Veggies, salad & Dessert

MENU SUBJECT TO CHANGE DUE TO AVAILABILITY — ATTENTION:  For those who have food allergies, be aware that a large variety of food is prepared in the kitchen.  Therefore, meals may be prepared with ingredients and food service equipment may come in contact with ingredients to which you may have an allergic reaction, such as nuts.

8. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

bird.owl3Evangelist Billy Graham Dies at Age 99

Video: The Second Amendment

Public Unions Are Violating Workers’ Constitutional Rights




Sherman County eNews #44


  1. Classifieds

  2. Calendar

1. CLASSIFIEDS (new or corrected)


Free classified ads are published on Fridays. The deadline is Wednesday at 5. Please submit ads by using the Submit News page. Include who, what, where, when, & how, contact information and the final Friday date for posting your ad (shown by the date at the end of the ad, for example, 3/17), and contact information, under 50 words if possible. This service is limited to Sherman County. Links are welcome.  ~ The Editor



Happy Birthday, Sherman County! 1889-2018


SHERMAN COUNTY WRESTLING CLUB SHIRTS. If you are interested in purchasing a Sherman County Wrestling Club shirt please contact Jeremy Lanthorn with your size. Sizes will be available from Youth Small to 2XL, cost will be $20.00 to cover the cost of the shirt and to help the wrestling club raise money to purchase a new mat as well as competition gear. 2/23


Sherman County School Coaching Opportunities. Coaching positions are currently available in the following areas:


Boys and Girls HS Track & Field (Head Coach)

Boys and Girls HS Track & Field (Assistant Coach)

Boys and Girls Tennis (Head Coach).

These jobs will remain open until filled. Criminal record check and pre-employment drug testing will be required for all positions. For further information and application materials please email Gary Lewis at or Wes Owens at Sherman County School District is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

COURSE MARSHAL / SUPPORT SPECIALIST WANTED. Watch races and get paid for it too. Oregon Raceway Park is seeking corner workers for the 2018 season. Candidates must be 18 years of age, able to climb ladders, have the ability to be outdoors (sometimes in harsh conditions), have good verbal communication skills and be able to react calmly and quickly to emergency situations. We are proud to offer our event presenters a source of skilled and competent personnel to staff our many and varied events from Auto, Kart and Motorcycle Races. Training will be held March 17, 2018 9am-5pm at 93811 Blagg Lane, Grass Valley, OR. If interested please contact, Brenda Pikl: 541-333 2452 or   3/9                                                             


Position: Temporary Instructional Assistant

Start Date: February 26, 2018

Position Description: Sherman County School District is seeking a highly qualified and self-motivated temporary Instructional Assistant with preferred previous experience working in a school environment. The successful candidate will support instructional and other activities as assigned for a twelve week period. This position will remain open until filled. Criminal record check and pre-employment drug testing required.

How to Apply: For further information and application materials please email Wes Owens at or call 541-565-3500. Sherman County School District is an Equal Opportunity Employer.



Start Date 4/2/18

Work Schedule Monday – Friday 7:45 a.m. – 1:45 p.m.

Current Salary $11.04 – $13.74/hour DOE

Job Description/Responsibility  Sherman County School District is seeking a qualified Food Service Assistant.  Criminal record check and pre-employment drug screening is required.  Health Insurance Package is pro-rated for this 6 hour per day position. The Food Service Assistant’s primary responsibilities include dishwashing and salad bar preparation. The Food Service Assistant must be able to lift up to 50 lbs., and must also be organized, reliable, self-motivated, capable of planning and scheduling, and is responsible for a variety of other miscellaneous duties to ensure the kitchen and cafeteria are maintained in a healthy, safe, and sanitary manner. Application Method/Materials Required Please submit a letter of interest, application (available from the school district) and resume if you are interested in the position to: Wes Owens, Superintendent, 65912 High School Loop, Moro, Oregon  97039 | (541) 565-3500  This position will remain open until filled. Sherman County School District is an equal opportunity employer.


Endorsement(s) Required: Endorsement in Health Education is required for this position. Other opportunities may become available to increase FTE.

SalarySalary will be dependent upon start date, education, and experience.

Start Date:  On or before, January 29, 2018.

Position Description:  Sherman County School District is seeking a highly qualified .43 FTE Health Education Specialist. The successful candidate will spend two (2) periods each day teaching Health Education classes serving 7th-12th grade students and one (1) period each day as the Yearbook classroom instructor. The workday for this position will be from 7:45 am until 11:15 am. Current paid coaching opportunities that are available at this time include Head High School Tennis Coach and Head High School Track Coach, other potential coaching and advisor opportunities may also become available.


  • Ability to work independently as well as a member of a team.
  • Ability to communicate with parents, students and staff.
  • Able to meet the individual needs of all students.
  • Excellent planning, organizational skills.
  • Qualified applicants who have experience and an interest in coaching are encouraged to apply.

About Sherman County School District:  The Sherman County School District is a K-12 progressive school with approximately 245 students, located in Moro, Oregon.  The 2016-17 school year saw the opening of a new elementary and remodeled Jr./Sr. High School connected as one modernized facility.  Criminal record check and pre-employment drug testing required.  For further information and application materials please email Wes Owens at Sherman County School District is an Equal Opportunity Employer.


LAND. RMLS# 17410095. A chance to own 1.5 acres close to Moro but in the country. This property is waiting for you to bring your house plans and call it home. Subject to final short plat approval, taxes to be determined. $50,000. Call Tiffany Hillman with Dryside Property @ 541-993-7006  5/1

HANDCRAFTED FURNITURE & NOVELTY GIFTS. Considerately Handcrafted furniture and novelty gifts created from re-purposed wine & whiskey barrels. ~The Wood Butcher | Wasco, Oregon | 541-993-4282 |  2/23



LOCAL HANDYMAN SERVICES. No job too small. Licensed general contractor. Equipment operator. OR CCB #135768 KCK, Inc.  541-993-4282   3/30




BUDGET COMMITTEE OPENINGS (3): The City of Moro has three (3) openings for the Budget Committee. The term is two years and is a Council appointed position. This position consists of one/two meetings yearly. Anyone interested in the above position should contact: Erik Glover, Moro City Administrator, 541-565-3535, or send a letter to: City of Moro, Attn: Budget Committee, PO BOX 231, Moro, OR 97039 by April 02, 2018. 3/30 



2. CALENDAR (new or corrected)


1 AARP Tax Aide Sites Open Statewide

24 OSU Small Farm Conference, Corvallis

25 Happy Birthday Sherman County 1889-2018

26 Sherman County Photography Club 6 Steve Burnett Extension Bldg.
27 Mid-Columbia Council of Governments Board of Directors 1:15 The Dalles

28 Sherman County Board of Property Tax Appeals 9

28 Retirement Open House for Rosanna Breeding 1-4 Farm Service Agency


1 Sherman County Fair Board Meeting 7

1-4 National Association of Counties Conference, Washington, D.C.

3 Bill Flatt Memorial Service 1 Condon High School gymnasium

7 Sherman County Court 9

7 Mid-Columbia Economic Development District Exec. Board Meeting 4

7 All County Prayer Meeting, Moro Presbyterian Church Refreshments and social time at 6:30, prayer time from 7:00 to 8:30.

9 Community Renewable Energy Association (CREA) Board Meeting 10-1

10 Western Antique Aeroplane and Automobile Museum 9 The Roaring Twenties

10 Columbia Gorge Genealogical Society Program 10:30 Discovery Center

13 Sherman Soil & Water Conservation Board Meeting 8:30

13 Tri-County Mental Health Board Meeting 11-2

13 North Central Public Health Board Meeting 3

14 Sherman County Senior Center Advisory Committee 12:30 Senior Center

15 Maryhill Museum of Art Opens for the Season

17 Celebrate “St. Pat’s at St. Pete’s” 7 St. Peter’s Landmark, The Dalles

21 Sherman County Court 9

22 Mid-Columbia Economic Development District Board Meeting 4-6 Hood River

23-25 Northwest Horse Fair & Expo & Mustang Adoption, Albany, Oregon 


4 Sherman County Court 9

4 All County Prayer Meeting, Wasco Church of Christ Refreshments and social time at 6:30, prayer time from 7:00 to 8:30.

5 Sherman County Fair Board 7

10 Sherman Soil & Water Conservation District Board Meeting 8:30

10? Tri-County Mental Health Board of Directors Meeting 11-2 The Dalles

10? North Central Public Health District 3 The Dalles

11 Sherman County Senior Center Advisory Committee 12:30

14 Western Antique Aeroplane and Automobile Museum 9 Speedsters & Racers

18 Sherman County Court 9

23-24 Sherman County Budget Committee 8

28-29 Oregon Ag Fest, Salem


Sherman County eNews #43


  1. Editorial. Frontier TeleNet: Baffling, Disheartening & Embarrassing

  2. Frontier Telenet Assessment by County Solutions, Fall 2017

  3. Frontier Telenet: Upgrades, Needs; Planning Session Last week

Much of the social history of the Western world, over the past three decades, has been a history of replacing what worked with what sounded good. ~ Thomas Sowell

1. Editorial. Frontier TeleNet: Baffling, Disheartening & Embarrassing

Let us be clear! We’ve followed Frontier TeleNet from its formative years and want to see it succeed.   

We expected more of the Frontier TeleNet board of directors and contractors when they met last week. We expected them to arrive having seriously studied the assessment and recommendations made by County Solutions for the owners of Frontier TeleNet, the people in Sherman, Gilliam and Wheeler counties.

We expected their thoughtful responses to each recommendation (below): a systems audit, development of a vision and strategy, a business plan, a marketing plan… all very basic responsibilities, and serious consideration and debate about an umbrella Chapter 190 organization, hiring a Frontier TeleNet manager, formalizing duties of the secretary-treasurer, and forming an advisory committee.

Instead, their thoughtless, careless responses show that board members and staff lack the will to do the work to deal with the seriousness of their situation. 

Instead, their foolish responses reveal an arrogant disrespect for the people they represent and the money spent on this important assessment.

Whomever it was that, “assured there was no need to go through AOC’s report,” is not competent to represent us. This report is an important and timely public document that belongs to all of us. We deserve to hear our representatives consider, debate and decide.

Sherman, Gilliam and Wheeler county courts and Frontier TeleNet’s contracted staff are complicit in such continuing failures of planning and process.

We deserve and expect a professional performance by our elected and un-elected officials.  We must insist! 

2. Frontier Telenet Assessment by County Solutions, Fall 2017

“Frontier Telenet Assessment – Gilliam, Sherman, Wheeler County

Performed by County Solutions Fall 2017

“At the request of the Frontier Telenet Board of Directors, the Association of Oregon Counties (AOC) County Solutions program has undertaken an assessment of its structures and review mechanisms in order to improve coordination, partnering and public engagement for the intergovernmental entity. The assessment also examined the organization’s capacity to provide administrative, marketing, and operations functions.

“This assessment was conducted through interviews with Frontier Telenet’s board members and staff, local government officials and staff, stakeholders and interested members of the public.  In addition, the responsibilities of an intergovernmental entity have been reviewed. The following provides categories of work that this assessment addressed. Following the background in each category, the report offers recommendations for the Telenet Board’s consideration in next steps to address issues identified in the assessment.  


“Background. Frontier Telenet was established in 2001 to support the 911 function and serve the region’s schools and libraries. Much has happened in the field of telecommunications since that time and new challenges and opportunities have emerged. Today, broadband technology continues to evolve at a rapid rate. This creates the need for an adaptive organization that can both plan for and respond to the opportunities and challenges that exist in the present and in the future. 

“Conduct a systems audit. The infrastructure that makes up the Frontier Telenet system has been built over time and while staff associated with the organization have knowledge of its components, a comprehensive inventory is needed. An asset map should also include the status of leases and agreements that support the infrastructure. An inventory would help the organization identify what upgrades are needed and prepare for the next generation of technology. Additionally, cataloging Frontier Telenet’s current customers and the status of their accounts is needed to accompany the infrastructure audit in order to provide a baseline for future planning.  

“Establish a vision. Given the changes in technology, there are new opportunities that should be considered going forward, such as the new generation 911, which connects personal cell phones and tablets. Developing an integrated technology strategy would require particular kinds of system upgrades. The organization should determine its vision in relation to the role they play relative to retail and residential customers.  Opportunities for economic development should also be considered to determine how to best position the region going forward. A vision that has regional ownership – including the counties, cities and users – will serve the organization in developing a solid business plan.

“Develop a Business Plan. A business plan should build on the asset map, and be based on the vision to establish what kind of service is needed. The plan should outline the system upgrades that are needed and a strategy for how to pay for them. The plan should also develop a strategy to sequence new investments in the region and ensure expectations of service do not exceed the capacity of the systems to deliver them. The plan needs to be adaptable and should be reviewed at least every two years given the rapid pace of technological evolution in the field.  To build ownership in the business plan, it should be developed in a transparent manner with opportunities for engagement with stakeholders.

“Develop a Marketing Plan. While Frontier Telenet has taken steps to focus on marketing by hiring staff to pursue opportunities, a more detailed marketing plan, which follows the development of the vision and, more directly, the business plan would be useful. The marketing plan also needs to be adaptable as the opportunities have changed over time and the demand is changing rapidly as well.


“Background. Frontier Telenet is governed by a Board of Directors that is comprised of one member from each of the participating counties. The governing body of each county appoints a representative to the Board under Article ll of the intergovernmental agreement that created Frontier Telenet. Board Members serve at the pleasure of the respective governing body.  The Board elects a President, Vice President, and Secretary/Treasurer. Collectively, these are the “Officers” of the Board. Under Article ll, the Board elects Officers who serve a term of one year. This is done annually, at the beginning of the year.

“Communication with Boards of Commissioners. Given the growing importance of Frontier Telenet to the counties and the region it is important that the county governing bodies are well informed about the plans and activities of the organization. Each member of the Telenet Board should provide regular updates to each Board of Commissioners. This is particularly important given the need to have well informed members who can seamlessly assume board duties when commissioners retire or leave office.

“Consider forming an umbrella ORS 190 organization that includes multiple Lower John Day counties functions There are several county functions that are provided in the three-county region, in addition to Frontier Telenet, such as: veterans services; economic development; building codes; community corrections, etc. Combining functions, such as these, under an umbrella ORS 190 organization could allow the three counties to have a more centralized capacity that could benefit operations. 


“Background. Article ll of the founding agreement outlines the duties of each Officer of the Board, including the Secretary/Treasurer, which states: “The Secretary/Treasurer shall keep the minutes and official records of Frontier Telenet. The Secretary/Treasurer shall be responsible for the fiscal administration of all funds of Frontier Telenet. The Secretary/Treasurer and the President shall act as co-signers of checks drawn upon the accounts of Frontier Telenet. The Secretary/Treasurer may delegate the administrative functions of his or her office to another person who need not be on the Board. A unanimous vote is required to decide financial matters, the hiring and discharging of employees and for the acceptance of Scopes of Work for each project undertaken by Frontier Telenet including any contractual arrangements. Each Scope of Work shall be maintained by the Secretary as a part of Frontier Telenet’s corporate records.”

“Frontier Telenet has been staffed by a part time contracted manger since its inception. The responsibilities of managing the organization have transitioned over time given the evolving complexities of the telecommunications landscape, the new demands for service and the competition among private providers. As the organization has no employees and relies on contractors, it has required Board Members to assume many functions of management. In the area of fiscal administration, Frontier Telenet is owed approximately $900,000 in E-Rate dollars that have gone unpaid over the past three to four years.  

“Formalize delegation of Secretary/Treasurers duties. The responsibility of the Secretary/Treasurer is well defined in the bylaws and the delegation of various components of that responsibility should be documented in writing along with expectations in order to ensure accountability.  Specifically delegate responsibility to collect E-Rate dollars owed Frontier Telenet These funds are important to the fiscal sustainability of Frontier Telenet. Past assurances that this issue will be resolved have not borne fruit. A new strategy is needed.

“Consider hiring a manager for Frontier Telenet. Given the changing, increasingly complex environment noted above, the job of managing Frontier Telenet has become very demanding. It places too high a burden on Board Members who have other significant responsibilities carrying out their duties as County Commissioners. Also, given the competition among various providers, it would be beneficial to hire an individual who is an employee of Frontier Telenet. Negotiations as infrastructure is built out and plans are developed and implemented require sustained focus.


“Background. Frontier Telenet is an ORS 190 organization which means that it is a intergovernmental organization that carries responsibilities for transparency and maintenance of records, among other functions. There have been public requests for information and transparency that need to be addressed on an ongoing basis. Frontier Telenet is moving to establish an office space in Sherman County and to provide a website where the public can track the activities of the organization. It is also exploring the establishment of an accessible phone system that makes it easier to have a centralized point of contact for the public.

“Clarify responsibility for records management. The responsibility for records management lies with the Board’s Secretary/Treasurer, which can be delegated to an individual not on the Board. This delegation should be clearly articulated, and expectations should be outlined to ensure accountability.

“Continue efforts to establish a transparent organization. The value of transparency is an informed public that can contribute to the success of Frontier Telenet. Efforts underway should continue and evolve with the needs of the organization. Creating a culture of openness among all Board Members, staff, associated partners and stakeholders will create a shared mission for the region. A session with an expert on the transparency requirements and functions of 190 organizations would help in taking next steps for the organization.

“Consider creating an Advisory Committee. Frontier Telenet should consider creating an Advisory Committee of key stakeholders to review and comment on important plans and programs in a more interactive setting than an official meeting of the Board. An advisory committee could also provide a new forum to resolve differences in the region.”

3. Frontier Telenet: Upgrades, Needs; Planning Session Last week

~From the February 22, 2018 issue of The Times-Journal with permission:

Directors of Frontier Telenet met at Fossil last week for a monthly session with staff and contract personnel. A financial report was provided indicating receivables and transfers amounting to $294,665.16 for the month of January and expenses amounting to $176,263.25 for the month. Judge Gary Thompson requested that a listing of accounts receivable also be included in the financial report.

Board members heard brief updates on the City of Condon/Gilliam County fiber middle-mile project, which included that the contract had been awarded to Inland Development Corp., also known as Windwave, and that contract issues are currently being finalized.

Mike Smith, Frontier Telenet marketing director, reported on the Frontier Regional 911 contract with the Burns Paiute Tribe which was activated Feb. 1, saying “So far so good.” Ryan LeBlanc and Todd Cox, Day Wireless consultant technicians, also indicated that Burns/Paiute law enforcement have also indicated that system is working well.

Regarding the Wheeler County wireless project, LeBlanc reported that Phase I of the project is 98 percent complete, and Day Wireless is working with Rural Technologies Group users to get them ‘migrated’ to the new system that is being installed, which he said would be about a month-long project.

Phase II, LeBlanc reported, would begin this week, and will include upgrades on the digital switch, and work on Ashwood and Keys Mountain sites will “bring a pipe into Mitchell.” He indicated the application process needs to begin now to allow for work on the new 700 megahertz system on Keys Mountain to begin in the third quarter of this year.

Regarding potential new users, Smith reported that he is working with Motorola to develop a plan to help Deschutes County as a potential customer of digital switch capacities.

Smith’s report on the Cottonwood communications tower indicated that it is “still moving forward.” Equipment for the tower is being built by Motorola, and Smith anticipates the tower will be “up and running by fire season,” or more precisely, the Fourth of July. The site for the tower is on private property and the “shelter and generator are there for us.” The communications tower was stipulated as a condition when Cottonwood Canyon State Park was originally established over three years ago. “We’ve fallen on our knees on this issue,” Judge Steve Shaffer, Frontier Telenet chairman, said on the issue of the park communications tower.

On the matter of the Intergovernmental Agreement with Sherman County, and the agreement between the state and Sherman County, it was noted that with the passing of Frontier Telenet and Sherman County legal counsel Will Carey, the agreements have been delayed. Attorney Jim Deason, by phone, suggested an agreement to allow Frontier Telenet to administer the Wasco to Rufus fiber project and indicated he would have an agreement drawn up within a week.

In other matters, directors: — approved the standard engagement letter and contract for auditing services by Oster Professional Group not to exceed $6,880. — appointed Jeanne Burch as budget officer. — approved a budget committee of Frontier Telenet directors Steve Shaffer, Gary Thompson and Lynn Morley, along with Pat Shaw, Chris Humphreys and Brad Lohrey. — agreed that budget committee meetings would coincide with the regular monthly meeting schedule. — noted that Frontier Telenet is now officially in office space at the Steve Burnet/Extension Service Center in Moro. — heard that Frontier Telenet has submitted a bid to supply broadband to Mid Columbia Producers in Moro. — heard that Inland Development will bring in more broadband capacity than has been spoken for in the Condon/Gilliam County project. — heard that the internet service provider serving Wheeler County, Rural Technologies Group, will continue, along with other ISPs, to provide broadband service to the home, but from new Frontier Telenet equipment installed by Day Wireless at current and perhaps additional Frontier Telenet towers. — heard that Frontier Telenet service is not exclusive of rural homes, that service is available countywide based on current tower sites, and that Frontier Telenet is looking at additional tower sites and solar repeater sites as part of the county’s $2 million communications grant.

Frontier Telenet directors had also scheduled a planning session to consider the results of a report issued after personnel in the Frontier Telenet – Association of Oregon Counties had reviewed the capacity of the organization under current management.

Meeting with the directors initially in the work session was Mike McArthur, former Sherman County Judge and now executive director of the Association of Oregon Counties.

Assured there was no need to go through AOC’s report, McArthur began by suggesting the board consider hiring a manager and/or developing a tri-county organization with a manager that would over-see not only Frontier Telenet, but also provide the administrative capacity for other county programs and services, such as veterans’ affairs, corrections, public health, mental health, search and rescue, building codes, human resources. Judge Thompson spoke saying the idea “sounds just like more government. The smaller you are, the better off you are.” But added the realization that the counties don’t have the capacity to make what is currently in place work. “When you look at your needs,” McArthur encouraged, “think about how an umbrella organization can help.”

Judge Thompson questioned what it might take for a land use planner to cover the three counties. Sherman County Commissioner Tom McCoy, from the audience, noted that Mid-Columbia Council of Governments has recently folded because it couldn’t pay for the ‘capacity’ it had developed. “The basic question is, how do you pay for capacity?” McCoy asked. Mike Smith asked, “Could a manager for Frontier Telenet do other management? Would it be full-time? Is an advisory committee a possibility?”

 Steve Shaffer noted that “Frontier Telenet currently covers public safety infrastructure and public broadband.” Gary Thompson questioned whether it could be privatized or contracted out. Steve Shaffer suggested that “a mission statement is a good idea,” and regarding a business plan, “we sort of have one.” Gary Thompson pointed out that Frontier Telenet does not have a business plan written out. “We need to recognize our accomplishments and history,” said Mike Smith, and he praised the wireless system that was developed in 2001 and has been self-sustaining, and noted the uniqueness of three small counties partnering to develop such a system. He went on to say that Frontier Telenet needs to continue to update and upgrade its broadband service, and to continue to keep up the level of service. The purchase of the digital switch in 2012 has provided us with much more capacity.

Ryan LeBlanc presented the board with information regarding upgrades to equipment that will need to take place within the next five years, with approximate costs. Frontier Telenet’s Smith and Day Wireless’ Ryan LeBlanc and Steve Wynne will meet to prioritize these upgrades and improvements.

Further into the process of the work session, directors considered Frontier Telenet’s strengths, which they determined included: — The system is open to anyone. — We have a really good network. — Three counties working together to create something great. — You’ve been an inspiration to other areas. And challenges included: — Keep our existing business plan. — Get more customers. — Change the perception that we are poorly organized. — Keeping our head above water. — Get others to help promote the system. — Get day Wireless and Deschutes County to step up and say something, let people know we are here.

And as to who does Frontier Telenet serve, directors concluded: — We serve ourselves, schools, neighboring counties. — Cell phone companies, ISPs, clinics, 911.

Who are Frontier Telenet’s potential customers? — Other state and local governments, suppliers of last mile. — Other entities and counties.

Before closing the meeting, Sherman Commissioner Tom McCoy added some thoughts. He suggested that Frontier Telenet provide an accounting of how fiber is being used and what revenue is being generated from it. He also suggested that Frontier Telenet establish goals, or a schedule, regarding what broadband users can expect and when can they expect it; and also that Frontier Telenet establish a financial plan spelling out what will be done, when will it be done and how much will it cost.

Frontier Telenet directors will meet again Thursday, March 16, 10 a.m. at the Steve Burnet/Extension Service Center in Moro. The meetings are open to the public.


Sherman County eNews #42


  1. Sherman County School News: The Husky Times

  2. Three Candidates for Sherman County Judge Filed with Secretary of State’s Office

  3. History Tidbits: Happy Birthday, Sherman County!

  4. An Exhibition: Catching Birds With A Camera, Feb. 23-June 10

  5. Regional History Forum Program: Obsolete U.S. Currency, Feb. 24

  6. Belief and Control

  7. Retirement Open House for Roseanna Breeding, Feb. 28

  8. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

“It is a mistake to think that the past is dead. Nothing that has ever happened is quite without influence at this moment. The present is merely the past rolled up and concentrated in this second of time. You, too, are your past; often your face is your autobiography; you are what you are because of what you have been; because of your heredity stretching back into forgotten generations; because of every element of environment that has affected you, every man or woman that has met you, every book that you have read, every experience that you have had; all these are accumulated in your memory, your body, your character, your soul. So with a city, a country, and a race; it is its past, and cannot be understood without it.” Will Durant

1. Sherman County School News: The Husky Times

Logo.Sherman High SchoolThe February edition of the Sherman County School newsletter can be found here:


2. Three Candidates for Sherman County Judge Filed with Secretary of State’s Office

Candidates who filed for the office of Sherman County Judge as of February 16 are Larry Hoctor, Mike Smith and Joe Dabulskis. Search by year, primary election, office of County Judge, Sherman County at

3. History Tidbits: Happy Birthday, Sherman County!

February 25th!


Happy Birthday, Sherman County!

~IMAGINE! Imagine the history and the stories of our handsome historic county courthouse! Imagine the pride, anguish, trials, joy, excitement and frustration of the years…of public service, justice, weddings, mortgages, deeds and county business transactions. 

~A BIT CURIOUS! It is a bit curious that, while Sherman County was carved from Wasco County in 1889, the courthouse was not built until ten years later. E. O. McCoy petitioned the legislature for formation of the new county in 1889, proposing to name it Fulton County for Col. James Fulton, a prominent pioneer legislator. In a political move because Col. Fulton opposed a visit to the state house by General William Tecumseh Sherman, the new county was named Sherman. Governor Sylvester Pennoyer signed the modified bill on February 25, 1889 and the new county was named for General Sherman. 

~OFFICIALS. The governor appointed officers to serve the county until the next general election: Col. James Fulton, county judge, [who declined, and Owen M. Scott was appointed]; John Medler and Dayton Elliott, commissioners; V.C. Brock, clerk; E.M. Leslie, sheriff; Levi Armsworthy, treasurer; C.C. Meyers, assessor; and C.J. Bright, school superintendent. On March 12, 1889, the newly-appointed officers and constituents met at the Oskaloosa Hotel in Wasco for the official swearing-in. Wasco was declared the temporary county seat. The new officials rented a rock and concrete building in Block 6 on Lot 7 in Wasco to be used by the sheriff and clerk. County and circuit court business was conducted in the school building. 

~EXPANSION. During the 1891 Oregon legislative session, a bill was introduced to expand the county 18 miles south, taking in Townships 3, 4 and 5 South. This new boundary followed Buck Hollow and an 11-mile east-west boundary across the south. 

~COUNTY SEAT. Selection of a county seat resumed in earnest. Three towns were selected for the ballot: Wasco, Moro and Kenneth [a hamlet once located near DeMoss Springs]. Strong emotions led up to the vote for Moro, influenced by the county’s southward expansion and new residents. In 1892 the county contracted for construction of a temporary building to house the clerk, sheriff and a vault. Records were moved to Moro. In 1893 a jail was added and the vault was rebuilt. A flag pole and flag were ordered in 1895. In 1896, a deputy clerk and deputy sheriff were hired.

~1899. When the county began construction of the new courthouse on Block 23 in 1899, the temporary house on Block 23 in Moro was moved across the street to the south where it remains today. Charles Burggraf of Salem designed the handsome brick structure with Queen Anne architectural features, varied wall surfaces and a corner tower. It was built by contractor, A.F. Peterson of Corvallis, of thrifty material – brick manufactured in the brick yard behind it. The bell-shaped cupola was originally painted alternating bands of dark and light paint.

~FOR THE RECORD. In a story written by Patricia [French] Moore and published in Sherman County: For The Record in 1983, it is noted that the Grass Valley Journal reported completion of the new courthouse on November 3rd. On the 10th the Journal editor observed that, “Everyone who has seen the new courthouse wonders how such a house could have been built with so little money [$6,665]. On November 22nd, 1899, Sherman County’s handsome, new courthouse was turned over to county officials.”

~PROGRESS. In 1905, the Observer reported that there was a pot-bellied stove in each office and a complex of chimneys in the attic. Will Raymond was commissioned to produce ten large photographs of Sherman County scenes for the county’s exhibit at the Lewis and Clark Exposition in Portland and later for the courthouse walls, where they may be seen today. A jail and related supplies were purchased for $3,847 in 1905 and was located in the room the assessor now occupies. The assessor worked in the front room next to the clerk’s office.

~CHANGE. Moore’s story continues. “Major changes took place in 1934…the decision to dig a basement, construct walls, install a furnace and chimney for central heat and to put in a vault…work done as a relief project…under the leadership of county engineer, Hal White.” In 1941, the clerk’s vault was extended and the jail was moved to the rear of the courthouse. The brick on the south wall shows evidence of this move and brick replacement with matching windows. Upstairs remodeling accompanied construction over the jail, with chambers for the judge and jury. The handsome cupola was removed because of wind and storm damage by 1963 when Lee Gunnels painted the courthouse trim.

~MORE CHANGE. Modern carpeting, tile ceilings, computers and glass doors joined delicate wooden ornamentation, filigree knobs and round-topped windows. The white picket fence is long gone; the jail is a museum artifact. New sidewalks and landscaping in 1999 marked the 100th anniversary of the county’s seat of government.

~Sherman County Centennial Committee, 1989.

 4. An Exhibition: Catching Birds With A Camera, Feb. 23-June 10

Catching Birds With A Camera

on Exhibit February 23-June 10, 2018

The Oregon Historical Society

1200 S.W. Park Avenue

Portland, OR 97205


5. Regional History Forum Program: Obsolete U.S. Currency, Feb. 24

dollars.coinsGorge Country news director Rodger Nichols will offer stories and photos about old currency at the Feb. 24 Regional History Forum program at the Original Wasco County Courthouse.  He will present “Obsolete U.S. Currency:  From the Half Cent to the $100,000 Bill” at the 1859 venue, 410 W. Second Place, The Dalles.  The program begins at 1:30 p.m.

Nichols will reveal what the pioneers carried as pocket change.  In addition to the familiar dimes and quarters, they also dealt with half cents, two- and three-cent pieces, twenty-cent pieces, something called a half dime, and other intriguing now-obsolete denominations.  He will explain why a particular Spanish coin was legal tender in the U.S. up until 1857.

In addition to half a century’s work for local media outlets, Nichols does appraisals of coin collections in estates for a number of law firms.  He will bring coin catalogues to Saturday’s event and do free evaluations of three coins or bills per person after his presentation.

This is the fourth and final program in the 2018 Regional History Forum series.  There is a TV monitor on the ground floor of the 1859 courthouse to serve those unable to climb the stairs.  Coffee and cookies will be served after the program.  

6. Belief and Control

Do you believe you can exert control over your future, or do you feel that you are at the mercy of fate? There are a lot of folks who feel that their lives, and the world around them, are spinning out of control – and there is nothing they can do about it. Today we are going to talk about how beliefs affect what happens to us.

The amount of control you believe you have over your life has a great deal to do with what you are willing to try, and therefore it also has a great deal to do with what you accomplish. Low belief level equals an unwillingness to try, and the accomplishments never happen.

There is the classic story, from Jungian analyst John Sanford, about a depressed musician for whom neither therapy nor prayer was helping. One day, the man’s car had a flat on the highway, miles from a phone. (Yes, this was in the days before mobile phones.) At first, he stood staring at the car, paralyzed, realizing it had been years since he had changed a tire. Although he wasn’t sure how to use the jack and other tools, he began to work on the task. After an hour of sweat and struggle, he finally got the spare tire on. Back in the car, he realized that he was no longer depressed!

This small success showed him the way to approach his larger problems. He clearly had more control over his destiny than he had thought. He could do more than he thought, if only he would try, if only he would believe in himself enough to plunge in and start. He did not need to be perfect and he did not need to have all the answers before he started. He could take control, and when he did, it felt good. He had given his brain something other than his depression to focus on, and it stepped up to the task at hand.

So, if you are feeling helpless and seemingly at the mercy of a chaotic, ever-changing world around you, take heart and take action – any action you can manage that will get you moving in the direction you want to go. ~The Pacific Institute

7. Retirement Open House for Roseanna Breeding, Feb. 28

Please join us to celebrate the retirement of Roseanna Breeding, our local Farm Service Agency County Director. We will be having an open house here at the service center from 1:00pm to 4:30pm. Treats and refreshments will be provided, so swing on in and visit a while.

When: Wednesday February 28th – 1:00pm to 4:30pm
Where: The Farm Service Agency Office – 302 Scott Street, Moro, Oregon

8. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

bird.owl3Explosive Device Found on Texas-Mexico Border Bridge

Yes, We Really Can Learn About Guns from Israel

TEDEd: The Rise & Fall of the Inca Empire


Sherman County eNews #41


  1. Washington’s Birthday or Presidents’ Day

  2. William Lloyd (Bill) Flatt 1929-2018

  3. Winning Workplace Etiquette — in Personal and Professional Life

  4. No Such Thing as Perfect

  5. Small Details

  6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

“All that is good in our history is gathered in libraries. At this moment, Plato is down there at the library waiting for us. So is Aristotle. Spinoza is there and so is Kats. Shelly and Byron and Sam Johnson are there waiting to tell us their magnificent stories. All you have to do is walk in the library door and the great company open their arms to you. They are so happy to see you that they come out with you into the street and to your home. And they do what hardly any friend will– they are silent when you wish to think.” ― Will Durant

1. Washington’s Birthday or Presidents’ Day

USA.LibertyBell1Contrary to popular belief, the observed federal holiday is actually called “Washington’s Birthday.” Neither Congress nor the President has ever stipulated that the name of the holiday observed as Washington’s Birthday be changed to Presidents’ Day. Additionally, Congress has never declared a national holiday binding in all states and each state decides its own legal holidays. This is why there are some calendar discrepancies. Historically, Americans began celebrating George Washington’s Birthday just months after his death, long before Congress declared it a federal holiday. It was not until 1879, under President Rutherford B. Hayes, that Washington’s Birthday became a legal holiday, to be observed on his birthday, February 22.

Washington’s birthday was celebrated on February 22 until well into the 20th Century. In 1968, Congress passed the Monday Holiday Law to “provide uniform annual observances of certain legal public holidays on Mondays.” By creating more 3-day weekends, Congress hoped to “bring substantial benefits to both the spiritual and economic life of the Nation.”

Today, George Washington’s Birthday is one of only eleven permanent holidays established by Congress. One of the great traditions followed for decades has been the reading of George Washington’s Farewell Address—which remains an annual event for the Senate to this day.

In a sense, Washington’s birthday helps us reflect on not just the first president but also the founding of our nation, the values, and what Washington calls in his Farewell Address, the “beloved Constitution and union, as received from the Founders.”

GEORGE WASHINGTON’S BIRTHDAY. Although the federal holiday is held on a Monday (the third Monday of February), George Washington’s birthday is observed on February 22. To complicate matters, Washington was actually born on February 11 in 1731! How can that be?

During Washington’s lifetime, people in Great Britain and America switched from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar (something most of Europe had done in 1582). As a result of this calendar reform, people born before 1752 were told to add 11 days to their birth dates. Those born between January 1 and March 25, as Washington was, also had to add one year to be in sync with the new calendar. By the time Washington became president in 1789, he celebrated his birthday on February 22 and listed his year of birth as 1732.

See….Why We Should Celebrate Washington’s Birthday, Not Presidents’ Day

2. William Lloyd (Bill) Flatt 1929-2018

flower.rose.starWilliam Lloyd (Bill) Flatt, 88, of Condon passed away Tuesday, January 16, 2018 in Vancouver, Wash. A Celebration of Life will be held at the Condon High School gym Saturday, March 3, 1 p.m. A potluck reception will follow at the Condon Grade School Playshed. As Bill was a proud American, the family welcomes those honoring Bill with their attendance to also honor our flag by adorning any type of red, white and blue.

Bill was born April 26, 1929 in Moro, Oregon to Vernon and Lillian Flatt after they had relocated there from North Dakota. Bill commented every winter that while his Dad may have made a few mistakes, moving from North Dakota wasn’t one of them. He was later joined by a brother, Bob, and sister, Lois. He graduated from Moro High School, and later from Eastern Oregon State College. After college, he worked for 1st National Bank in Moro and helped his father with the family business, Flatt’s Truck Service.

Bill met Peggie Cloe in The Dalles and they married in 1950. They moved to Condon bringing Flatt’s Truck Service to the area. Flatt’s local freight soon expanded to include Arlington, Fossil and Kinzua, also transporting livestock, U.S. Mail and household goods for the surrounding communities, including the Condon Air Force Base. Soon after he was persuaded by School Superintendent Ferman ‘Tub’ Warnock, to purchase two school buses. That agreement eventually led to seven buses and a highway coach affectionately named ‘The Blue Devil Bus.’ So was born Mid-Columbia Bus in 1956. Bill enjoyed the early years of MIDCO when he drove the Blue Devil Bus for sporting events, watching his favorite team compete, interacting with the players who affectionately called him ‘Curly’ and making sure the officials knew he was keeping an eye on every call.

Bill, along with Peggie, learned to fly in 1960 and he remained an avid pilot for 40+ years. Flying became a valuable tool for his business, allowing him to see customers and employees face to face always giving the ‘family touch’ no matter the distance from home. In 1976, Bill purchased Schreiner’s Chevron and constructed a new facility for the growing bus business. In 1990 he purchased M&A Auto Parts adding hardware to the business and relocating it to the S.B. Barker Building after an extensive remodeling, leading to it being placed on the National Historical Register, the first to do so on Main Street.

Fifty-nine years after buying his first school bus, and growing MIDCO from two buses to over 900 operating in 52 school districts in Oregon and Idaho, Bill sold the business in 2015 yet always remained vigilant in following MIDCO’s success.

Bill and Peggie raised five children in Condon, Doug, Kevin, Laurie, Bruce and Jeff. He was always active in the community and loved Condon. He served on the Condon City Council, was president of the Chamber of Commerce, a member of the Condon Fire Department, and lighting the July 4th fireworks display was a source of pride for him. He served on the Blue Mountain Council of Boy Scouts and was a Scout Master. He sat on the board of directors for Meadowood Speech Camp, was Master of the Mt. Moriah Masonic Lodge and was on the East/ West Shrine Football Game Committee. He was a lay reader in the Episcopal Church.

Bill was a charter member of the Condon Elks Lodge, serving as Exalted Ruler in 1959, District Deputy in 1963 and Oregon State Elks Association President in 1974. He went on to serve as Chairman of the Elks National Americanism Committee carrying the flag in the opening ceremony of the National Elks Convention in Chicago in 1996. Bill was inducted into the Oregon State Elks Hall of Fame in 1999 and stayed actively involved as a Past State President until his passing. He was an avid outdoorsman not missing many deer or elk hunting seasons over the years with his sons. Tent camping with his family was a yearly vacation and was always a favorite.

For many years Bill and Peggie planned motor coach trips to various locations and had a good following of people that traveled with them wherever they were going as they knew it would be well planned and enjoyable. Bill developed Macular Degeneration in 2008 and had to trade his airplane and car keys in for an electric scooter, saying he went from a top speed of 180 mph to 9 mph overnight. He soon adjusted to scooter travel making room for co-pilot ‘Dewey.’ He moved to The Quarry Senior Living in Vancouver when unable to live alone. He enjoyed being near family and the independence his scooter gave him to local stores. Survivors include his faithful companion Dewey; son, Kevin and wife Sandy of Spokane; daughter, Laurie of Vancouver; daughter-in-law Cindy of Joseph; son, Bruce and wife Ellen of Cove; son, Jeff and wife Mellia of Rainier; 13 grandchildren; and eight great-grandchildren. He was preceded in death by his wife, Peggie; son, Doug; son-in-law, Gene; and granddaughter, Steffanie. Memorial contributions can be sent to OHSU Foundation, Elks Children’s Eye Clinic Building Fund, 1121 SW Salmon, Suite 100, Portland OR 97205-2020.

3. Winning Workplace Etiquette — in Personal and Professional Life

• Never drop in on anyone unexpectedly. Call ahead instead.

• Always arrive a few minutes early; there is no such thing as fashionably late in business

• You’ve got two ears and one mouth; use them proportionately.

• Take an interest in others and learn to ask questions to get people talking about themselves; you will be perceived as a great conversationalist.

• Learn to give and receive compliments. When you receive a compliment, accept it graciously. When you make others look good, you make yourself look good too.

• Always be positive, and think before you speak!

Confused About Casual Dress?

Dressing casually in the workplace should be considered a privilege, although many people consider it to be the norm. Years ago, it would have been difficult to imagine going to work dressed in jeans, but today many people do.

Although some people claim that dressing casually increases efficiency, others feel it decreases the decorum in an office. Some people believe that casual dress is here to stay, while others say it is on its way out. Formal Friday’s and Dress Up Days are new themes in some offices.

Employees may enjoy dressing casually, but not all customers appreciate the relaxed attire. After all, sometimes it is difficult to distinguish an employee in an office from the delivery person, and in a retail establishment, this can be a problem if it is difficult to identify someone to help you.

Many people equate casual dress with casual activities; relaxing, running errands, exercising or cleaning. However, what you wear to work should be dictated by industry standards and customer expectations.

The following should never be worn in a business environment unless specified by your employer.

  1. Sweatpants or sweatshirts
  2. T-shirts with slogans or graphics
  3. Over-sized clothing
  4. Under-sized clothing
  5. Spandex
  6. Shorts
  7. Mini-skirts
  8. Sleeveless blouses or shirts
  9. Swimwear
  10. Lounge wear
  11. Athletic shoes
  12. Open sandals
  13. Vintage clothing
  14. Headgear.

Social Graces in Business Places…

The way you handle yourself is just as important in the office as it is at a business lunch, formal black tie affair or social function related to business. Some companies would never consider hiring someone for an important position without first taking them out for dinner. Why? Because the way a person handles him or herself in a more relaxed atmosphere can be very telling. Company picnics and holiday parties can be potential problems: mix a festive occasion, a party after hours, and plenty of free food and alcohol and you have a potential disaster.

Tips for successful meetings, dinners and other work-related gatherings:


  1. Don’t drink excessively
  2. Don’t wear suggestive clothing (too much skin or cleavage, mini-skirts or anything too tight)
  3. Don’t flirt
  4. Don’t hover over the buffet table and don’t stuff your face
  5. Don’t bring a casual date to the office party or bring someone uninvited
  6. Don’t gossip about others
  7. Don’t whine and moan about work or your boss
  8. Don’t get too personal in your conversations
  9. Don’t brown-nose or lavish praise on yourself for your accomplishments
  10. Don’t give gag gifts unless specified to do so
  11. Don’t monopolize the conversation or talk about yourself too much


  1. Extend yourself to those you don’t know well— take an interest in others by asking questions and showing interest in what is being said
  2. Remain standing as much as possible — you will appear more approachable to others
  3. Stay close to the person you are with and be sure to make the appropriate introductions
  4. Stick with safe and light conversation topics
  5. Know how to make introductions and always include some information to provide the basis for a conversation
  6. Always keep one hand free to offer a handshake
  7. Wear name-badges (if provided) on your right side
  8.  If you are not sure if you should give a gift to your boss, consider making a donation to his or her favorite charity or by writing a cheerful note and expressing appreciation for your job, boss, etc.
  9. Have something to eat before the event so you won’t feel the need to stuff your face
  10. Move around the room rather than plopping yourself down in one spot for the evening – this will enable you to mingle and talk with different groups of people


4. No Such Thing as Perfect

Are you a perfectionist? Do you know anyone who is? Let’s talk about the drive to be perfect and what it can cost you.

What is so bad about being good? Nothing at all. But trying to be perfect can cost you a lot in terms of mental health and harmonious relationships. You see, people who can mobilize themselves in the face of tough problems are usually folks who don’t worry about being perfect. They are happy to move ahead with a partial solution, trusting that they will invent the rest as they go along. Obstacles become mere detours on the road to the ultimate goal.

Now, perfectionists will try to tell you that their relentless standards drive them to levels of productivity and excellence that they could not otherwise attain. But often just the opposite is true. Perfectionists usually accomplish less, because they waste so much time paralyzed by fear of failure. They will not start anything until they know how to finish it without any mishaps, and that may be a mistake. While perfectionists seem to have a positive attitude toward whatever they are doing, sometimes it is creative avoidance with a different name.

Even though they don’t know exactly how they are going to do something, high-performance people keep their vision of the end-result uppermost in their minds and forge ahead anyway. They believe that they will get the help they need, find the resources they need, and figure out the how-to’s as they go – and they usually do.

If for some reason they do not achieve the outcome they wanted, high-performance people don’t waste energy beating themselves up about it. They simply learn from the experience and move on. High performance people are resilient and persistent, stay on target, and have confidence in their ability to see it through.

For humanity, there has never been the perfect book, perfect movie, perfect piece of music or musical performance, and certainly no perfect life. The best we can hope for is moments of perfection, that quickly vanish from our perception, leaving only the memory. Perhaps it is time to let go of the dream of unattainable perfection. How about we work on and grow toward higher performance, at whatever we choose to focus on? ~The Pacific Institute

5. Small Details

Don’t overlook small details. Remember that the universe and all that is in it are made from tiny atoms. There is an old expression that says, “If you take care of the little things, the big things will take care of themselves.” It’s another way of saying that every job is composed of many small details, any one of which, if overlooked, can create big problems later. If you have trouble dealing with details — paperwork, expense accounts, and other annoying details — set aside a time during your work cycle (daily, weekly, or monthly) to deal with such unpleasant tasks. Prepare yourself mentally to deal with those tasks, and you may find that you dispense with them quickly and efficiently. You may even find that the job wasn’t nearly as unpleasant as you expected it to be. ~Napoleon Hill Foundation

6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

Bird.Black.EnvelopeOregon Democrats propose 2 constitutional amendments

Why Health Care Should Not Be Defined as a ‘Fundamental Right’

This Is the Insane Amount of Money It Takes to Become an Olympic Figure Skater

Prager U.: What you need to know about Planned Parenthood

Words with two meanings

Which American President Was the First to be Photographed?

Donner Party rescued – Feb 19, 1847


Sherman County eNews #40


  1. Candidate Filing Form: Precinct Committeepersons

  2. Sherman County Cultural Coalition 2018 Spring Grant Cycle

  3. Grant Awards Announced by Sherman Development League

  4. Reinforcing Change

  5. Maryhill Museum of Art to Re-Open for the Season on March 15

  6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

 1. Candidate Filing Form: Precinct Committeepersons

Candidates for Precinct Committeeperson

First day to file: February 1, 2018

Last day to file: March 6, 2018

To be filed with the County Elections official.

Also see ORS 248.015 – Precinct Committeepersons

2. Sherman County Cultural Coalition 2018 Spring Grant Cycle

The Sherman County Cultural Coalition will begin accepting grant applications March 1, 2018, for the 2018 Spring Grant Cycle. Applicants may be individuals and/or groups and need not be legally recognized non-profits.

Application Deadline: March 30, 2018

Awards up to $1,500 will be granted in support of local Sherman County activities and events which promote Culture, Humanities, Heritage and the Arts in Sherman County.

Additional information including Grant Guidelines and the application form, may be found at: 

Completed grant applications may be mailed to:

Sherman County Cultural Coalition

P.O. Box 23

Moro, OR 97039

Or emailed to:


Contact Melva Thomas at 541-442-5488 or

3. Grant Awards Announced by Sherman Development League

Sherman Development League (SDL) has announced the successful completion of grant awards for 2018 committing $4,035.00 to projects of benefit to Sherman County. 

Formed in 2000 as a non-profit 501 (c) (3) organization, SDL’s mission is to provide grants and/or loans in support of community-based programs and projects to enhance the social, cultural and educational environment of Sherman County. SDL provides fiscal sponsorship to organizations and/or unincorporated groups for projects which further its tax-exempt purposes and are of public benefit to the residents of Sherman County. A revolving loan fund has been established to provide loans to for-profit and non-profit businesses. SDL also serves as the Sherman County Cultural Coalition Board and provides related fiscal administration of funds received annually from the Oregon Cultural Trust and matching funds from Sherman County.

Two project applications met the requirements and goals established by SDL. Included are projects proposed by Little Wheats, Inc. and Wasco School Events Center.

Since 2007, the Development League has awarded seventy-three (73) grants totally $1,121,508.00, emergency funding for eight organizations totally $78,412.00 and provided several loans to private and public entities.

Applications for the next round of grant requests will be available in the fall of 2018. Requests for loans may be submitted at any time. ~ Sherman Development League Board of Directors.

4. Reinforcing Change

The finest professional animal trainers never punish their animals, except as a last resort or to prevent injury. They know that punishment only suppresses undesirable behavior temporarily. Once the punishment is withdrawn, the behavior tends to return.

They also know that punishment teaches their animals to hate and fear them – the last thing a trainer wants. If you’ve ever watched “dog whisperer” Cesar Millan, you will understand.

This is no different for people. Just think about it: How well do you learn from someone you would much rather avoid? How well do you respond to someone who is trying to get you to do something by threatening or hurting you? How much do you learn under adverse conditions, and how quickly do you forget what you have learned? Chances are the one thing you will remember is how you managed to avoid anything to do with this person.

Of course, when it comes to children, we need to be realistic. If you have a two-year-old who is too young to reason with and who repeatedly runs out into a busy street, your only alternative may be some form of physical restraint or punishment. 

But, in a vast majority of situations, we can best teach others by praising their efforts, no matter how faltering or incomplete, and building their confidence, step by step. Enlightened leadership knows this works, as these same tactics help create loyalty and engagement within their organizations.

For young children, be sure the learning task is within the child’s capacity, ignore mistakes, focus on successes, and be patient. In fact, patience goes a long way in most situations. We can goal-set all we want, but some situations we simply have no control over. This is where our resiliency and option thinking abilities come to the forefront.

So, focus on the end-result you want, gather your positive self-talk, and let your natural creativity find the answers to the challenges you face. You generally will be pleased with the results. ~The Pacific Institute

5. Maryhill Museum of Art to Re-Open for the Season on March 15

(GOLDENDALE, Wash., February 13, 2018) — Maryhill Museum of Art will re-open for the season on March 15, 2018 with a special exhibition featuring 40 works by Richard F. Lack, one of the most significant and prolific American realists of the last half of the 20th century.

American Classical Realism will also be featured in a concurrent exhibition that includes work by R.H. Ives Gammell, Robert Douglas Hunter and Samuel Rose.  Historic and contemporary European and American landscape paintings, and an exhibition of smaller sculptures, all drawn from the museum’s collection, will also be on view in 2018.

A wide range of related programming for adults and families, including lectures, hands-on art workshops and special events will be offered throughout the year.  Full calendar at


March 15 – November 15, 2018
Richard F. Lack: The Interior Journey—Paintings, Drawings, and Studies
The paintings of Richard F. Lack (1928–2009) combine the form and drawing of nineteenth-century academic painters with the color and atmosphere of the Boston impressionists. His interest in classical painting traditions led him to the atelier of R. H. Ives Gammell, with whom he studied from 1950 to 1956. Lack and Gammell were proponents of “Imaginative Painting” and used the term to describe work that was previously designated as historical—or poetic—painting. It includes historical, religious, mythological, allegorical, fantasy, mystical and symbolic art. Curated by Stephen Gjertson, with assistance from The Atelier and the Lack Estate. Gjertson is a Minneapolis-area artist who was a student of Lack and a former teacher at his atelier.

March 15 – November 15, 2018
American Classical Realism
R.H. Ives Gammell (1893–1981) was one of the last American artists whose training traces back to the French academic tradition of the late eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. In 1950, he founded a Boston studio to ensure that the classical painting tradition would be preserved. In the early 1980s, one of Gammell’s students, Richard Lack, was asked to coin a term that would distinguish the work of the Boston realists from that of other representational artists. The idea of “Classical Realism” was subsequently articulated.  Maryhill Museum of Art is home to a large collection of these works and this exhibition draws from that material. Work by Gammell and three of his students—Richard Lack (1928–2009), Robert Douglas Hunter (1928–2014) and Samuel Rose (1941–2008)—may be seen in the exhibition.

March 15 – November 15, 2018
Maryhill Favorites: Landscape
This exhibition showcases landscape paintings from the museum’s collection, including historic and contemporary European and American works, and recent paintings from the 2016 and 2017 Pacific Northwest Plein Air in the Columbia River Gorge events.

March 15 – November 15, 2018
Sculpture from the Permanent Collection
On view are 20 small sculptures from the museum’s permanent collection. Highlights include Art Deco ceramics by Seraphin Soudbinine, bronzes by French artist Théodore Rivière, and The Wretched by Meta Vaux Warrick Fuller. 


In addition to the special exhibitions mentioned above, the museum has permanent exhibitions of more than 80 works by Auguste Rodin, European and American paintings, objects d’art from the palaces of the Queen of Romania, Orthodox icons, a display of more than 75 chess sets from around the world, and the renowned Théâtre de la Mode, featuring small-scale mannequins attired in haute couture fashions of post-World War II France. The museum’s Native American Gallery features works of art from prehistoric through contemporary, with a particular emphasis on tribes from the Pacific Northwest.  The exhibition Sam Hill and the Columbia River Highway shows historic construction images and early scenic views of the Columbia River Gorge.

6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

bird.talkSherman County Sheriff – Facebook

Protecting Our Children: A Practical Proposal

Audit finds issue with sidewalk ramps along Oregon highways

What Can’t Be Debated on Campus

Opinion: The Free-Speech University

Climate Alarmism Is Still Bizarre, Dogmatic, Intolerant

‘I apologize with all my heart,’ says teen who started Eagle Creek fire

Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife 2018 News Releases


Sherman County eNews #39


  1. What’s Happening at Sherman County Public/School Library, Feb. 22 & 24

  2. Frontier TeleNet Approved Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, Jan. 19

  3. Oregon political stories all in one place – free subscription

  4. Oregon Capital Insider Index: This week in Salem, by the numbers

  5. How many countries are there in the world?

Civilization is not inherited; it has to be learned and earned by each generation anew; if the transmission should be interrupted for one century, civilization would die, and we should be savages again. –Will and Ariel Durant

1. What’s Happening at Sherman County Public/School Library, Feb. 22 & 24 

Logo.ShermanPub.School.Library2017Book Club book – The Women in the Castle by Jessica Shattuck

Thursday, February 22 at 6pm.

Set at the end of World War II, in a crumbling Bavarian castle that once played host to all of German high society, a powerful and propulsive story of three widows whose lives and fates become intertwined.

Crafts in Stacks – Sky Necklaces

Saturday, February 24 at 2pm.

We will create two pendants, one representing night sky on a brass blank and another representing the day sky on a glass blank. No previous skill required! Ages firmly 12 and up. Give us a call to reserve your spot before February 22; space is limited to the first 15.

2. Frontier TeleNet Approved Board of Directors Meeting Minutes, Jan. 19


JANUARY 19, 2018

The regular meeting of the Frontier TeleNet Board of Directors was called to order by Chairman Judge Steve Shaffer at 10AM.  This meeting held in the Courtroom of the Gilliam County Courthouse, 221 Oregon Street, Condon, Oregon.

Directors Present:  Judge Steve Shaffer, Judge Lynn Morley and Sherman County Commissioner, Tom McCoy representing Judge Gary Thompson.

Also Present:  Ryan LeBlanc and Todd Cox, Day Wireless System; Mac Stinchfield Times-Journal Newspaper; Kathryn Greiner, City of [Condon]; Rob Myers, Mike Smith and Jeanne Burch, Frontier TeleNet Consultants and Staff.

Directors Changes to Agenda:  None

Minutes:  Moved by Lynn Morley, seconded by Steve Shaffer to approve December 15, 2017 Directors Meeting Minutes as presented.  Motion carried with all present voting aye.

Financial Statement:  Moved by Lynn Morley, seconded by Steve Shaffer to approve December 15, 2017 Financial Statement as presented.  Motion carried with all present voting aye.

Gilliam County RFP:  Judge Shaffer provided an update on the Gilliam County Request for Proposal regarding fiber installation.  The RFP has been approved and waiting on details of construction.  Inland Development/Windwave were chosen for this project.  At time waiting for legal counsel to approve paperwork.  Tom McCoy asked who is paying for project?  Commissioner McCoy asked also how the cost is being split?  Judge Shaffer replied there is a verbal agreement that Gilliam County will pay $1,150,000.00 and the City of Condon will add $480,00.00 to project.  The remainder of the project costs will be split among the partners.  There will be 12 pair of fiber in this project.  Commissioner McCoy asked about the format of the agreement on this project and Mike Smith stated it will be the same model as the previous Sherman County Project.

Frontier TeleNet Web Site:  Mike Smith reported the Frontier TeleNet Web Site is up but not complete at this time. is the web site address.

Frontier Sherman County Office Space:  A lease for Frontier TeleNet office space in Sherman County was reviewed. Mike Smith reported the lease has been signed by Sherman County and office is up and running.  Moved by Lynn Morley, seconded by Steve Shaffer to approve the office space lease with Sherman County with a $1.00 per year rent.  Motion carried with all present voting aye.

Frontier 911 Burns Tribe Update:  Ryan LeBlanc of Day Wireless System stated that the goal was to get the connection to the Burns Paiute Tribe up and running by the end of the year.  This goal was met, and the connection is working fine.  Day Wireless is still waiting for some mapping including phones and dispatch will start on February 2, 2018.

Wheeler County Wireless Project:  Ryan LeBlanc, Day Wireless, is working on Phase 1 microwave upgrades which are 95% complete.   Getting ready to move end users to the towers which should improve their service.  This project is being coordinated with Rural Technology Group, who serves the area.  Ryan stated they are getting the last mile to a more efficient system.  There also are phone companies who are interested in serving the three-county area.  A discussion followed on how Rural Technology Group (RTG) works in the three-county area.  Ryan LeBlanc stated the Wheeler County Project has new generation equipment installed and suggested that Gilliam and Sherman County could benefit by upgrading to this equipment.

Digital Switch New User:  Mike Smith reported there is a potential new user for the Digital Switch.  Mike stated he is negotiating with this potential new partner and there is a good chance they will become a Frontier TeleNet Customer.  Mike has sent out an article showing another system having problems and is pleased that Frontier TeleNet does not experience the same due to having the proper equipment.

Intergovernmental Agreement with Sherman County:  This has not been dealt with as legal counsel has been ill.  Will be on the next agenda.

Sherman County Fiber Optic RFP Update:  This has not been dealt with as legal counsel has been ill.  Will be on the next agenda.

Other Items for Good of the Order:  Discussion on Frontier By-Laws and designated alternate as a proxy vote.  Judge Shaffer asked that minutes be sent to County Commissioners in Gilliam, Sherman and Wheeler Counties.

Public Input/Comment: Mac Stinchfield inquired about the status of towers at the Cottonwood Park.  Mike Smith replied that landowner contract needs to be signed.  Motorola is building the equipment and the project is going forward.  Mike also stated that the tower is within the “utility strip” and the Wild and Scenic River Act should not be an impact on the project.  Hope to have this up and running in the next six months as emergency and internet service is necessary for the park.

Next Meeting:  February 16, 2018 at Wheeler County Jeanne E. Burch Building.  A work session will follow the regular meeting. There being no further business the meeting adjourned at 11:25 A.M.

Respectfully Submitted

Jeanne E. Burch

Frontier TeleNet Staff

3. Oregon political stories all in one place

Oregon.Flat.poleSALEM — If you’re interested in news about state government, staff members at the state Library provide a service that makes it easy to get all of Oregon’s political scoops in one place.

Jerry Curry and his team of librarians compile a feed of online newspaper articles about state politics and government Monday through Friday. The daily news digest — called eClips — contains an average of 30 to 45 articles, from publications ranging from the Washington Post to the Argus Observer in Ontario.

The online service has been around for about 13 years but previously sent out the news digest in automated email blasts only to state lawmakers and employees, until last year. In February 2017, the state Library migrated the news compilation to a blog format on a WordPress website. The general public can now subscribe to the email blasts and visit the website free-of-charge —

4. Oregon Capital Insider Index: This week in Salem, by the numbers

Oregon.Flat.poleHere are 10 numbers that illustrate some of this week’s big, and small, Oregon political stories.

  • 11: Instances where former Gov. John Kitzhaber likely violated state ethics laws, according to findings released by the state’s ethics commission this week.
  • $55,000: Maximum fine Kitzhaber could pay, according to the Statesman-Journal.
  • 159: How old the state of Oregon is, as of Feb. 14.
  • 9: American Indian tribes in Oregon recognized by the federal government.

55: Small distilleries in Oregon that sell less than $250,000 worth of liquor annually, according to The Daily Astorian.

• 27,455: Marriages in Oregon last year.

• 1: Marriages in Gilliam County, Ore., last year.

• 700-1,000: Feet a climber killed on Mt. Hood, Miha Sumi, fell on Tuesday, according to The Associated Press.

• 7: Campaign events on Gov. Kate Brown’s calendar last week.

• 14: Cattle worms found in an Oregon woman’s eye, the first time the condition has been documented in a human. The incident became a news story that enjoyed viral popularity this week.

5. How many countries are there in the world?

communication.satellite-intercomBy Political Geography Now

One of the most basic questions for map-lovers is, “How many countries are there in the world?” But anyone who just gives you a number isn’t telling the whole truth. It actually depends a lot on how you define a “country”.

Here are six of the most common answers, each correct in its own way:

195 Sovereign States According to the UN

“Country” and “nation” are casual words for what political scientists call a “sovereign state,” meaning a place with its own borders and completely independent government. The question of which places count as sovereign states can be controversial, but for starters we normally count all the member and observer countries of the United Nations (UN):

      UN Members: 193

      UN Observer States: 2

      Total: 195

These countries mostly all accept each other as sovereign states, and they’re the ones you’ll see on most world maps and lists of the world’s countries. Almost every country you’ve ever heard of is probably a member of the UN, and the two UN Observer States are Vatican City (represented by the Holy See) and Palestine. If you want to know the names of all 195, Wikipedia has a complete list.

The last addition to the list was in 2012, when Palestine became a UN Observer State, and the last time the number of full UN members changed was when South Sudan joined in 2011.

Note: Palestine’s approval as a UN Observer State was controversial, so some lists may still only have 194 countries.

201 States With at Least Partial Recognition

Several more country candidates are left out of the UN itself, but are still officially acknowledged by at least one UN member (this kind of official acceptance is called “diplomatic recognition”). These controversial countries are usually labeled on world maps as disputed territories or special cases, if they’re on the map at all.

      UN Members: 193

      UN Observer States: 2

      States With Partial Recognition: 6

      Total: 201

The six non-UN states with partial recognition are Taiwan, Western Sahara, Kosovo, South Ossetia, Abkhazia, and Northern Cyprus. All of these are claimed as parts of other countries, but aren’t actually controlled by them (at least not completely). The number of UN members recognizing them varies, from just one for Northern Cyprus to over 100 for Kosovo. 

A few lists also include the Cook Islands and Niue as partially-recognized states. These two places sometimes act like independent countries, but they’ve never actually declared independence or tried to join the UN. They’re usually considered to be highly self-governing overseas territories of New Zealand.

204-207 De Facto Sovereign States

But wait, there’s more! Those six partially recognized countries aren’t the only breakaway states with full self-governance. There are at least three more self-declared countries that aren’t recognized by any UN members at all, but still operate independently from the countries that claim them. These are often called “de facto” sovereign states, a fancy Latin way of saying they’re independent countries in actual fact, even if not on paper.

      UN Members: 193

      UN Observer States: 2

      States With Partial Recognition: 6

      Unrecognized de facto Sovereign States: 3 to 6 (see below)

      Total: 204 to 207

The three places most often considered de facto independent countries are Nagorno-Karabakh, Transdniestria, and Somaliland. And since 2014 there have been three more contenders for the list, questionable because they’re located in active war zones and have only limited government structures: The so-called “Islamic State” is almost out of the running now that it’s lost most of its territory in Syria and Iraq, but the Donetsk People’s Republic and the Lugansk People’s Republic, which claim independence from Ukraine, don’t seem to be going anywhere.

Tiny “micro-nations” declared by individual people usually aren’t taken seriously enough to put on the list. The closest contender would be Sealand, but it’s debatable whether this tiny “nation” really counts as having a territory, population, or government, all key ingredients for a sovereign state.

There are also many rebel-held territories (and fully self-governing areas like Puntland state in Somalia) that aren’t controlled by any country, but are left off the list because they don’t claim to be independent. They agree in principle that they’re part of another country, even though they might disagree about who should be in charge, or how the country should be governed.

206 Olympic Nations

Lots of people learn about the world’s list of countries by watching the Olympic Games every two years. If you’re one of them, you might be confused at why the Olympic Parade of Nations claims over 200 members, even though your atlas only has 195. This is because the Olympics didn’t always require applicants to be independent countries. Dependent territories with partial self-government have sometimes been approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), and a couple of the partially-recognized states mentioned above have also managed it.

      Olympic Nations that are UN Member States: 193

      Olympic Nations that are UN Observer States: 1

      Olympic Nations that are Partially-recognized States: 2

      Olympic Nations that are Dependent Territories: 10

      Total IOC-Recognized Olympic Nations: 206

About half of the dependent territories in the Olympics are overseas possessions of the US (like Puerto Rico) or the UK (like Bermuda). Some nearly-independent “countries” like the Cook Islands (associated with New Zealand) and Aruba (a “constituent country” of the Netherlands) are included too.

Every UN member country is also in the Olympics, with the latest addition, South Sudan, joining in August 2015. The one UN Observer State in the Olympics is Palestine; Vatican City apparently isn’t interested. As for the two partially-recognized countries in the games, Kosovo became an Olympic Nation in 2014, and Taiwan has been a member for some time, but has to call itself “Chinese Taipei” after a deal struck with China in the 1980s. 

211 FIFA Countries Eligible for the World Cup

Soccer — or “football” as it’s known in many countries — is the world’s most popular sport, and most international matches all the way up to the World Cup are regulated by an organization called FIFA. If you’re a soccer super-fan, you might know that, until recently, there were 209 member countries that compete in FIFA matches (even though most don’t make it to the World Cup). That’s already more than the number of Olympic Nations, and definitely more than the total independent countries on most world maps. Like the Olympics, FIFA didn’t always require independence or international recognition for its members. Now it’s a bit stricter, but any team that’s already a member is allowed to stay. The two newest members, which joined in May 2016, both made it in under special circumstances: Kosovo, a partially-recognized country, was voted in after being recognized by more than half of the UN’s members; and Gibraltar, an overseas territory of the UK, recently got a court order allowing it in without being independent.

Based on European tradition, FIFA also allows England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland to compete as separate teams, even though they’re all part of the UK.

      Teams of UN Member States: 186

      Teams of UN Observer States: 1

      Teams of Partially Recognized States: 2

      Teams of UK Constituent Countries: 4

      Teams of Dependent Territories: 18

      Total FIFA Member Associations: 211

You might notice that not all of the 193 UN member states are included. That’s because several very small countries aren’t members, plus the UK is replaced by its four “constituent countries,” which aren’t UN members on their own.

249 Country Codes in the ISO Standard List

Ever been filling out an internet form, and had to choose from a surprisingly long list of countries? You were probably looking at the international standard “country code” list, formally known as ISO 3166-1. Lots of companies and other organizations adopt this standard list instead of spending their own time compiling one. The standard also includes convenient two-letter codes for each country, like us for the United States, de for Germany, and jp for Japan, which you might recognize from website addresses specific to those countries.

This ISO standard is based on an official list kept by the UN…but then why on Earth are there 249 country codes? That’s way more than the total number of UN member and observer countries! Well, the standard list does leave out some breakaway states not recognized by the UN, but makes up for it by listing dependent territories separately from their parent countries. In other words, the ISO list is more an answer to the question, “How many countries and territories in the world?” than “How many countries in the world?”

This means there are “country codes” not just for actual countries, but also for nearly-independent states, overseas colonies, uninhabited islands, and even Antarctica! This is important, because organizations might need an option for every place that any person can be located, and dependent territories often aren’t technically part of the countries they belong to.

      UN Members: 193

      UN Observer States: 2

      States With Partial Recognition: 2

      Inhabited Dependent Territories: 45

      Uninhabited Territories: 6

      Antarctica: 1

      Total: 249

So there you have it! Next time someone tells you “There are 194 countries in the world,” remember that the real answer isn’t so simple!