Sherman County eNews #313






Christmas and Our Patriot Founders

By Mark Alexander, The Patriot Post 2019

Each year, our family observes with due respect and reverence six national historic days of recognition: Patriots Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Constitution Day, Veterans Day, and Thanksgiving.

However, the most hallowed religious observance for our family — that with the most deeply rooted traditions — is Christmas. It is not a commercial feeding frenzy for us, but a quiet and reverent time of rest and celebration of the birth of Christ, punctuated by extended family festivities.

Christmas Through the Generations

The Book of Luke contains the most familiar account on the Birth of Jesus:

“In those days Caesar Augustus issued a decree that a census should be taken of the entire Roman world. (This was the first census that took place while Quirinius was governor of Syria.) And everyone went to their own town to register. So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David. He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child. While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born, and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son. She wrapped him in cloths and placed him in a manger, because there was no guest room available for them. And there were shepherds living out in the fields nearby, keeping watch over their flocks at night. An angel of the Lord appeared to them, and the glory of the Lord shone around them, and they were terrified. But the angel said to them, ‘Do not be afraid. I bring you good news that will cause great joy for all the people. Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is the Messiah, the Lord. This will be a sign to you: You will find a baby wrapped in cloths and lying in a manger.’ Suddenly a great company of the heavenly host appeared with the angel, praising God and saying, ‘Glory to God in the highest heaven, and on earth peace to those on whom his favor rests.’ When the angels had left them and gone into heaven, the shepherds said to one another, ‘Let’s go to Bethlehem and see this thing that has happened, which the Lord has told us about.’ So they hurried off and found Mary and Joseph, and the baby, who was lying in the manger. When they had seen him, they spread the word concerning what had been told them about this child, and all who heard it were amazed at what the shepherds said to them.” (Luke 2:1-18).

Historically, the actual year of Christ’s birth is thought to be between 6 BC and 4 BC, at the end of Herod’s reign. The first mention of Christmas as a formal Nativity feast occurred in a Roman almanac dated AD 336.

The prophet Isaiah wrote of the coming Messiah 700 years before the birth of Jesus: “For unto us a Child is born, unto us a Son is given; and the government will be upon His shoulder. And His name will be called Wonderful, Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)

The Christmas star that guided the Wise Men to Bethlehem may have been any of a number of recorded astronomical events coinciding with the likeliest dates of that first Christmas. Halley’s Comet appeared in 12 BC, and ancient Chinese texts note “exploding” stars, or novas, observed in both 4 and 5 BC. Exceptionally bright planetary conjunctions occurred in 2, 6, and 7 BC; among these, the most promising candidate for the Holy Star was the triple conjunction of Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn in 6 BC… … … continue here… … …

2. CLASSIFIEDS (new or corrected)


ThankYou1THANK YOU. Today I close the door to Sherman County eNews and open the door to new tomorrows. Thank you and Happy New Year! ~Sherry

THANK YOU!  We are most thankful for all of the Santa elf helpers who volunteered for our Wasco School Events Center Christmas event. Merry Christmas! ~Melissa Kirkpatrick, Wasco School Events Center

THANK YOU, WASCO CEMETERY ASSOCIATION! We appreciate your annual report with your year-end appeal! ~Larry and Sherry


A happy New Year! Grant that I

May bring no tear to any eye,

When this New Year in time shall end

Let it be said I’ve played the friend,

Have lived and loved and labored here,

And made of it a happy year.

~Edgar Guest 

ThankYou1THANK YOU, Friends & Neighbors!

To our friends and neighbors who govern and implement the services of government entities serving Sherman County – cities, special districts, county, state and federal –  we thank you for making a difference, for your leadership, commitment, integrity, vision, principles and wisdom.

To our friends and neighbors who serve on the front lines or behind the scenes, who make decisions and do the work of our nonprofits, we thank you for making a difference by your thoughtfulness, wisdom, talent, vision, inspiration, hard work, character and leadership… for your spirit, principles and kindness… for your example and your big hearts!

  • Columbia Basin Agricultural Research Center – Sherman Station Foundation
  • Columbia Gorge CASA
  • Faith Organizations
  • Grass Valley Pavilion Renovation & Rejuvenation Project
  • HAVEN from Domestic and Sexual Violence
  • Little Wheats Day Care Inc.
  • Maryhill Museum of Art
  • North Central Livestock Association
  • OSU Extension 4-H Programs
  • Sherman County Ambulance
  • Sherman County Athletic Foundation
  • Sherman County Child Care Foundation – ABC Huskies Day Care
  • Sherman County Cultural Coalition
  • Sherman County Education Foundation
  • Sherman County Food Bank
  • Sherman County Historical Society & Museum
  • Sherman County Junior Hoops
  • Sherman County Lions Club
  • Sherman Elementary Parent Teacher Organization
  • Sherman County Scholarship Association
  • Sherman Development League
  • Sherman County Preschool
  • Wasco Cemetery Association
  • Wasco RR Depot & History Center
  • Wasco School Events Center
  • Wasco Salmon/Steelhead Tournament.

~The Editor

CONGRATULATIONS, JANE KIRKPATRICK! “One More River to Cross” made it to the top 25 books of Christian fiction and in the Pacific Northwest, it’s been number 7 for two weeks in a row. This is a story of the Stevens – Murphy – Townsend wagon train stuck two years before the Donner Party in the same part of the Sierra Nevada mountains during a heavy winter. ~Sherry K 

THANK YOU to those of you who kept subscribers informed with your contributions to eNews! THANK YOU for doing your part with news releases, agency and departmental reports, public meeting notices, classified ads, letters to the editor, and Spiritual Matters, (suggested by Pastor Keeney and most recently offered by Pastor Burgess on behalf of the Kent and Grass Valley Baptist congregations). THANK YOU, Mike McArthur, for bringing life-changing Lou Tice’s Pacific Institute training to Sherman County. THANK YOU, Times-Journal crew, for sharing your news reports. It’s been a wonderful, transparent partnership! THANK YOU, subscribers! A rare opportunity to volunteer in this way, it’s been very interesting and sometimes challenging! It’s taken me from actual reporting in the earliest years to posting – lots of copying and pasting – news releases, using spell check and the dictionary, from agendas to Oregon Revised Statute and editorials, from church programs to meeting minutes … an honor and a privilege! Make yours – and that of others – a very Merry Christmas! ~Sincerely, Sherry Kaseberg

THANK YOU! Your notes of appreciation are humbling, overwhelming and heartwarming! I assure you that it’s always been a team effort! I’m grateful for everyone who encouraged this free volunteer project, collaborated in making eNews an interesting and helpful local resource, sent suggestions, good ideas and links to interesting websites, submitted notices, news releases, calendar dates, Spiritual Matters and classified ads, challenged process, opinion and policy, and counseled the editor with journalistic wisdom. Please express your appreciation for eNews by your participation in your county communities and by being an informed participant! ~Sherry Kaseberg, Editor/Publisher, Sherman County eNews

Appreciation can make a day – even change a life. Your willingness to put it into words is all that is necessary. ~Margaret Cousins 



GORGE GROWN FOOD NETWORK. Thank you for supporting Gorge Grown Food Network. Together, we’re building a resilient and inclusive food system that improves the health and well-being of our community. We had a remarkable year in 2019.

  • Thousands of families throughout the Gorge received Veggie Prescriptions to purchase fresh fruits and vegetables and spent more than $55,000 on produce from local farmers
  • Gorge Grown Farmers Markets put more than $620,000 back into the local economy and supported 82 family farmers, food producers and small business owners
  • The Food Security Coalition gathered a diverse group 50+ stakeholders from across the Gorge to build a stronger food system and make healthy, local food more accessible to everyone
  • The Mobile Farmers Market worked with 24 local farmers to consistently bring fresh produce to 7 rural communities throughout the Gorge and put $27,000 into the local economy
  • Columbia Gorge Gleaning rescued more than 6,500 lbs of fresh produce this fall and distributed the surplus to community sites that serve food insecure residents

In 2020, we will continue our groundbreaking work. To do this, we need your help. Please consider making a donation today: Gorge Grown Food Network, PO Box 752, Hood River, OR 97031. Thank you for your support of Gorge Grown Food Network!

WINTER CORNHOLE FIESTA – GRASS VALLEY PAVILION. January 18 1-9 p.m. 32 team tournament. Age 12 and up. $75/team or $25/individuals.  $10 all you can eat Taco Bar. The Riverside will be there to serve drinks.  Prizes for 1st, 2nd and 3rd Place.  Please contact Keegan Kock at 541-993-9044 for further information or to sign up for the event. LET’S FIESTA!!


Volunteer SmileJUST ASK HOW YOU CAN HELP. Sherman County’s current activities require the equivalent of 290 volunteers – part-time, one-time, once-yearly, once-monthly, as needed. Just ask! How can I help? The need is great. Opportunities come to mind… Your child’s activities. Your church. 4-H. Sherman County Fair. Wasco Memorial Day Celebration. Sherman County Historical Museum. Sherman County School Booster Club. Wasco School Events Center. Grass Valley Pavilion. Cemetery clean-up days. Maryhill Museum. Food Banks. Vacant local government and nonprofit positions, including EMT training. Or… if you can’t give of your time, give your support with your tax deductible dollars. ~The Editor 


PROGRAM TECHNICIAN. Farm Service Agency Job Opening – Temporary Position. Busy government office in The Dalles, Oregon has an immediate opening for a temporary office (Program Technician) position. Duties include general office activities supporting FSA programs administered at the field office level.  Successful applicant must be reliable, have professional attitude, and enjoy working with the public.  Individuals interested in applying need to contact Lissa Biehn (office manager) at 41-298-8559 ext. 110, or, or apply at Wasco/Hood River Co. FSA at 2325 River Rd, Ste 1. The deadline to apply is December 26, 2019.  FSA is an Equal Opportunity Employer. 12/27

HOUSE CLEANING. Seeking non-employee housekeeper to clean Catholic rectory in Wasco twice a month. Please call Molly Belshe for more information. (541)565-3315. 12/27






SHERMAN COUNTY HISTORICAL SOCIETY MEMBERSHIPS support the mission to gather, preserve, research, interpret, exhibit and publish materials related to the history of Sherman County. The annual membership (per address) $30 includes free museum admission, a 10% discount in The Museum Store, and two issues of the historical anthology, Sherman County: for the Record. See:

SURPLUS SHERMAN COUNTY BUILDINGS.  BUILDINGS MUST BE REMOVED FROM CURRENT LOCATION WITHIN 90 DAYS OF SALE. ALL EXPENSES RELATED TO BUILDING REMOVAL ARE TO BE INCURED BY BIDDER. Surplus for sale by Sherman County: 1972 Royal Mobile Home 24’ x 62’ with addition, 3 Bedroom 2 Bath (Possible 4th Bedroom with addition). Sealed bids must be submitted by 5:00pm, Monday, January 13, 2020 to the Sherman County Court, in-person at 500 Court St, Moro, Oregon 97039, or by mail: PO Box 365, Moro, OR 97039. Minimum bid $5,000. To request a viewing appointment, contact the Office of the Sherman County Court at 541-565-3416. Contact the Sherman County Court 541-565-3416 with questions, or to schedule viewing appointments. 12/27

DEHYDRATOR, JERKY MAKER. New, still in the box never opened, Nesco Dehydrator & Jerky Maker FD-60 with 4 trays. asking $45 / best bid. Call 541-442-8572 Nancy 12/27







HOUSE CLEANING. Seeking non-employee housekeeper to clean Catholic rectory in Wasco twice a month. Please call Molly Belshe for more information. (541)565-3315. 12/27

3. CALENDAR (new or corrected)





1-31 Decorate the Mitten Tree at Sherman County Public/School Library

23-31 Sherman County School Christmas Break

27 Sherman County eNews ends 20-year run!

27-31 Oregon Whale Watch Week


31-Jan. 1 Sherman County Government Holidays


1 First Day Hike: Deschutes River State Recreation Area 9 Oregon Trail Kiosk

1 First Day Hike: Cottonwood Canyon State Park 10 Experience Center

2 Funeral Service for Eileen Moreau 10 St. Mary Catholic Church in Wasco

2 Sherman County Fair Board Meeting 6

4 Sherman Junior Hoops Begins

6 Grass Valley City Council 7

7 Moro City Council 7

8 Rufus City Council 7

8 Sherman Senior Center Advisory 12:30

10 Community Renewable Energy Association (CREA) Board Meeting 10-1

11 Columbia Gorge Genealogical Society Program 10:30 Discovery Center

13 Sherman County School District Board 6

14 Tri-County Mental Health Board 11

14 North Central Public Health District Board 3

15 Sherman County Court 9

18 Winter Cornhole Fiesta Tournament 1-9 p.m. Grass Valley Pavilion

29 Tri-County Court 11

29 Frontier TeleNet Board Meeting 11:30 


3 Grass Valley City Council 7

4 Moro City Council 7

5 Sherman County Court 9

6 Sherman County Fair Board 7

19 Sherman County Court 9


Sherman County eNews #312


  1. Positive Visualization

  2. Dear Mom and Dad: Cool It

  3. The Human Side of Raising Children

  4. New Boating Laws for 2020

  5. Oregon Capital Insider Index: This week by the numbers

  6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

History is the witness that testifies to the passing of time; it illumines reality, vitalizes memory, provides guidance in daily life and brings us tidings of antiquity.
    ~Cicero (106 BC – 43 BC), Pro Publio Sestio

In selecting men for office, let principle be your guide. Regard not the particular sect or denomination of the candidate — look to his character. ~Noah Webster

1. Positive Visualization

~The Pacific Institute 2012

What do you know about visualization? Have you heard people talking about learning how to do it? Well, here’s something you should know. You don’t have to learn how to visualize. Visualization is something all of us do all the time, either positively or negatively.

What you can learn is that if you want to improve the quality of your life, visualization is the way to eliminate negative and increase positive thoughts. Now the term visualization may be a little misleading.  Some people do see clear, colorful images when they visualize, but for others it’s really something they hear, and for others something they sense or feel.  The precise way it works for you doesn’t matter so much as how vivid it is and how much emotion and clarity you associate with it.

Positive visualization helps you get comfortable with a new reality you are creating for yourself and move forward quickly with goals.  It also helps you decide between alternative courses of action – you choose those that fit in with your vision and avoid those that don’t.

So, those of you who are heading off to school shortly, what will you visualize? Short-term, it may be success in your classes, and long-term that degree. Will you visualize paying attention in class and absorbing all there is to learn, or will you visualize lunch breaks and free time after school? Will you visualize walking across that stage to receive your diploma at graduation? And ultimately, will you visualize that job or career that is the culmination of your education?

One important piece to remember is that visualization, or imagination, tends to become reality. Since this is the case, isn’t it better to focus your visualizations on positive ends? The human mind is incredibly creative and powerful. It is up to each of us to channel that creativity toward constructive objectives and one vital path is through positive visualization.

2. Dear Mom and Dad: Cool It

sport-basketballBy Karissa Niehoff and Peter Weber

If you are the mother or father of a high school athlete here in Oregon, this message is primarily for you.

When you attend an athletic event that involves your son or daughter, cheer to your heart’s content, enjoy the camaraderie that high school sports offer and have fun. But when it comes to verbally criticizing game officials or coaches, cool it.

Make no mistake about it. Your passion is admired, and your support of the hometown team is needed. But so is your self-control. Yelling, screaming and berating the officials humiliates your child, annoys those sitting around you, embarrasses your child’s school and is the primary reason Oregon has an alarming shortage of high school officials.

It’s true. According to a recent survey by the National Association of Sports Officials, more than 75 percent of all high school officials say “adult behavior” is the primary reason they quit. And 80 percent of all young officials hang up their stripes after just two years of whistle blowing.

Why? They don’t need your abuse.

Plus, there’s a ripple effect. There are more officials over 60 than under 30 in many areas. And as older, experienced officials retire, there aren’t enough younger ones to replace them. If there are no officials, there are no games. The shortage of licensed high school officials is severe enough in some areas that athletic events are being postponed or cancelled—especially at the freshman and junior varsity levels.

Research confirms that participation in high school sports and activities instills a sense of pride in school and community, teaches lifelong lessons like the value of teamwork and self-discipline and facilitates the physical and emotional development of those who participate. So, if the games go away because there aren’t enough men and women to officiate them, the loss will be infinitely greater than just an “L” on the scoreboard. It will be putting a dent in your community’s future.

If you would like to be a part of the solution to the shortage of high school officials, you can sign up to become a licensed official at Otherwise, adult role models at high school athletic events here in Oregon are always welcome.

(Editor’s note: Karissa Niehoff is Executive Director of the National Federation of State High School Associations and Peter Weber is Executive Director of the Oregon School Activities Association.)

“Volunteering is the ultimate exercise in democracy. You vote in elections once a year, but when you volunteer, you vote every day about the kind of community you want to live in.” — Unattributed

3. The Human Side of Raising Children 

If you are a parent or grandparent, you know there are plenty of rules for raising kids. Today, let’s consider why ignoring these rules can sometimes be a good idea.

Some years ago, in his book, How to Parent, Dr. Fitzhugh Dodson said that, “Raising a child is a human relationship, and human relationships cannot be reduced to a set of rules.” There is an inherent truth in that statement.

Rules are only guidelines, and both you and your child are unique. Each of you is a product of a special combination of genes and environment that has never existed before. What’s more, you have a special relationship with each of your children that is different from the relationship of any other two people on this planet.

So, avoid the mistake of trying to fit this relationship into any preconceived idea of what it is “supposed to be” like. Refrain from dogmatically following a set of rules, even when the rules are written by a so-called “expert.” (Remember, expertise does not mean “perfection.”) And, don’t try to force your child to conform to someone else’s idea of what she or he should be.

The most important thing you can do for your children or grandchildren is to offer them stability, guidance and support while they explore, and learn to realize, the unique potential self which is unfolding within them.

You can reinforce their efforts to achieve worthwhile goals, you can set reasonable limits, and you can remain flexible. But most of all, you can make sure they know that you recognize and respect them for the goodness that resides within each of them. ~The Pacific Institute 2014

4. New Boating Laws for 2020

Oregon.Flat.poleThe 2019 legislative session was a busy one in which seven bills were introduced by the agency. All of these passed, including the agency’s operating budget. Most of the legislative concepts were in response to issues brought forward from stakeholder groups, boating clubs, advocacy groups, and agency partners. There were also several non-agency bills sponsored by legislators on behalf of interest/environmental groups or private citizens that affect Oregon boaters. One bill allows the Marine Board to consider land use planning (Goal 15) in any future rulemaking on boat operations on the Willamette River (HB 2351). Another, HB 2352, creates a towed watersports education program within the Marine Board and requires an additional education endorsement for anyone engaged in wake surfing and wakeboarding activities on the Willamette River (Newberg Pool, RM 30-50) in Clackamas, Marion and Yamhill Counties.

Here’s a run-down of the new legislation and some of the changes coming to recreational boaters beginning January 1, 2020:

  • To minimize the spread of aquatic invasive species, motorized boaters will be required to “pull the plug” when leaving a waterbody and during transport to allow any water-holding compartments to drain (transporting live crab or fish is against the law per ODFW regulations). The fine for failure to pull the plug is $30 for non-motorized boats and $50 for motorized boats and is a Class D violation. Law enforcement was also given the authority to order a person back to an aquatic invasive species boat inspection station if a boater bypasses the mandatory boat inspection station and the station is within five miles. If a person fails to go back to the station for an inspection/decontamination, they can be charged with a Class C misdemeanor ($1,250 and or 30 days in jail). Protecting our waterways from aquatic invaders is the goal and compliance with boat inspection station requirements is vital to achieving it.
  • Boat Rental Business (Livery) registration will be required so the agency can gather more robust information about the type of boats being rented and provide businesses with applicable boating safety education and outreach materials for employees to pass along to their customers. Better-informed customers help make the waterways safer and help protect the rental business from liability. There is no charge associated with registration, but failure to register is a Class B violation ($265 fine). Current motorboat registration discounts apply.
  • There’s no longer a 60-day boating safety education card exemption for new boat owners.  Taking a boating safety course and carrying a boating safety education card is now required when operating a motorboat over 10 hp, regardless of when the boat was purchased.  A new boat owner will need to take an approved boating safety education course and carry a boater education card before taking the boat out for a spin, just like a motor vehicle requires a valid driver’s license. Most states have some form of mandatory education requirement and out-of-state boating safety education cards are accepted; however, if the resident state doesn’t have boating safety education, the boat operators will need the Oregon boater safety education card. The mandatory education program was first enacted in 1999, so the program is now 20-years old.
  • The definition of reckless boating was updated to reflect the motor vehicle code. The Marine Board and the courts can now suspend a boating safety education card if the operator is convicted for reckless boating or boating under the influence of intoxicants (BUII). Suspensions allow for up to one year for convictions of reckless boating and 1-3 years for BUII. On another note, the fine was reduced for not carrying a properly fitting life jacket from a Class B violation ($265) to a Class D violation ($115), to mirror a seat belt infraction in the motor vehicle code.
  • Motorized boat titles and registrations were increased by 33%, or $1.45 and fees are combined into a flat fee based on boat length. Title fees will increase to $75 and the boating safety education card will increase to $20. Replacement boating safety education cards will increase to $16.
  • The Waterway Access Permit replaces the Aquatic Invasive Species Prevention Permit for non-motorized boats 10’ long and longer. Permits are available online through ODFW’s eLicensing System and beginning January 1, 2020, the one and two-year permits are available through the Marine Board’s Boat Oregon Store. There are three permit options: one week (7-days) for $5 (through ODFW), one year for $17, and two years for $30. Rental businesses for non-motorized boats can receive bulk discounts for Waterway Access permits. A portion of the revenue will continue to support aquatic invasive species prevention program and new revenue will support non-motorized boating facility grants to facility providers for improvements or development of non-motorized boating access.

There are two things I want you to make up your minds to: First, that you’re going to have a good time as long as you live. I have no use for the sour-faced man – and next, that you’re going to do something worthwhile, that you’re going to work hard and do the things you set out to do.”  ~Theodore Roosevelt

5. Oregon Capital Insider Index: This week by the numbers

Oregon.Flat.poleCreated: 26 December 2019 | Written by Oregon Capital Insider, Here are 10 numbers that illustrate some of this week’s big, and small, Oregon news stories.

  • 4,000,000: People in the U.S. who could be displaced by one meter of sea level rise, according to OPB.
  • 4,191,000: Approximate population of Oregon in 2018, according to the U.S. Census Bureau.
  • 192: Yurts in the Oregon State Parks system, according to The Oregonian.
  • 1993: Year the state started installing the sturdy tents in its parks.
  • $795,000,000: Amount the expansion of Interstate 5 in the Rose Quarter could cost, according to an internal ODOT report obtained by Willamette Week.
  • 500,000: Lights on display at the Umpqua Valley Festival of Lights, according to Travel Oregon
  • 1,400,000: Oregonians who will travel 50 miles or more for the holidays, according to AAA Oregon.
  • 1,300,000: Among those travelers who will drive to get to their destinations.
  • $3.05: Average per-gallon price of gas in Oregon as of Dec. 23.
  • $2.99: Average per-gallon price of gas at Christmas in 2018.

6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

I am only one, but I am one. I cannot do everything, but I can do something; and what I should do and can do, by the grace of God, I will do. ~E.E. Hale

bird.owl.limbFreedom of Information Act (FOIA)

Hillsdale College

National Center for Constitutional Studies

The Federalist Papers

ORMAP Property Tax System Maps 

The Oregon Encyclopedia (online)

Project Gutenberg’s The Drawings of Leonardo da Vinci, by Leonardo da Vinci

The Other Oregon, a Voice for Rural Oregon (magazine)

Sherry’s Sherman County History Collection


Sherman County eNews #311


  1. New Year’s Prayer

  2. Preparing for the New Year – Part 1

  3. Preparing for the New Year – Part 2

  4. The American’s Creed

  5. Essay: Constitutional Rule of Law – Part Two

1. New Year’s Prayer by Charlotte Anselmo 

Thank you Lord for giving me
The brand new year ahead
Help me live the way I should
As each new day I tread.

Give me gentle wisdom
That I might help a friend
Give me strength and courage
So a shoulder I might lend.

The year ahead is empty
Help me fill it with good things
Each new day filled with joy
And the happiness it brings.

Please give the leaders of our world
A courage born of peace
That they might lead us gently
And all the fighting cease.

Please give to all upon this earth
A heart that’s filled with love
A gentle happy way to live
With Your blessings from above.

2. Preparing for the New Year – Part 1

Do you know anyone who is addicted to negative thoughts? Perhaps it is someone closer than you think. As we prepare to close out the calendar year, it’s a natural time to start thinking about what we’d like to change about ourselves and the course our lives are taking. The first thing to do is become aware of the way we think.

We are familiar with addictions to drugs and alcohol. It seems that addiction is behavior that is usually harmful and that controls you, rather than the other way around. But, can negative thinking be an addiction? You bet it can. Can it harm you? Most definitely. How can you tell if your negative thoughts are out of control? Well, the first step is awareness.

Let’s make today your Day of Awareness. As an experiment, here is something you can try, something The Pacific Institute includes in nearly all of its programs. Try going through one whole day, a full 24 hours, without thinking a single negative thought. No sarcasm, no put-downs, no belittling – of others or of yourself. Yes, that includes time spent driving in traffic and maneuvering through the hustle and bustle of the holiday season.

Now, most people notice quite a few negative thoughts during this day of awareness. But that is not all they do. They get upset at themselves for thinking those negative thoughts, and they end up caught in a mental double negative.

So, give yourself a break. Just pay attention without blaming and without judgment. Notice your thought patterns for the next 24 hours. Once you become aware of how much control negative thinking has over your life, you may choose to change it. It may be a snap to change, or it may not be so easy, but you can do it! First, though, you need to raise your awareness of what is happening today – your Day of Awareness.

Have a terrific, illuminating evening, and we will continue this discussion tomorrow. ~The Pacific Institute

3. Preparing for the New Year – Part 2

So, how did you do in your 24 hours of “no negative thinking?” It was probably a very long evening, but if you truly worked at it, the time spent was eye-opening. Today, let’s talk further about trying to break negative thinking addiction.

We have been talking about the fact that negative thinking can be a harmful addiction, and about how to raise our awareness of the amount of negative thinking we do by learning to pay attention without blaming ourselves.

Today, let’s take it one step further and talk about what you can do to break this destructive habit – to do a pattern interrupt – once you realize that you have it.

The first thing to do is stop justifying or defending your negative thoughts. While it may be true that they are perfectly rational, they are not doing you or anyone else any good. They are getting in the way of your interactions with family and friends, and causing unnecessary distractions in the workplace. So, stop labeling them as reasonable or unreasonable. Just notice them.

Another thing to do is declare a ban on all negative thinking for short periods every day, say for 30 minutes when you get up, before you get in your car to drive anywhere, or right before you go to bed. Then, gradually extend those times.

One final strategy is to be a champion Disputer. Learn to argue with your negative thoughts and to replace them with positive ones. Every possible subject has a positive side. Accomplished positive thinkers know they have a choice about where they want to focus their attention, and they choose the positive aspect. You can, too. Say, “Yes,” to life and to breaking the negative thinking addiction.

If you start today, imagine how you will feel in a couple of weeks. The New Year is looking better every day! ~The Pacific Institute

4. The American’s Creed

By William Tyler Page

“I believe in the United States of America as a government of the people, by the people, for the people; whose just powers are derived from the consent of the governed; a democracy in a Republic; a sovereign Nation of many sovereign States; a perfect Union, one and inseparable; established upon those principles of freedom, equality, justice and humanity for which American patriots sacrificed their lives and fortunes. I therefore believe it is my duty to my country to love it; to support its Constitution; to obey its laws; to respect its flag; and to defend it against all enemies.”

5. Essay: Constitutional Rule of Law – Part Two by Mark Alexander

First posted to eNews in 2009.

~ The Patriot Post: This essay is the second of a two-part seminal treatise on Constitutional Rule of Law in advance of Constitution Day, 17 September, the 222nd anniversary of our national Constitution. 

A “Wall of Separation”?

George Washington wrote in his Farewell Address of 1796, “Let it simply be asked where is the security for property, for reputation, for life, if the sense of religious obligation deserts the oaths, which are the instruments of investigation in the Courts of Justice? And let us with caution indulge the opposition, that morality can be maintained without religion. Whatever may be conceded to the influence of refined education on minds of peculiar structure, reason and experience both forbid us to expect that National morality can prevail in exclusion of religious principle.”

Our Founders affirmed that the natural rights enumerated in our Declaration of Independence and, by extension, as codified in its subordinate guidance, our Constitution, are those endowed by our Creator.

Thomas Jefferson proclaimed, “The God who gave us life, gave us liberty at the same time. … Can the liberties of a nation be thought secure when we have removed their only firm basis, a conviction in the minds of the people that these liberties are the gift of God? That they are not to be violated but with his wrath? Indeed I tremble for my country when I reflect that God is just: that his justice cannot sleep forever.”

Alexander Hamilton insisted, “The sacred rights of mankind are not to be rummaged for, among old parchments, or musty records. They are written, as with a sun beam, in the whole volume of human nature, by the hand of the divinity itself; and can never be erased or obscured by mortal power.”

“Life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness…” These are natural rights — gifts from God, not government.

Moreover, it was with firm regard to this fact that our Constitution was written and ratified “in order secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity.” As such, it established a constitutional republic ruled by laws based on natural rights, not rights allocated by governments or those occupying seats of power.

John Quincy Adams wrote, “Our political way of life is by the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God, and of course presupposes the existence of God, the moral ruler of the universe, and a rule of right and wrong, of just and unjust, binding upon man, preceding all institutions of human society and government.”

Notably, the conviction that our rights are innately bestowed by “the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God,” is enumerated in the preambles of every state constitution of our Union.

But, for many decades, those who advocate a “living constitution” have used the “despotic branch” to remove faith from every public quarter, ironically and erroneously citing the “Wall of Separation” metaphor — words that Jefferson wrote to denote the barrier between federal and state governments, not to erect a prohibition against faith expression in any and all public venues.

The intended consequence of this artificial barrier between church and state is to remove the unmistakable influence of our Creator from all public forums, particularly government education institutions, and thus, over time, to disabuse belief in a sovereign God and the notion of natural rights. This erosion of knowledge about the origin of our rights, the very foundation of our country and basis of our Constitution, has dire implications for the future of liberty.

A republic … if you can keep it…

At the close of the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia, Benjamin Franklin was asked if the delegates had formed a republic or a monarchy. “A republic,” he responded, “if you can keep it.”

To that end, as a warning for future generations to beware of “cunning, ambitious and unprincipled men,” Washington wrote, “A just estimate of that love of power, and proneness to abuse it, which predominates in the human heart is sufficient to satisfy us of the truth of this position.”

John Adams cautioned, “A Constitution of Government once changed from Freedom, can never be restored. Liberty, once lost, is lost forever.”

Today, our Constitution is the oldest rule-of-law charter governing a sovereign republic. It authorizes a republican form of limited government with the express aim of defending individual rights, which are the gift of God.

Unfortunately, and at great peril to our liberty, our Constitution has for years suffered at the hands of “cunning, ambitious and unprincipled” politicians and judges who recognize only vestiges of its original intent for governance. Consequently, constitutional Rule of Law has been undermined by those who have deserted their sacred oaths to “support and defend” the same.

Our legacy of liberty, bequeathed to us by generations of American Patriots, is at risk. If we are to extend liberty to the next generation, we must renew our commitment to this animating contest of freedom as ordained by God, and as set forth by our nation’s Founders in the Declaration of Independence and our Constitution.

While the words “conservative” and “liberal” are ubiquitously used to describe party alliances, these words more essentially describe whether one advocates for the Rule of Law, or the rule of men; for the conservation of our Constitution as the Founders intended, or its liberal interpretation by “progressive” legislators and judicial activists.

It is well past time that we each ask of ourselves: “Which do I advocate?”

The role of, and limitations upon, our central government were and remain defined by the supreme law of the United States, our Constitution, as adopted, and aptly defended in The Federalist Papers.

Those of us who endorse the most basic tenets of our Republic, “That all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness,” are called to honor that heritage and set about the formidable task of restoring individual liberty and constitutional limits upon the branches of our national government.

On liberty.

The words of these Patriots ring as true today as they did at the dawn of our nation:

“The only foundation of a free Constitution is pure Virtue, and if this cannot be inspired into our People … they may change their Rulers, and the forms of Government, but they will not obtain a lasting Liberty.” –John Adams.

“Honor, justice, and humanity, forbid us tamely to surrender that freedom which we received from our gallant ancestors, and which our innocent posterity have a right to receive from us. We cannot endure the infamy and guilt of resigning succeeding generations to that wretchedness which inevitably awaits them if we basely entail hereditary bondage on them.” –Thomas Jefferson.

“A nation which can prefer disgrace to danger is prepared for a master, and deserves one!” –Alexander Hamilton.

“They that can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety.” –Benjamin Franklin.

“If you love wealth better than liberty, the tranquility of servitude better than the animating contest of freedom, go home from us in peace. We ask not your counsels or arms. Crouch down and lick the hands, which feed you. May your chains set lightly upon you and may posterity forget that ye were our countrymen.” –Samuel Adams.

“Is life so dear or peace so sweet as to be purchased at the price of chains and slavery? Forbid it, Almighty God! I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death!” –Patrick Henry.

“If there must be trouble let it be in my day, that my child may have peace.” –Thomas Paine.

To support and defend…

The last line of our Declaration of Independence reads, “For the support of this declaration, with a firm reliance on the protection of Divine Providence, we mutually pledge to each other our lives, our fortunes and our sacred honor.”

Indeed, many first-generation American Patriots died fighting for American liberty.

A decade later, their liberty won at great cost, our Founders further codified their independence and interdependence by instituting our Constitution, which specifies in Article VI, clause 3:

“The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath [emphasis added] or Affirmation, to support this Constitution…”

The Constitution prescribed the following oath to be taken by the president-elect: “I do solemnly swear that I will faithfully execute the office of President of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend [emphasis added] the Constitution of the United States.”

Regarding the Presidential Oath of Office, Justice Joseph Story wrote: “[T]he duty imposed upon him to take care, that the laws be faithfully executed, follows out the strong injunctions of his oath of office, that he will ‘preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution.’ The great object of the executive department is to accomplish this purpose.” Story wrote further that if the president does not honor his oath, his office “will be utterly worthless for … the protection of rights; for the happiness, or good order, or safety of the people.”

Members of Congress and commissioned military personnel are also required by statute to “solemnly swear, that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic: [emphasis added] that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same, that I take this obligation freely, without any mental reservation or purpose of evasion; and that I will well and faithfully discharge the duties of the office on which I am about to enter: So help me God.”

The oath for enlisted military personnel repeats the preceding affirmation, “that I will support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic; that I will bear true faith and allegiance to the same,” and concludes with, “I will obey the orders of the President of the United States and the orders of the officers appointed over me, according to regulations and the Uniform Code of Military Justice. So help me God.”

The subtle distinction between officer oath and enlisted oath is that officers are bound to disobey any order that violates our Constitution, while enlisted personnel are bound to obey only lawful orders.

Notably, these oaths mandate the preservation, protection, support and defense of our Constitution as ratified, not a so-called “living constitution.” And by extension, every American Patriot who has taken such an oath is bound by his or her pledge to also support and defend the Constitution’s foundation, the Declaration of Independence, and the Declaration’s basis, Natural Law.

As we speak, and while uniformed Americans serving our nation defend our Constitution with their lives, many elected officials debase it by enacting extra-constitutional empowerments of the central government, invariably to appease special constituencies or to perpetuate their office. Or to do both.

Though military service personnel who violate their oaths are remanded for courts-martial under the Uniform Code of Military Justice, politicians who violate their oaths are often rewarded with re-election. However, those who do not abide by their oaths, elected officials first and foremost among them, must rightly and justly be removed from office, posthaste, and prosecuted to the fullest extent of the law.

If you have ever taken an oath to “support and defend the Constitution of the United States against all enemies, foreign and domestic,” [emphasis added] and you remain steadfast in your pledge to “bear true faith and allegiance to the same,” then take time to administer that oath to those who have not.

If you are among those who have not yet taken this oath, request its administration from a fellow Patriot who has, and stand ready to abide by it when duty calls.

Principium Imprimis

If there is to be a peaceful transfer of liberty to our posterity, then we must return to principium imprimis, or First Principles.

Short of another American Revolution to remove by force those who do not abide by their oaths, our freedoms cannot long endure unless we, the people, reaffirm what was well understood by our Founders: that our Creator is the only eternal assurance of liberty.

The primacy of faith must be restored in order to preserve the conviction that, as Jefferson wrote, our “liberties are the gift of God”; traditional families and values must be restored as the foundation of our culture; individual rights and responsibilities must be restored as the underpinning of republican government; free enterprise must be unbridled from government constraints; and constitutional authority over each branch of government must be restored to ensure liberty, opportunity and prosperity for a civil society.

The Cycle of Democracy has been accurately summarized as:

From bondage to spiritual faith;
From spiritual faith to great courage;
From courage to liberty (rule of law);
From liberty to abundance;
From abundance to complacency;
From complacency to apathy;
From apathy to dependence;
From dependence back into bondage (rule of men).

Our Founders established a democratic republic, not a democracy, in order to enfeeble this cycle, but with the erosion of constitutional authority, our Republic is now in grave peril of following the same cycle as have all other democracies in history. Only intervention by citizens and leaders who advocate for the primacy of constitutional authority, those committed to supporting and defending that authority above their self-interest, can save the Republic for the next generation.

Irrevocably linked to liberty ensured by constitutional Rule of Law is economic liberty.

Nineteenth-century historian Alexis de Tocqueville once observed, “[Democratic Republics] and socialism have nothing in common but one word: equality. But notice the difference: while democracy seeks equality in liberty, socialism seeks equality in restraint and servitude.”

In 1916, a minister and outspoken advocate for liberty, William J. H. Boetcker, published a pamphlet entitled The Ten Cannots:

You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift.
You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong.
You cannot help the poor man by destroying the rich.
You cannot further the brotherhood of man by inciting class hatred.
You cannot build character and courage by taking away man’s initiative and independence.
You cannot help small men by tearing down big men.
You cannot lift the wage earner by pulling down the wage payer.
You cannot keep out of trouble by spending more than your income.
You cannot establish security on borrowed money.
You cannot help men permanently by doing for them what they will not do for themselves.

Fact is, the central government cannot give to anybody what it does not first take from somebody else.

And none can claim the name “American Patriot” if they comport with or adhere to laws and regulations which violate our Constitution.

At its core, the word “patriot” has direct lineage to those who fought for American independence and established our constitutional Republic. That lineage has descended most directly through our history to those who have pledged “to support and defend” our Constitution — those who have been faithful to, and who have abided by, their oaths, even unto death. On behalf of those gallant souls, Samuel Adams asked, “Contemplate the mangled bodies of your countrymen and then ask yourself, What should be the reward of such sacrifices?”

The time is at hand when Patriots must inquire with a unified voice, “If there is no constitutional authority for laws and regulations enacted by Congress and enforced by the central government, then by what authority do those entities lay and collect taxes to fund such laws and regulations?”

On July 4th, 1776, our Declaration of Independence, this nation’s supreme manuscript of incorporation, asserted, “That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government…”

Our Declaration’s principal author, Thomas Jefferson, also wrote, “The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. … Resistance to tyrants is obedience to God.”

While one hopes and prays that liberty can be restored and extended to our posterity without discord or rebellion, history does not favor such prospects.

Fellow Patriots, until the next Continental Congress is convened, I implore you to make no peace with oppression, and I leave you with these words of encouragement from the Father of our Nation, George Washington: “We should never despair. Our situation before has been unpromising and has changed for the better, so I trust, it will again. If new difficulties arise, we must only put forth new exertions and proportion our efforts to the exigency of the times.”

Semper Vigilo, Fortis, Paratus et Fidelis!

Mark Alexander
Publisher, PatriotPost.US


Sherman County eNews #310


  1. Edythe Eileen Ryf Moreau 1932-2019

  2. Sherman County Prayer Gathering 2020 Schedule

  3. Influenza Season

  4. Relationships

  5. Oregon Century Farm & Ranch Program Seeks Applicants

  6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

 “May the father of all mercies scatter light, and not darkness, upon our paths, and make us in all our several vocations useful here, and in His own due time and way everlastingly happy.” —George Washington (1790)

1. Edythe Eileen Ryf Moreau 1932-2019

flower.rose.starEdythe Eileen Ryf was the fourth of six children born to John Ryf and Gladys Marguerite (Clark) Ryf. Born May 28, 1932, in Ridgefield, Washington, Eileen died December 18, 2019 in Baker City, Oregon.  Her childhood was full of sibling antics, school parties and dances, picking strawberries, and a deep love of family.

Eileen graduated from Ridgefield High School and went on to earn her teaching degree from Central Washington College in Ellensburg, Washington. It was on a double-date during her college years in Ellensburg, where she met a fine young man, George Moreau – who was friend Betty’s date – and the rest, as they say, was history.

George and Eileen were married June 11, 1955, in Seattle, WA, where Eileen was teaching second grade. The young teacher invited her entire class to the wedding, where the happy students occupied the front pew. George and Eileen first resided on the family ranch in Ellensburg. Later, an opportunity came about for the couple to stake their claim in Moro, Oregon, where the Moreau family lived until 2016. Two daughters were born to George and Eileen: Julee Ann and Jill Marie.

Eileen taught in a number of the elementary schools in Sherman County, but is probably best remembered for her role as the 5th-6th grade teacher in Rufus. Eileen was involved with her church, 4-H, and numerous community boards, including a reign as Moro’s mayor. She was appointed by Gov. Vic Atiyeh to the Fair Dismissal Appeals Board for the State of Oregon.

Preceding Eileen in death were her parents, John and Gladys Ryf, four siblings including John, Rose Marie, Clifford and Phyllis, and Eileen’s daughter Jill who died in 1983 and husband George, passing in 1991.

Eileen is survived by her brother, Ed Ryf and his wife Ellen; brother-in-law Frank Moreau, and sisters-in-law Marene Morrison and Frankie Melvin; daughter Julee and her husband David Hicks; Grandchildren include Annelle Hicks, and William Hicks and Will’s wife, Lindsey (Timmons) Hicks.

Recitation of the Rosary will be held at 9:30 am on January 2, 2020, with a Mass of Christian Burial at 10:00 am at St. Mary’s Catholic Church in Wasco, OR (807 Barnett Street Wasco, OR 97065). A luncheon at the Wasco parish hall will be held at 11:00 am and burial will follow at the Moro Cemetery.

The family suggests memorial contributions be made to the Sherman County Education Foundation (C/O Anderson’s Tribute Center, Celilo Chapel, 204 E. 4th Street, The Dalles, OR, 97058).

Arrangements are under the direction of Anderson’s Tribute Center • Celilo Chapel 204 E. 4th Street, The Dalles, Oregon 97058. Visit to leave a note of condolence for the family.

2. Sherman County Prayer Gathering 2020 Schedule


January 8             Rufus Baptist Church, Rufus        August 5

February 5          First Baptist Church, Grass Valley July 1

March 4                Presbyterian Church, Moro         September 2

April 1                   Church of Christ, Wasco                October 7

May 7 (Thursday) Kent Baptist Church, Kent        November 4

June                      Methodist Church, Wasco            December 25

This will be my final post since the Sherman County eNews will be shut down.

~Red Gibbs

3. Influenza Season

hand.wash2North Central Public Health District (NCPHD) has received information showing that influenza season has come early to Wasco County. It is NOT TOO LATE to get vaccinated if you haven’t received your flu shot. Vaccination is the best way to prevent spread of the flu.

It is very important that we protect those most vulnerable to influenza. If you have a fever and upper respiratory symptoms, please delay visits to nursing homes, assisted living facilities, day care facilities and hospitals until at least 24 hours after your fever subsides.

If you visit a clinic or hospital because you are sick, please wear a mask, and continue to wear a mask in public until you have been fever free for 24 hours.

The preventive measures listed below will also help stop the spread of flu, but because people infected with the flu may infect others 1 day before they become sick, vaccination is still the best way to avoid catching and spreading the flu:

 Cover your cough and sneeze.

 Wash your hands often, using soap and warm water.

 Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.

 Limit close contact with those that are sick.

 Stay home when you’re sick. Protect others at school and work by staying home at least 24-hours after a fever (100+ degrees) subsides.

 Clean surfaces. Flu germs can live for hours on hard surfaces. Make sure your home and workspace are wiped down frequently, especially where children are playing.

Flu symptoms include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, runny or stuffy nose, headache, chills, fatigue, and sometimes nausea (more often in children than adults). Many respiratory viruses have similar symptoms, but influenza tends to be more severe. Having the flu is NO fun and can lead to hospitalization and sometimes death. For more information visit

4. Relationships

What can you do when you want to improve your marriage or close relationship, but your significant other seems to be content with the way things are?

Marriage or other close relationships offer us unique opportunities to grow. Sometimes, though, conflict arises when partners in romantic relationships have different visions of what the relationship should be like and different ideas about the direction it should take. When this happens, co-creating a future can be quite the challenge.

If you think your close relationship could use some work but your partner doesn’t, what do you do? Well, for starters, you don’t start blaming them for disagreeing with you and neither should you assume that there is something wrong with you. What you can do, instead, is share your visions with each other. Can you describe, as specifically as possible, without blaming or judging, just how you see the problem? Can you describe, just as specifically, what you see the future as being?

Sometimes professional couples counseling can be a great help in opening faulty lines of communication. Whether you decide to get help or not, make sure you stay focused on a vision of how the relationship will look when it is fixed, and maintain a non-blaming, non-judgmental attitude throughout. It isn’t always easy, but if you can take the emotion out of the situation long enough, the situation becomes clearer and possibly easier to manage when decisions need to be made.

Remember that disagreement doesn’t have to mean someone is wrong, and conflict can lead to greater harmony if it is handled properly. Think of it as clearing the rocks and brush out of the way, on your path to your shared future. ~The Pacific Institute

5. Oregon Century Farm & Ranch Program Seeks Applicants

Oregon.Flat.poleApplications are now being accepted for the 2020 award year for the Oregon Century Farm & Ranch Program. The application deadline is May 1, 2020. Families throughout Oregon who have continuously farmed portions of their family acreage for the past 100 or 150 years are invited to apply.

The Oregon Century Farm & Ranch Program began in 1958 to honor farm and ranch families with century-long connections to the land. To qualify for a century or sesquicentennial award, interested families must follow a formal application process. Members of the Application Review Committee review each application against the qualifications, which include continuous family operation of the farm or ranch; a gross income from farm use of not less than $1,000 per year for at least three years out of five prior to application; and family members must live on or actively manage the farm or ranch activities. Application documentation may include photos, original deeds, personal stories, or other historic records. These records help support Oregon’s agricultural history by providing valuable information about settlement patterns and statistics on livestock and crop cycles. All documents are archived for public access.

The Oregon Century Farm & Ranch application and program guidelines are available at, or by contacting Andréa Kuenzi at 503-400-7884 or

Successful applicants receive a personalized certificate with acknowledgment by the Governor and the director of the Oregon Department of Agriculture, and a durable metal roadside sign to identify the family’s farm or ranch as having historic Century or Sesquicentennial status. Each family will be honored during a special ceremony and reception at the Oregon State Fair on August 29, 2020.

Every Oregon farm and ranch has a unique history and special family story. The Oregon Century Farm & Ranch program encourages agriculture families to share these stories of century-long connections with a broader audience. By promoting family stories, rich cultural heritage is passed down to future generations while educating Oregonians about the social and economic impact of Oregon agriculture. To date, 1,227 families have formally received the Century designation and 46 families have received the Sesquicentennial Award.

The Oregon Century Farm & Ranch Program is administered by the Oregon Farm Bureau Foundation for Education. It is supported by a partnership between the Oregon Farm Bureau, the State Historic Preservation Office: Oregon Parks and Recreation Department, Oregon State University Libraries’ Special Collections & Archives Research Center, the Oregon Department of Agriculture, and by generous donations of Oregonians. For information about the Oregon Century Farm & Ranch Program, contact Andréa Kuenzi Program Coordinator, at 503-400-7884 or

6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

birdHappyOwlBrilliant Maps: Nunavut is the Largest Electoral District On Earth

Editorial: Ban on CBD in beer makes sense

Stores Around The State Begin To Prepare For Oregon’s Plastic Bag Ban

In 2020 Climate Science Needs To Hit The Reset Button, Part One

Oregon Humanities Magazine

WATCH YOUR LANGUAGE! Quotation marks are often misused, ‘amusingly’

Pentagon advises troops to not use consumer DNA kits, citing security risks

Military Times | Independent News | Free Subscription

Defense News | Politics, Business & Technology | Free Subscription

The White House Newsletter


Sherman County eNews #309


  1. Funeral Notice. Eileen Moreau, Jan. 2

  2. Sherman County Court News, Dec. 4

  3. Columbia Gorge Genealogical Society Program, Jan. 11

  4. Replacing the Negative

  5. Gratitude

  6. Sherman County Senior & Community Center January Meal Menu


Away in a manger, no crib for his bed,
the little Lord Jesus laid down his sweet head.
The stars in the bright sky looked down where he lay,
The little Lord Jesus asleep on the hay.

The cattle are lowing, the baby awakes,
but little Lord Jesus no crying he makes.
I love thee, Lord Jesus! Look down from the sky,
And stay by my side until morning is nigh.

~Lyrics unattributed; music by William J. Kirkpatrick in 1895

1. Funeral Notice. Eileen Moreau, Jan. 2

flower.rose.starEileen Moreau passed away on Wednesday, December 18th in Baker City. Her service will be held on Thursday, January 2nd at St. Mary’s Catholic Church in Wasco at 10 a.m. followed by a luncheon in the Wasco Parish Hall and burial at the Moro Cemetery.


2. Sherman County Court News, Dec. 4

ShermanCoLogoBy Administrative Assistant Tammi Gaskey 541-565-3416

DEQ TMDL Plan, County Mental Health Concerns, South Sherman Fire Chief Introduction & Financial discussion and New Fair Building were the main items on the agenda during the December 4th session of Sherman County Court in Moro.

Emily Freilich, NRCS, presented the John Day River Total Maximum Daily Load Implantation Plan as requested by Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ). The plan was requested by DEQ due to Sherman County being a designated management agency for the John Day Basin. She explained most of the items in the plan were already being executed, and those that are not, are being implemented. The Department of Environmental Quality required the plan be reviewed yearly and updated every 5 years. Court motioned to approve the Sherman County John Day River Total Maximum Daily Load Implantation Plan as presented, and authorize the Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) and the Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to provide an annual report, and update the plan every 5 years.

Brad Lohrey, Sheriff, explained the current mental health issues throughout the County and the school. Within the last five years his office had seen an increase in mental health related calls, but in the last year the number of calls to assist with mental health children in crisis at the School had significantly increased. He noted these types of incidents should not be dealt with by the Sheriff’s department; a trained mental health professional is needed.

Wes Owens, Sherman County School Superintendent, stated the School district had been trying to bring a mental health professional to the school, and in 2015 a grant was received for a part-time Mental Health Counselor, full-time Mental Health Therapist, part-time Counselor for the County, a vehicle and supplies. Mid-Columbia Center for Living (CFL) was to provide staff to fill the positions, but to date the positions remained unfilled. He stated the school was in high need of a Mental Health Professional, and better communication from CFL.

Sheriff Lohrey suggested the Court contact Community Counseling Solutions to see if they would be willing to help provide a Mental Health professional. He stated the surrounding counties are using them, and had good reviews. The Court conceded to discuss the issue further with CFL, and do further research on Community Counseling Solutions.

Brandon Hamilton, Interim South Sherman Fire Chief, gave an overview of his professional experience, and described the situation regarding the South Sherman Fire & Rescue District. He explained the District was in dire straits; financially and functionally. They had only two volunteers, though there were two additional volunteers in the works. Financially, the district was in a bind; a four-year grant was awarded in 2016, but the grant had been suspended due to funds issued in 2018 which had not been used for its intended purposes.  Hamilton explained that in order to get the district functional they would need financial assistance. The grant funds could be reinstated, but they would need to rectify the issue by purchasing the item the funds were intended for, and the district was not in a financial position to do so. He requested $60,000 to get the District back in order; $15,000 to reinstate the grant, $15,000 for vehicle repairs, $12,000 for an in-depth audit, and $18,000 for three months’ salary.

Brad Eakin, South Sherman Fire & Rescue Board president, described the struggles the Board had gone through since the previous fire chief resigned. He reiterated the needs of the district, and explained the necessity of employing Hamilton to get them operational again.

Shawn Payne, Emergency Services Director, explained that she and the other fire chiefs were supportive of South Sherman Fire & Rescue getting up and running. The other fire districts had been covering South Sherman, and having the district functional will alleviate the strain to provide coverage.  The Court asked Hamilton to come up with a written plan, and revisit the request in a month.

Bryce Coelsch, Fair Board, gave the Court an update on the proposed new Fair building. He explained that the cost estimate received was significantly higher than anticipated. The initial proposed budget was $3-4 million, and the cost estimate was roughly $5.8 million. Coelsch stated they would be working on other options in order to reduce the cost, and stay as close as possible to the proposed budget.

Actions taken by the Court included:

  • Approved the Order Directing Sale of Real Property, commonly known as 91415 Biggs-Rufus Hwy and 91413 Biggs-Rufus Hwy, Wasco, Oregon 97065.
    • Approved the 2019-20 John Day River Territory (JDRT) funding request in the amount of $4,000.
  • Approved the Community Renewable Energy Association (CREA) membership dues in the amount of $19,500; the SIP agreement amount for the 2019-20 Fiscal Year.
  • Authorized Extension Office Coordinator Sue Mabe to distribute Veggie RX coupons.
  • Reappointed Rick Jauken, for a 3-year term, to the Sherman County Fair Board.
  • Authorized Judge Dabulskis to sign easement agreements.
  • Approved the Minutes of November 6, 2019, as presented.
  • Approved the November 2019 Claims.
  • Approved the October 2019 Revenue/Expenditure Summary.
  • Approved the October 2019 Treasurer’s Report.

Topics of discussion were Fiber Easements, eNews, Commissioner Reports and Old Business.

3. Columbia Gorge Genealogical Society Program, Jan. 11

genealogy2The Columbia Gorge Genealogical Society will meet on January 11, 2020 in the downstairs classroom at the Columbia Gorge Discovery Center.  This month’s program will be the ” Individual Research Assistance” project. The project consists of members collaborating with other members in solving their research dead ends or brick walls. The project will run both January and February. Members are encouraged to bring their laptops and their research data.  A short business meeting will begin at 10:30 followed by the beginning of our research assistance project. There is no admission charge to the Discovery Center for attending our meetings. A $1.00 donation is appreciated to cover room rental.

4. Replacing the Negative

We have spent the last couple of days becoming aware of the negatives in our thoughts. Are you having trouble getting some of those negative thoughts to go away?

No one, not even the most optimistic person in the world, can think positively all the time. If we pay any attention to the daily news – and that is so easy to do – keeping negative thoughts at bay can be a real challenge. But successful people know how to get rid of their negative thoughts fast when they do appear.

Here’s a productive technique that originated with Matt Oechsli, a therapeutic hypnotist:

First, identify the thought that is bothering you. With most people, it is a fear of something. Is it failure? Rejection? Incompetence? Could it be illness or catastrophe? Being able to put a name to the problem is huge, as it brings it down to a manageable size and gives you a target.

Secondly, interrupt the problem thought by visualizing a candle flame and taking a long, deep breath. You cannot concentrate on two opposing thoughts at the same time, so you will find your fear diminishing, and the deep breathing triggers a relaxation response.

Third, eject it. As you exhale, imagine that you are breathing out the fearful or negative thought. See the candle flame flicker and go out as you blow it away with your breath.

Finally, replace it. Put a positive affirmation in its place, one that creates a replacement picture of what you want to think or feel. Then, repeat that affirmation several times, concentrating on creating a vibrant picture of whatever it is you want.

Remember: Identify, Interrupt, Eject and Replace. It will take some practice at first, but this is a technique that can help you learn how to take charge of your thoughts, and at the same time, you will be taking charge of your life. ~The Pacific Institute

5. Gratitude

ThankYou1“The pace of life can make us blur what is important: We are all very busy. That’s for sure, but somehow we must always make time for gratitude and new beginnings. There are moments in life when you appreciate someone so much that you just want to stop and applaud them. “Feeling gratitude and not expressing it,” said William Ward, “is like wrapping a present and not giving it.” Is there a teacher, leader, or mentor whose wisdom or guidance may have changed the trajectory of your life? Is there a customer who believed in you, a colleague who stood with you, a volunteer who served with you, an employee who moved mountains for you, or a friend who laughed or cried with you? Sometimes we can’t express exactly how we feel about them, but there’s one thing we can do: We can let them know that we are grateful.”

6. Sherman County Senior & Community Center January Meal Menu

Sherman County Senior & Community Center

Meal Menu

January 2020

We serve lunch at 12:00 noon sharp.  First come, first served.

If you have a group of 2 or more, please let the Kitchen staff know at 541-565-3191 the day before to ensure that we make enough food!

MEAL PRICING: Under 60 Yrs. $7.00 ~~ 60 Yrs. & Up $4.00 suggested donation!

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday
  1            2 3
CLOSED Navy Bean & Ham Soup Chicken Pot Pie
FOR Cornbread Veggies
NEW YEARS Veggies, Salad & Fruit Salad Bar & Dessert
6 7 8 9 10
Beef Burritos Oven Fried Chicken Pork Chops Korean Ground Beef Chicken Alfredo Lasagna
Refried Beans Au Gratin Potatoes Mashed Potatoes/Gravy Over Rice Veggies
Veggies, Salad & Dessert Veggies, Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert Veggies, Salad & Fruit Salad Bar & Dessert
13 14 15 16 17
Chicken Corn Chowder Mac & Cheese w/ Bacon Meatloaf Pork Enchiladas Verde Baked Fish
Grilled Cheese Veggies Mashed Potatoes/Gravy Mexican Rice Clam Chowder
Veggies, Salad & Dessert Salad Bar & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert Veggies, Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert
20 21 22 23 24
CLOSED Chicken Teriyaki Spaghetti w/ Meat Sauce Ground Beef Stroganoff Hot Ham & Cheese
FOR Rice Garlic Bread Egg Noodles Tater Tots
MLK DAY Veggies, Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert Veggies, Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert
27 28 29 30 31
Taco Salad w/ Beef Chicken Broccoli Quiche Shepherd’s Pie Sweet & Sour Meatballs Fish & Chips
Tortilla Chips Muffins Cheesy Biscuits Chow Mein Veggies
Veggies, Salad & Dessert Veggies, Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert Veggies, Salad & Fruit Salad Bar & Dessert

Menu subject to change due to availability

ATTENTION:  For those who have food allergies, be aware that a large variety of foods are prepared in the kitchen.  Therefore, meals may be prepared with ingredients and food service equipment may come in contact with ingredients to which you may have an allergic reaction, such as nuts.


Sherman County eNews #308


  1. Monday Coffee Hour at Wasco School Events Center

  2. Effective Public Service Announcements and News Releases

  3. Local History Preserved: Sherman County: For The Record

  4. Expression of Anger

  5. Give Your Family the Gift of Cultural Understanding – Host an Exchange Student

  6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

  7. Oregon Capital Insider Index: This week by the numbers

Stille Nacht / Silent Night

Silent night! Holy night! All is calm, all is bright,

Round yon Virgin Mother and Child; Holy Infant, so tender and mild,

Sleep in heavenly peace, Sleep in heavenly peace.

Silent night! Holy night! Shepherds quake at the sight,

Glories stream from heaven afar, Heavenly hosts sing Alleluia;

Christ the Saviour is born, Christ the Saviour is born.

Silent night! Holy night! Son of God, love’s pure Light

Radiant beams from Thy holy face, With the dawn of redeeming grace,

Jesus, Lord, at They birth, Jesus, Lord, at Thy birth.

Silent night! Holy night! Wondrous Star, lend thy light,

With the angels let us sing, Alleluia to our King,

Christ the Saviour is born, Christ the Saviour is born.

~Joseph Mohr, 1818; ascribed to Franz Gruber, 1818

1. Monday Coffee Hour at Wasco School Events Center

The Wasco School Events Center hosts Monday morning coffee hour from 10 to 11. Get together with old friends and make some new ones!

2. Editorial. Effective Public Service Announcements and News Releases

computer.keysOur wise friend Steve reminded us that we need to get the news out in Sherman County seven times, seven different ways! Here’s a start…

  1. Submit a short Public Service Announcement (PSA) to radio stations & newspapers. Who? What? Where? When? Why? How?
  2. Submit a news release, not a flyer, to The Times-Journal, The Dalles Chronicle and The Goldendale Sentinel.
  3. Strategically post flyers to reach the specific audience that visits retail establishments and post offices. Rural mail route residents are not so likely to see these flyers.
  4. Post the details – what, where, when, who, how and why – on the Sherman County Facebook page.
  5. Post the details – what, where, when, who, how and why – on your Facebook page.
  6. Send e-mail notes to family and friends.
  7. Tell and text your family, friends and neighbors… at The Farm Store, after church, at lunch at the senior center.

Good information on writing an effective news release is here: “If you’re trying to convince the media to publicize your story, or posting this on social media hoping others will share, think of Dale Carnegie and his book, How to Win Friends and Influence People.  “First, arouse in the other person an eager want. He who can do this has the whole world with him. He who cannot walks a lonely way.” The process is simple.  Not easy, but simple. The three most important elements are:

  • Write a short, catchy headline.
  • Get to the Point –summarize your subject in the first paragraph.
  • Body – Make it relevant to your audience.”

Continue here:  You’ll be prepared to get your organization’s news out in January, 2020!

3. Local History Preserved: Sherman County: For The Record

Sherman County: For the Record is a publication of the Sherman County Historical Society, a non-profit organization dedicated to preserving and sharing local history. –


Contents 1983-2011:

Contents 2012-2019 (by volume, number and year):

#30-1 2012

Sherman County Journal & Rural Newspapers by McLaren Stinchfield

Memories of a Sherman County Pioneer by J.A. Elder 1928

Navy Experiences, Memories of Easter 1966 by Doug Rhinehart

Harris Canyon Railroad Water Tower Restoration by Jerry Tanquist

Rev. Roy Harvey and Captain Joe Harvey by Joe Harvey

Columbia Southern RR Depot at Wasco by Susan Van Gilder Smith

The Caboose at the Wasco Depot

Pioneer Church Days by Harriet Nish 1927

Rhinehart Family – Coming to Oregon by Doug Rhinehart

The May Family Ranch at Grass Valley (Buckley, Rolfe) by Jean Anderson

Recipes for Margaret O’Meara’s Bridal Shower

The Tale of a Tail End, the Caboose by Les Bowser

#30-2 2012

The Making of an Exhibit: The Sherman County Journal by Sherry Kaseberg

Nina Rhinehart Fleckenstein & Regina Lee Gamble

Nursing School by Nina Rhinehart Fleckenstein

Halloween in Grass Valley by Jean Anderson

The Grass Valley Class of 1942 by Grace Zevely Busse, Emma Jean Eakin Smith & Dorothy Ball Morris

WWII Merchant Marine Experiences of Ted Carlson by Susan R. Smith

Biggs Arch & Oregon Geographic Names Board by Sherry Kaseberg

Stewart, Ball, Falk & Vannice Families by Richard L. Stewart

Old Barns in Sherman County by Carol MacKenzie

William Raymond by Susan R. Smith

#31-1 2013

Lt. Commander Gordon D. Helyer, U. S. Navy by Pat (Goodwin) Helyer

Doc Sanders, Veterinarian by Chris Sanders

Wasco Incorporated, 1898 from the Sherman County Journal 1951

Wasco, 1898 ~ The Dalles Times-Mountaineer

Grant – Our First Town by Sherry Kaseberg

A Mysterious Death at Grant by Mark Fields, Sherry Kaseberg & Chris Sanders

Old Time News: The People’s Republic, 1898 – 1899 compiled by Chris Sanders

Memorial Contributions by Christy Brown 

#31-2 2013

Early Pioneer Life Told by Frank Fulton by Aldruda Beletski

World War II Veterans Historic Highway by Dick Tobiason

Old Time News: Sherman County Observer, 1917 compiled by Chris Sanders

Sherman County Journal – 100 Years by Frederick K. Cramer

William & Harriet Graham compiled by Sherry Kaseberg

Catholic Churches in Sherman County by Bob Odell

Kent Baptist Church by J.R. Keeney

Miss Nora, Be Studious contributed by Joe Morrow

Holmes: Down East & Out West by Lauchie McMullin

Memorial Contributions by Christy Brown

#32-1 2014

The Adobe Point Kid, Part One by Harold Brown

History of Wasco School by C.A. Hockett

Zola, a Dream of a Town by Sherry Kaseberg

County Seat: Kenneth, Moro or Wasco? by Sherry Kaseberg

Moro 1898 from The Dalles Times-Mountaineer compiled by Chris Sanders

Dear Nora, Remember Me contributed by Joe Morrow (autograph album)

O’Sullivan by Dwight Scheer

Memorial Contributions by Christy Macnab

#32-2 2014

Fifty Years Ago: The December1964 Flood by Kathy McCullough and Julie Reynolds

Oregon’s Top 10 1900s Weather Events

An Aerial Survey by The Oregonian

The Slaughterhouse Gulch Project: Reducing Soil Erosion by Sandy Macnab

Roads, Bridges and the Railroad by Dewey Thomas with Mark Fields

Analysis and Abandonment from Rails to the Mid-Columbia Wheatlands

Sherman County Roads from Minutes of the County Court

A Favorite Christmas by Nell Coats Melzer

Girls are More Precious Than Trucks by Nancy Henrichs Simpson

A Watershed Event by Dean Ruggles

Terrible Erosion & Washed Out Bridges by John Hilderbrand with Mark Fields

A Sad Christmas by Roy Fanning

Hell, High Water and a Memorable Christmas by Christie Welk

Digging Out and Mopping Up by Larry Kaseberg

New Bridges Don’t Collapse by Sherry Woods Kaseberg

In the Care of Friends by Grace Zevely Busse

An Emergency Landing by Vada DeMoss

Muddy Boots & a Baby Shower by Rex Brown

The Adobe Point Kid: Part Two by Harold E. Brown

Memorial Contributions compiled by Christy Macnab. 

#33-1   2015

Power & Light on the Farm by Mark Fields & Chris Sanders

Model Sherman County Home from Sherman County Observer

Onion Syrup, Whiskey & Vaseline with Sugar by Frances Rolfe Mathews

Waterproofing the Kids by Forest Peters

Red Cross Water Safety Program: Part One by Sherry Kaseberg & Chris Sanders

The Adobe Point Kid, Part Three by Harold Brown

Memorial Contributions compiled by Christy Macnab

#33-2   2015

Young Athletes Branded With Range Marks of Ancestors, Other Stockmen

Growing Up in Grass Valley by Robert Ziegler

New Guinea, Philippines & Japan by Robert Ziegler

Hotel Sherman by Chris Sanders & Mark Fields

Kent Light Plant

James Hartley by Jean Zevely Anderson

The Adobe Point Kid: Part Four by Harold Eugene Brown

Red Cross Water Safety Program, Part Two by Sherry Kaseberg with Sheri Carlson, Cathie Martin & Fern Wilcox

Memorial Gifts compiled by Christy Macnab

#34-1 2016

Charlotte Ruggles Barnett by Terri Bibby

John Conroy by Anna Joyce

John & Julia Joyce and Family by Anna Joyce

Roy Powell Hauls Boiler to Railroad Builders by Jean Reckmann

Moro High School Optimist 1920

Henry Barnum on Raising Pigs, Sherman County Observer

Building a Grain Elevator at Grass Valley by Robert Ziegler

Stark Realities: The Gym at Kent by Mark Watson

Memorial Gifts

Photo of Baseball Team 1904

#34-2 2016 – No Publication

#35-1 2017

Three Ladies from Kent Celebrate 95th Birthdays:

Mary Fields by Terri Bibby

Anita Hooper by Keith Mobley

Eilene Eslinger by Eilene Eslinger & Leta Ann Reckmann

Patricia French Moore: Ink on Her Hands by Amber Tilton and Sherry Kaseberg

Memories of Ruby Petteys by Jean Zevely Anderson

Teaching School in Grass Valley by Dorothy Coyle Blagg

The Root Family by Robert F. Root

Miller Island: An Unexpected Chapter Part One by Sherry Woods Kaseberg

Wasco Auto Show Photos

#35-2 2017

Barnstormers: Let’s Put on a Play by Forest Peters

Mattie’s Hump & Dinty’s Café: “Eat, Sleep and Get Gas With Us” by Sherry Kaseberg with Teri Sanderson

History of the Sherman Seniors (1967) by Jane Macnab and Lois Kaseberg

Miller Island: An Unexpected Chapter Part Two by Sherry Woods Kaseberg

Memorial Gifts & Honorariums


Photo: Grass Valley Kindergarten 1954-55.

Photo: Moro Grade School 1st & 2nd Grades, 1956-57

#36-1 2018 Spring/Fall (no #36-2)

John Day Dam & Sherman County During the Construction Years by Gladys Wesley

Tracy and Jeanne Bird by Peggy Bird Allen

Interview of Charles and Norma Brown by Cindy Kaseberg Brown

The Dam Days of Wasco by Linda Macnab Krafsic

John Day Dam Dedication September 28, 1968 by Shirley Watkins Blaylock

Living in Sherman County During the 1960s by Nancy Grogan Bailey

Early, Oregon Inundated by John Day Dam Pool by George Fox, Sr. 1969

City Mouse, Country Mouse by Jennifer Macnab

Memorial gifts and Honorariums

#37-1 Spring/Summer 2019

Fire Destroys Elevator: Farmers Elevator Company Has Large Fire Loss at Moro

Kaseberg Cousins: The Journey from Germany to Oregon, an Oregon Trail Story by Augusta Kaseberg Copeland, Alice Kaseberg and Sherry Kaseberg

Township & Range System

The Morse Family, Mt. Hood Climb, the Columbia Southern Railroad Survey, and a Photograph by Alice Kaseberg

Helen White Bruckert by Sherry Woods Kaseberg

Grass Valley High School Class of 1942 by Grace M. Zevely Busse

Early Days Recalled by Former County Resident by W.E. Parry

James O. Elrod and Lawrence K. Moore by Gladys Wesley

A Crop Year’s Cycle Described by Sherman County Poet Farmer by H.B. Belshee

Memorial Gifts and Honorariums

Photo of Moro Main Street.

#37-2 2019

Sherman High School Foreign Exchange Students:

Simo Juhani Raula 1964-1965 by Simo Raula

Penthip “Penny” Saeheng Chitchumnong 1965-1966 by Penny Chitchumnong

Paul Patrick Murphy, 1979-1980 by Paul Murphy

Alba Patricia “Patty” Sanchez by 1986-1987 by Deanna Padget

Else Bach Rasmusssen 1994-1995 by Else Rasmussen

Sherman County Courthouse Facility Project History by Ron McDermid

Public Art: Itinerant Sign Painters and Artists by Sherry Kaseberg

Memorial Gifts

4. Expression of Anger

Driving in to work today, it was probably easy to notice that there are a lot of angry people out there. Angry adults, unfortunately, provide angry role models for the children in their lives. All of us, not just parents and grandparents, should be concerned about teaching our children to deal with anger in nonviolent ways.

Violence, which can be defined as intense anger, expressed in a way that hurts others, is something no parent wants their children to experience. Yet, it can be difficult to know what to do about it, when examples of it are so easily accessible on television, in the movies, and all over social media.

Parents may say, “Don’t feel this way,” or “Don’t behave this way,” to their kids, but it has little or no effect. What does work? First, teach your kids to differentiate between violent feelings, which everyone has from time to time, and violent behavior, which should not be condoned or tolerated.

Then, set a good example. Children imitate and learn from what they see. This doesn’t mean that you don’t fly off the handle once in a while, but it does mean that most of the time you keep your temper under control. Parents also want to set firm limits on physical expressions of hostility and violence. Over time, this helps kids develop their own internal system of self-control.

At the same time, you want to give your kids safe outlets for expressing hostile or angry feelings. Help them tell you what they are feeling in words, or say something like, “I know you are really mad at your brother right now and feel like you might want to hit him. I can’t let you do that. That is not right. How can we channel that negative energy into something more productive?”

Then, bring the child into the decision-making process (in an age-appropriate manner), to find positive ways to channel those feelings. You are helping them develop their own replacement picture for a positive end result – a skill that will prove invaluable throughout their lives. And, by turning a “have to” into a “want to,” you both will have greater success in changing destructive behavior patterns that can follow the child into adulthood. ~The Pacific Institute

5. Give Your Family the Gift of Cultural Understanding – Host an Exchange Student
Give the ultimate gift of cultural understanding by hosting a foreign exchange student this upcoming year!  ASSE International Student Exchange, a public benefit organization, is seeking local host families for high school students from over 30 countries: Spain, Germany, Thailand, Denmark, Portugal, South Korea, Italy, France, The former Soviet Union Countries, Norway and more!

Couples, single parents, and families with & without children in the home are all encouraged to host!  You can choose to host a student for a semester or for the school year.

Each ASSE student is fully insured, brings his/her own personal spending money and expects to contribute to his/her share of household responsibilities, as well as being included in normal family activities and lifestyles.

Imagine the world of peace and greater understanding. Imagine yourself as part of the solution! Today’s teens are tomorrow’s parents, international business people and possibly even future political leaders!  Share your corner of America by helping a foreign exchange student experience life in your area!

Local area representatives are also needed to recruit and screen both potential host families and potential U.S. students interested in studying abroad. Representatives supervise the exchange students living in their community, organize activities with the students throughout the year and provide support to host families, students and schools. Area representatives receive a stipend for each student placed and supervised.

For more information, call (800) 733-2773, go online at or email

6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

Oregon Online Historical Newspapers

RSVP Etiquette for Guests and Hosts: The Newest Manners for This Fading Art

Sherry’s Sherman County History Collection

What the Two Best Holiday Ads of 2019 Have in Common

Merkley, Wyden tout spending bill items to benefit Oregon

State foster care consultants wrap up $3.5 million contract

In a Politically Polarized Era, Sharp Divides in Both Partisan Coalitions

Christianity Today: Trump Should Be Removed from Office

Will there be enough electricity after coal plants shut down?

Pacific Northwest Volcano Forecast To Erupt Within 4 Years

Unaffiliated Voters

BLM argues against revoking Hammonds’ grazing permits 

7. Oregon Capital Insider Index: This week by the numbers

ORStateFlagCreated: 19 December 2019 | Written by Oregon Capital Insider

Here are 10 numbers that illustrate some of this week’s big, and small, Oregon news stories.

20: The number of feet cars must park away from an intersection under Oregon law. But state law gives cities leeway. Pedestrian advocates are lobbying the Portland City Council to line up with state law, according to Willamette Week.

2: Proposed ballot measures Secretary of State Bev Clarno rejected Thursday, according to environmental coalition Renew Oregon. Each would have required Oregon to ditch electricity sources that emit carbon in 25 years. 

108: Pages of an investigative report released Thursday finding that a Washington state representative, Matt Shea, helped plan and promote the 2016 armed takeover of a federal wildlife refuge in Eastern Oregon, according to OPB. 

4: Oregon representatives — all Democrats — who voted in favor of both articles of impeachment Wednesday, according to The Oregonian. The lone “no” in Oregon’s U.S. House delegation was Republican Greg Walden.

0: CBD-infused alcohol that Oregonians will be able to buy starting Jan. 1. The Oregon Liquor Control Commission adopted a ban on beer and liquor infused with the non-psychoactive ingredient in cannabis, per OPB.

$35,000,000: Federal money allocated by Congress for new irrigation pipes in Central Oregon, according to OPB.

1975: Year Lori Gregory (then Lori Hitt) graduated from Forest Grove High School. Forty-four years later, a stranger found her class ring in her garden and returned it to Gregory, according to The Oregonian. 

4-8: Inches of rain coastal areas of the Northwest can expect to receive through Saturday, according to CNN. 

$11,500: Amount state regulators are fining the Oregon School for the Deaf for hazardous waste violations, according to The Statesman-Journal.

22: Containers of unused pesticides and chemicals regulators found at the school in a storage shed, the Statesman-Journal reports.


Sherman County eNews Special Edition H

Sherman County eNews Special Edition H


People give to non-profit organizations because they:

  • are asked (the #1 reason!)
  • believe in the cause
  • experience peer pressure or guilt
  • believe it’s good for their business
  • want to give back for services received
  • feel good about it
  • receive status & ego
  • receive a tax deduction
  • want to build community
  • like to have fun at fundraising events
  • want to change the world
  • want to make a difference.

Notes from the book, Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership, by P. Burke Keegan… by chapter…

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #1

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan

Why Non-profits?

  • Non-profit organizations exist to meet a need or solve a problem that exists outside of them. Some problems are everyone’s problem; some needs are those we all share. Think St. Vincent de Paul Society.
  • Need comes first.
  • Services and programs follow identification of the need. Think food bank, child care, museums.
  • What does your non-profit offer to meet the community’s needs?
  • What will happen for what people at what cost?
  • Where will the money come from?
  • Who do you need to help you?
  • How do you want to grow over the coming years?
  • Until your BUSINESS PLAN is in place, your organization is not ready for fundraising.

The Non-profit as a Business

  • In the for profit world, the business plan is the blueprint for production and sales.
  • In the non-profit world, services are more difficult to quantify. Think Theater Group buying wood, paint, costume fabric.
  • Quantifying hidden costs requires diligent efforts… the cost-equivalent of those who bring refreshments, use their own telephones, materials and tools.
  • Having a business plan means knowing what your services cost, including staff time, materials used, rent, utilities, accounting. What does it cost to serve each client, produce each concert, cook each meal.

Donors are becoming more sophisticated and want to see that you’re watching the balance sheet as well as the program!

Looking into the future:

  • Having a business plan means taking the time to figure out where you are going and how you will get there.
  • Know your costs. Count the cost of fundraising.
  • What will the need look like in five years, ten years?
  • Finding time to plan is always a struggle.
  • Good, realistic planning is the MOST IMPORTANT GIFT you can give your organization!

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #2

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

  1. Do you believe that fundraising is something like begging?
  2. Beggars ask another person to do something and the other person gets nothing in return.

Fundraising is very different!

  • What we are raising money for is something of value.
  • The something of value is your program.
  • Asking people for money for your program is, in fact, inviting them to be your organization’s partner in making something of value happen.
  • They are busy making a living, going to work, driving their children to music lessons. But do not presume that they do not care about the work of your organization.
  • You invite them to write a check, giving them an opportunity to feel as good as you do about the program.

Non-profits and the Corporate Sector.

  • Of course, non-profit organizations are businesses. They make up more than 8% of the national product. They buy computers, housing, paper and cars. They employ people.
  • For profit businesses do not exist to give away money. They exist to make money. See Tom Peters’ book, In Search of Excellence.
  • Start running your organization as though it were a business.
  • Find creative ways to expose your organization to the community as a business. Join the Chamber of Commerce. Serve on civic committees. Image is important here.
  • Involve other business people in the governing of your organization. Not all business people, or all-anything on your board, but a diverse, rich-in-experience board.
  • Consider asking business people to help develop your budget, plan fundraising campaigns, audit your books.

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

Who do you serve?

  • Make a list of those you serve, whose lives are affected because you exist, your audience, clients, all kinds of folks who benefit from your work.

Who Needs the Arts?

  • Arts organizations typically focus on their audience as the primary group served.
  • What about needs met by the folks making money on the hall rental, the performers, artists, the Board members?
  • The graying of the audience… people who attend live performances and visit museums tend to be older, and younger people are not taking their places. Older people tend to have money to spend on performances.
  • Without music, math has little purpose.
  • Whose job is it, as school budgets are cut, leaving out arts and music and other enrichment programs, to educate young people to appreciate and understand the arts? Whose job is it to draw in the curious, undereducated young adults?
  • Ultimately this problem will fall on the empty museums and concert halls.
  • It’s in everyone’s best interest to challenge the arts to replace their vision with a broader one, to look way beyond their audience to the greater community.
  • If the organization is a 501(c)(3), their tax exempt status means that they have a responsibility to the community in which they live.

A Word about Free Social Welfare Programs

  • Working in the social services means that you must focus on what is right in front of you, your clients.
  • And… stand back and look out to the larger community beyond them in search of partnerships.
  • Do you provide free services to the indigent? Are your programs free of charge?
  • If so, think about the message you are giving to your clients, donors and the community.  Giving others the opportunity to write a check and become a partner is the real heart and soul of fundraising. People with money can be proud and take joy in helping others.

Beyond the Board: Inviting Community Input

  • Look to the community for partnerships, good-hearted volunteers who want to help your organization.
  • New blood opens your organization to the community. Recruitment of volunteers with energy and commitment takes a tremendous amount of energy.
  • The status quo, keeping board members forever, has a few problems: old age and death, burn-out before old age and death, difficulty in finding new donors when your askers never change, your organization becomes identified with a particular “circle,” and board members fall into a predictable routine.

Old board members and founders have valuable experience and donor connections. Strive for a balanced board that is representative of your community.

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #4

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

How Foundations Fit into Your Fundraising Picture

  • The best thing for your organization is to have thousands of hands holding it up! Not one or two foundations or benefactors.
  • Going to foundations for money makes sense if:
    • You want to start up a new program
    • You have a new project you are itching to launch
    • You need technical assistance money to hire an expert to help you take the next big step.
  • Foundation grants by themselves do not make you stable.

Where do Corporations Belong in Your Strategy?

  • Corporations are part of the community and may be open to partnerships.
  • Corporate motives to support your organization may include smart advertising, name recognition, and genuine community good will.
  • Corporate executives are accountable to their stockholders.

Attitudes about Government Money

  • Untold numbers of non-profits believe they are entitled to government support, and a good argument could be made for this case.
  • Counting on government funding is the most foolish thing a non-profit can do! Ask the libraries and public schools!
  • If you think you are entitled to government funding, get over it.
  • Governmental support for non-profits is:
    • Quirky, shifting with political breezes
    • So full of strings!
    • Expensive. Reporting requirements are ridiculously bureaucratic and time-consuming.
    • Hard to get.
    • Political.

The only really reliable source of funds for non-profits is the COMMUNITY!

  • If people write checks to your organization, thank them, communicate with them… they will stay with you!

They will thank you for the good work you are doing!

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #5

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

So what is fundraising, anyway?

  • Terrifying!
  • Necessary.
  • Fun?
  • Mysterious.
  • Something like begging? No.  Beneath me? No.

Start by thinking about why the work of your organization is of value to your community.

  • What about your program makes you feel good?
  • Recognize that the work you are doing is something of value.
  • If you have trouble identifying that value, fundraising will be difficult, if not impossible.
  • An equation: The good things that are happening for people are equal to the money that makes those good things happen.
  • Fundraising is NOTHING like begging!
  • Fundraising gives others the opportunity to give something of value to make something of value happen.
  • As soon as your organization decides that fundraising will not work, they are absolutely correct. It will not work.
  • Back up and take another look. Without commitment, no strategy will work. When there’s commitment, there’s no strategy that won’t work.


  • The work we do comes from the community, so good community-based fundraising means going out to the community and giving people the opportunity to write a check to meet their own need, solve a problem or provide a needed service.
  • Ownership is a big, important word in fundraising. The feeling you get when you write a check for a non-profit and read about it in the newspaper… ownership, connectedness, invested.
  • Stay focused on the fact that you raise money for people… not projects. What people? What services for the people?
  • People give to people … when asked.


  • Most non-profits exist hand-to-mouth. Enough money to get by the next __ months.
  • Non-profit does not mean NO profit. It means that individuals in your organization may not profit from your organization’s work.
  • Fundraising from a crisis mentality isn’t a good argument, makes you look flaky. The only crisis you may take out to the community when you are asking for money is the crisis that would affect the community and the people you serve if you did not exist.


  • Wall of time… enough time to do events, enough money for postage, enough volunteers to do the work. Over and over each year.
  • Wall of fear of fundraising. Rejection. Courage.
  • Potential donors are rejected because we don’t want to ruin friendships, or ask our friends, clients or volunteers, or ask those who we think don’t have money to

The ASK.

  • Call to make an appointment. Do your homework, know what you want to ask and why.
  • Tell the truth in your relationship with the donor. Be an open book.  Absolutely honest.
  • All non-profits exist to serve the common good. The community will be more inclined to be involved, donating money and time, if they are welcomed into the process.

Fundraising brochures.

  • Just enough words to make the reader want to know more.
  • Accompany the asker on a face-to-face ask, or it goes in a letter that requests money.
  • Must be beautiful and readable, too good to throw away.
  • Must be proofread by at least three people. Read it backwards, word by word.

A good fundraising brochure DOES include:

  • Great photos
  • Lots of white space
  • Opportunities for the donor
  • Your organization’s address and phone number
  • Soothing, warm colors
  • A brief explanation of how the money is used and what your organization does to enrich the world
  • Up-beat, readable phrases with bullets or very short sentences.

A good fundraising brochure does NOT:

  • Resemble a thesis.
  • Contain a complete history of your organization.
  • Contain irrelevant photos and miniscule type, impossible to open, read or understand.
  • Contain inserts that fall out when you open it.
  • Include a coupon for the prospect to clip and send in.
  • Ask for money.
  • Focus on more than three ways to give.

Focus on Fundraising Priorities.

  • Focus on the donor
  • Focus on why a particular fundraising activity is happening, then make sure it happens
  • “What do we want to have happen here?” Make a list.
  • “How much money do we want to raise? How little can we tolerate making?”
  • What media is best suited to our purposes?
  • What is the minimum gift we consider major? How will we honor those givers?
  • Focus on the goals. Write them down. Put them where you will see them every day.
  • Do not get distracted by frustrated board members, needy volunteers.

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #6

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

The Myths of Competition

  • In non-profit arts organizations there is fierce competition for audience… competing with each other and with VCRs, sporting events, movies and school functions.
  • In non-profit social services organizations, there is enough need to keep everyone busy. It’s imperative that social services keep track of their community’s needs and work together to split up the pie and share resources.

The Myth of the Fixed Pot

  • Looking for a pot of money?
  • The myth that there is just so much to go around has left non-profits to fight each other.
  • There are so many non-profits out there asking. How can we compete?
  • The pot is not fixed. 40% of people feel they do not give enough. The reason? They are not asked.


  • People who give to non-profits generally have a variety of issues they care about. Very few give to just one issue.
  • The reasons donors stop giving to a non-profit is that they lose their shirts in the stock market, lose confidence in the non-profit’s ability to do what it did when they first invested, or they are not appreciated.
  • You must keep doing what you do… better and better! Thank your donors! If you don’t, they will go away.

There is plenty of room for excellence in fundraising.

  • Yes, it is incredibly hard, time-consuming and scary… and it will succeed directly in proportion to the seriousness of the commitment of the organization’s Board, staff and volunteers!
  • Folks who offer to get involved but refuse to take action will be of moderate service to your organization.
  • When you hear, “I’ll try” from your board colleagues, keep in mind that the words, “I’ll try” do not belong in fundraising.
  • Do it or don’t.

Why people give:

  1. Belief in the cause
  2. Peer pressure
  3. Good for business
  4. To give back for services received
  5. To change the world
  6. Fun to come to an event
  7. Status, ego
  8. Recognition
  9. Feels good
  10. Tax deduction
  11. To build community
  12. Guilt
  13. To make a difference.
  14. And the list goes on.. and all of these motives are valid.

AND, the most important motive?

  • I was asked!
  • The right person has to ASK the right person for the right amount at the right time.
  • That’s all there is. Special events, direct mail, membership drives… all window dressing.

The ASK is the heart of fundraising!

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #7

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

What do people want in return for their gift?

  1. First and foremost, they want their need to contribute met.
  2. The sense that their gift made a difference, knowing what their money will do.
  3. Ongoing involvement, communication, thank you letter, recognition, participation.

Whose job is it?

  • Fundraising cannot be done by one person, no matter who that person is. One person can be in charge, organizing and motivating others.
  • Ideal staffing for non-profit fundraising is, quite simply, EVERYONE! Board, staff and community volunteers.
  • The ideal situation is called “AGREEMENT TO FUNDRAISE” … everyone commits to doing their part.
  • The Fundraising Plan is drafted by the person with the most experience in fundraising, it is hashed out with staff, refined and presented to the board.
  • It is the Board’s opportunity to find, one by one, where they fit in the Plan, and roll up their sleeves for the task.

Making Your Case. Attracting Donors.

  • Learn how to talk about the work you do in human terms…. As compared to the writing done for grants and agency reporting, something like, “March was an exciting month for us…  …”
  • Not just your mission and goals.
  • It must come from your heart and leave the listener or reader with a vivid picture of how you are affecting lives of the people in your community.
  • Writing a descriptive case statement helps you explain what your organization does for people, how you change lives, what difference you are making in the community, why people are involved, who they bring with them.
  • Tell your story!

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #8

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

How to use direct mail to build a community base.

  • Make a great list.
  • Do NOT use the phone book or lists of people who bought BMWs last year.
  • Share lists with an organization with a donor or membership list likely to be sympathetic with your issues/programs.

A great list:

  1. You have reason to believe that the people on the list might like to know what you are doing, care about your cause or issue, and might be moved to give money.
  2. The list does not contain too many present donors or expired addresses.


  • A great letter.
  • A response device so donors can tell you about themselves and indicate the size of their gift.
  • A return envelope for the check or pledge.
  • And… in addition, a brochure, news clippings.


  1. Short and sweet.. people are busy. Get to the point. Say what you want.
  2. What you want is money… a check or a pledge. Say the amount. “Your $25 will …….”
  3. Do not take an organizational crisis out into the community. If you cannot meet payroll, you should not be attempting direct mail in the first place.  Don’t hide your crisis, or lie about it, but donors deserve the truth. Donors making an investment in your organization have heard pleas for help too many times, wondering why you are cutting it so close, whether you know how to manage money, and why you can’t run your organization like a business.


  1. Make it simple.
  2. Name, address. Space to fill in with optional information.
  3. Suggested amounts with boxes to check off.


  1. Pay the postage for donors.
  2. The expensive way is to put a first class stamp on every envelope.
  3. Less expensive is to secure a Business Reply Permit and you will pay only for envelopes returned… but each piece will cost more than the first class stamp.
  4. A nice touch… ask the donor to add a stamp and save your organization the ___ cents.
  5. An example… a letter with the top left corner chopped or torn off… the first line reading, “We’ve cut every corner we can, and now we’re coming to you.”  This approach, however, does take a crisis to the public.

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #9

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

How to conduct a membership / fundraising drive.

  • A volunteer-intensive effort to reach potential donors through direct personal contact.
  • Not a direct mail campaign, not a phonathon.
  • Volunteers will solicit their friends, families and co-workers in person.
  • Face-to-face solicitation is the most effective way to raise money.
  • It is also the cheapest.

Setting your goal.

  • Can you name 100 people who can raise $100 each?
  • Ten people who can raise $500 each?
  • Judge your capabilities realistically.

Meeting your goal.

  • Fundraising drives may last up to six weeks, or be as short as 48 hours.
  • Everyone will complain that they didn’t have enough time.
  • 60% of the money will come in during the last few minutes of the campaign.
  • Volunteers can meet their goal any way they want… soliciting co-workers, calling friends, writing notes to acquaintances.

Recruiting and training fundraising volunteers.

  • Identify volunteers who will follow through.
  • They must know everything that is expected of them. Be realistic.
  • The more realistic you can be with your expectations, the more likely they will be to bow out if it is not for them or sign on with full knowledge of what they will need to do.
  • Write a job description … what you want the volunteer to do!

Job description for the fundraising volunteer:

  1. Write a check. It is very difficult to ask someone to do something that you yourself are not willing to do. The first dollar commitments should come from your fundraising volunteers… your board, members, other volunteers.
  2. Meet their goal. Everyone has to commit to the goal.
  3. Get trained. This is not negotiable. Give each fundraising volunteer a packet of information, brainstorm about who they will ask and give them an easy-to-remember description of what your organization does and why.
  4. Understand and use the packet of information. Financial statements, brochures, membership applications, copies of news clippings, list of Board members, a brief history… anything relevant that will help them answer questions.
  5. Attend. Launch your campaign with a kick-off party. Celebrate with a victory party.

Publicizing your fundraising drive.

  • Public service announcements and news releases are never done to bring in donors.
  • People raise money.

PR for your campaign keeps the volunteers excited and reminds them that they are involved in a wonderful activity!

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #10

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

A few notes on

Special Events

  • A need for celebration, affirmation and just silly fun in our oh-so-serious lives!
  • Done right, special events are a lot of fun!
  • It can be your gift to the community, a time to put aside everyday matters, to show support
  1. Review your fundraising plan!
  2. What place to events have in your plan?
  3. Maximum, 2 events per year.
  4. Know exactly why you are doing the event, set clear goals, choose your event and get help.
  5. Rule of thumb: be able to name 50% of your guests, have a good community base and an indication of broad-based interest and support.
  6. Do you really have agreement to do the event? Is this a Board event, not a staff event? Is the Board 100% committed to doing it. Each having agreed to take a major chunk of the work, to be available  for x hours for x weeks?  Is the Board going to bring their friends, spend money appropriately?
  7. Do you have enough enthusiastic core volunteers?
  8. Do you have the money to meet pre-event expenses?

Choose your event:

  • House Social
  • Public Party
  • Theme/Extravaganza


  • Realistic, even generous.
  • The cost of EVERYTHING, even if you are working on sponsorships.
  • Include all the details that you can predict: insurance, extra hires, invitations, hall rental, staff costs.
  • Set revenue goals that will stretch but not dismay your volunteers.
  • Make sure everyone agrees on the general budget bottom line, knowing that line items may change.

Choose a team…

  • One person in charge of the event who knows, but does not do, everything.
  • To be named chairperson of this event is an honor, a prize. If you have to beg, you are asking the wrong person.
  • Look at the tasks, write job descriptions for each one, include deadlines, lines of communication, expectations, limitations and rules.
  • Be very clear about what you want your team to do.
  • Honor your volunteers for their successes… loud and clear!

Underwriting and sponsorship:

  • You should have a cash sponsorship program so businesses, corporations, interest groups and individuals can give you money in return for mention in or during your program. This is your absolute best way to make money on an event.
  • Underwriting is a fancy way to describe a cash gift that is earmarked to fund one piece of your event…. Printing, transportation, sound system, musicians, etc.
  • Name early sponsors and underwriters on the invitation.
  • Spend money on a post-event display ad in the paper recognizing donors.

Selling tickets.

  • Advertising does not sell tickets. Great ideas do not sell tickets. ONLY PEOPLE SELL TICKETS!
  • Encourage every Board member, volunteer and staff person to invite a group of friends who will sit at their table and participate together in some way.
  • Everyone in your organization, EVERYONE, is expected to sell tickets.


  • Write a really good thank you letter.
  • Thank donors as graciously and as specifically as you solicited them. Use some humor, a light touch.
  • Ask your entire organizational family to support the businesses which supported you!


  • How much money did we make?
  • How did we make it? Why?
  • What worked? What didn’t?
  • Evaluate the event right away… do the numbers, take stock. Your record keeping has to be impeccable.

Ask yourselves:

  1. Who supported our event?
  2. Who bought tickets? Who actually came?
  3. Did we meet our attendance and income goals?
  4. How well was our event organized? Did our organizational structure work?
  5. Who actually did the work?
  6. How much did the event cost?
  7. How much did it cost if staff/volunteer time is factored in?
  8. What went right with each part of our event? What went wrong?
  9. Was it worth it?

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #11

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

How to work with the Media:

  • Submit news stories, regular press releases and Public Service Announcements [PSAs] in the proper format to announce all the great things you are doing.
  • Invite media personnel to serve on your board or chair the PR committee for a year. Give them a chance to help out with your event or program… cook the pancakes, ride along with Meals on Wheels.
  • Write your own feature stories … complete with great black and white photographs and offer them to weekly newspapers looking for stories as fillers.
  • Develop your own news release list: print, radio and cable.

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #12

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan. [This book is one of many offered at no cost to Ford Institute Leadership Program participants!] 

Working with Volunteers.

  • More than one in four people over the age of 13 volunteer.
  • More than 70% are willing to volunteer.
  • Volunteers in programs and fundraising keep organizations cost-effective and alive!
  • 1/3 of your volunteers are leaders and will take initiative and get things done.
  • 1/3 are good followers and will carry on very well, given good leadership.
  • 1/3 are flakes  and will never follow through no matter what.
  • Honor your volunteers for their accomplishments, and by having your act together in terms of planning, materials and leadership.

Find your volunteers!

  • Decide what you want volunteers to do.
  • Recruit among your board, staff and current volunteers, then broaden your approach.
  • Advertise in the classifieds, get the word out.

Use them well!

  • Offer a gracious, sincere interest in your volunteers.
  • Provide a full job description – exactly what the task is, when it must be done, budget and lines of authority – and appropriate training.
  • Share your expectations honestly.
  • Offer a volunteer packet… a bunch of stuff they will need… event/campaign/activity description, timeline, letter of introduction to prospective donors, job description, committee/board lists, organization brochure… and a hearty thank you.
  • Have you chosen volunteers who already know how to throw a great party, speak in front of groups or write great letters?
  • Does everyone have a job description?
  • Do they know how their jobs fit in the big picture?
  • Have they agreed to do that job?
  • Is there  a clear beginning, middle and end?
  • Do you have all the information you need from the volunteer… and for the volunteer?
  • Are there clear lines of authority?
  • How will you honor your volunteers?

You may, indeed, have to fire one of them!

  • In fact, you must fire them if they are not doing their job!
  • It’s about raising money for your valuable work to carry on… not about abandoning professionalism because someone’s feelings might get hurt.
  • First try to find out what’s wrong… what information might fix the problem, set some mini-deadlines for the volunteer to meet and check with him/her often to see how it’s going.
  • If it’s still not working out,  thank them for their effort and gently but clearly take the task away and give it to someone else. The volunteer is likely to be relieved rather than angry.
  • People like to belong to a group in which everyone pulls his or her own weight, with an activity that is exciting and moving in the right direction and where everyone feels utterly appreciated. This won’t happen if some folks work and others are let off the hook for whatever reason. You compromise the integrity of the group, and once that happens you’ll see the fabric of commitment and energy start to unravel.

The Famous Six Steps of a Project!

  1. Enthusiasm
  2. Disillusionment
  3. Panic
  4. Search for the guilty
  5. Punishment of the innocent
  6. Praise and honors for the nonparticipants.

Thank them!

  • Reward your three types of volunteers accordingly …
    • 1/3 of your volunteers are leaders and will take initiative and get things done.
    • 1/3 are good followers and will carry on very well, given good leadership.
    • 1/3 are flakes  and will never follow through no matter what.
  • Leaders. In addition to warm formal and informal letters, mementos and public kudos… thank your leader volunteers personally… at a board meeting, annual meeting or an open house. Write feature stories for the local newspaper. Do something special! Ask your leaders to join the Board. It’s always a compliment to be offered a bigger job with more responsibility.
  • Followers. Most are reliable worker bees, the ones who pick up the flowers, assemble activity materials, and go with someone to ask for money. They deserve to be thanked and rewarded for the work they do, right along with their leaders.
  • Deadwood. Thank them with a letter for offering to help. Do not credit them with any activity for which they volunteered but did not work. Add their name to the list: People Never to be Trusted with Responsibility Again.

Volunteer recognition parties.

  1. Formal or informal, a gathering or luncheon.
  2. ALWAYS WRITE THANK YOU NOTES (hand-written, personal… as well as formal letters from the Board) to your volunteers.
  3. Always thank them publicly… in your newsletter or display ad in the local paper.

Give them a small memento to remind them of your organization and appreciation.

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #13

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

Working with Foundations.

  • A foundation is a tax exempt organization set up to give money away.
  • The foundation develops criteria for giving it away.
  • You can learn all about foundations at your local library.
  • [Sherman County Public/School Library and the Commission on Children and Families have copies of the Oregon Foundation DataBook.]

So you want to get a grant?

There are several problems with using foundation grant-writing as your primary fundraising strategy.

  1. Of all the money given in a single year by corporations, individuals, foundations and through bequests, foundation giving accounts for only about 5%. Corporate giving is another 5%, bequests 10%, and individual giving accounts for the remaining 80%.
  2. Foundations like new, start-up programs or special projects, and generally will not fund on-going operating costs. They want to know how you will sustain a project once they fund it.
  3. The current success rate (1990) for grants is about 7%. … … 93% of grant applications are turned down. The primary reason is that nonprofits take a shot-gun approach to grant-writing. They write “the definitive grant” asking for $50,000, copy it and send it to every foundation in the book. Wrong!
  4. Research, matching the foundation to your mission and geographic location, is the key. Each request must be tailored to the particular focus of the foundation you are approaching.
  5. The longer you rely on grants and ignore building your base of individual donors, the more project-oriented and dependent you will be.
  6. Good research takes time and is on-going.

Grant writing.

  • Grant writing is un-necessarily mystified.
  • Every foundation requires a slightly different approach.
  • Read the guidelines and follow them… to the letter.
  • Use descriptive phrases.
  • Avoid buzz words and phrases used in government grant applications, and make a list of buzz words that fit your organization (instead of units of service, say patients in our clinic).
  • Do not assume that funders understand the importance of what you do!
  • Get as much grant-writing training as you can.

How to approach a foundation.

  • Begin with exhaustive research!
  • Know what the foundation will fund, how much their average grant is, how to approach them, who else they fund.
  • If the foundation is staffed and open to receiving phone calls, by all means call them. Tell them what you have in mind and see if it seems fundable.
  • Go see them… or meet them at the occasional fundraising event.
  • Follow their guidelines! Send them what they want. If they request your by-laws, send them. Don’t make them call you.
  • A fine, well-thought-out presentation makes a difference… pleasant to look at, with photographs, graphs, art work as appropriate. Not too slick.
  • You must make a great case for need and your ability to spend it well.
  • Avoid: video tapes unless requested, tiny print, spelling errors, confusing financial data, too many words, trying to make it sound like more than it is, trying to take a need for operating monies and making it sound like a new and exciting project, and hiding the request in text.
  • Avoid assuming that they know what you do. Spell it out… what services or performances you gave last year and what you intend to do this year.
  • Remember to thank them! Send them your wonderful newsletter, keep them on your mailing list and treat them like major donors. They are!

Evaluation of Success.

  • Question on the grant application: How will you evaluate the success of this project?
  • This is a wonderful opportunity for your organization to check in with the community to make sure you really are meeting a need.
  • How do you know you are meeting a community need?
  • If your organization is a 501(c)(3), you have an obligation as a citizen of the community you are serving to make that community a better place. If society gives you dispensation from taxes, it is because you are performing a service that the community needs. Not the service the audience or patient needs, but community.
  • Every 3-4 years, get out into the community and find out if you are really meeting a need. What can an arts organization do for the community besides sing and dance? They can educate children, adults, local politicians about the importance of the arts in the community, network with other organizations to make sure they are all relevant, efficient and of high quality; they can serve on other non-profit boards to ensure that the arts are present in other organizations, teach classes and encourage young artists with auditions, talent contests and scholarships. What can the local day care center do for the community? Take care of the community’s children, of course… and lobby for day care in business and with politicians, create networking systems to educate parents, serve on PTA boards, educate the public, provide emergency respite for mothers.
  • Talk to former volunteers and members, teachers, police, organizations working with the same audience, the media, employers. Find out what they think about your organization’s programs, what they know about the issues and what could be done better.
  • “But we don’t have time to do all of this.”  It is about priorities. We all have the same 24-hour day.

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #14

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

Working with corporations.


  • How do non-profit people feel about corporate people?
  • Our attitudes set the stage for the relationship.
  • Corporation employees are under pressure to make money for the corporation, the stockholders and themselves. Corporations are FOR-profits.


  • Do we want to set up a partnership with a corporation? If not, why not?
  • What can we offer a corporation in terms of exposure in return for their gift? Program ad space? Their name on our van?
  • How does our work and the work of local for-profit businesses complement each other?
  • What does the corporation want or need?
  • Join the chamber of commerce… this is where business people do business and networking.
  • A loaned corporate executive could assist with your long-range plan, solicit for a funding campaign, set up your fundraising software and develop staff benefit packages.
  • Some corporations have charitable foundations.

Notes from Fundraising for Non-profits, #15

Fundraising for Non-profits: How to build a Community Partnership by P. Burke Keegan.

The Board of Directors & Fundraising

Board Responsibilities:

  • Do boards have to do fundraising?
  • Do you need money?
  • If you need money, that is the Board’s problem.
  • Non-profit boards are usually a group of volunteers who sign on to guide the organization’s development. They struggle with finances, policies and supervision.
  • But mostly, it seems, they struggle with who they are and what it means to be a Board Member.

When a Board is functioning excellently:

  • It enjoys 100% attendance and 100% giving.
  • Every member raises money.
  • They have a team spirit that challenges every member to perform to the absolute best of his or her ability.
  • It has committees that answer specific needs, get their work done and report to the Board.
  • It lives in the future, guiding the organization forward, empowering professional staff, paid or unpaid, to handle the day to day operations.
  • It gives quality thought to the issues of planning and Board regeneration.
  • Members thank each other, trust each other, and get to grow in the areas of leadership development and community relations.

Getting to excellence requires:

  • Taking one deliberate step at a time
  • Starting with the best possible mix of people and an understanding that serving on your Board is an honor and privilege.

The Board’s Five Areas of Responsibility.

  1. POLICY. They set policy.
  • This means taking a broad brush and making a stroke.
  • They must answer the question: What will happen for what people at what cost?
  • Set the parameters within which the staff can work.
  • They must respond to the community need, the Mission and goals of the organization.
  • They look at the scope of need and decide how much can be accomplished.
  1. HIRE THE EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR (paid or unpaid).
  • The executive director, paid or unpaid, serves at the pleasure of the Board.
  • A professional who sees to the day-to-day operation of the organization and answers to the Board for decisions made.
  • Salary has nothing to do with this relationship.
  • The executive director tends to the details, hires other staff and makes sure that the policies of the board are carried out.
  • The executive director can be fired for not doing the job and the board can find someone who will do a better job, but they do not have the option of going in and doing the work themselves.
  • This responsibility is often taken very lightly.
  • Boards are legally responsible for decisions made by them and their staff.
  • The Board of Directors has a legal and moral obligation to the community to know what is going on in the non-profit they are directing.
  • Evaluation is much more than reading the executive director’s report in Board meetings, much more than looking at the treasurer’s report.
  • It means teaching every Board member what the organization is supposed to be doing, showing them what the books look like, and giving them a chance to see for themselves.
  • It could be evaluation teams that talk with the executive director on a quarterly basis, asking questions, looking at the books, and asking people in the community if they’re happy that the non-profit is there.
  • The Board should be talking with like organizations in other parts of the country to see what’s being tried and how it’s going.
  • Board members are the organization’s ambassadors… at political and social functions, at work.
  • People in the community will judge your organization by the quality, standing and dedication of your vocal Board members.
  • Board members should have the organization brochure and business cards with the official logo, name and address of the non-profit and their name and title.
  • Board members must be well-informed about the mission and goals of the organization.
  • It is the board’s responsibility to give and raise money. There is not a sentence in our language that will make a room full of Board members dig in their heels deeper than that one.
  • The best reasons for giving and raising money:
    • The board sets policy and decides what is going to happen for what people at what cost. If they are not raising the money to make it happen, they are creating an impossible situation.
    • Major donors, corporate givers and foundations are increasingly adamant about not giving until you have 100% giving from your Board members. Foundations often require a list of Board members and how much they give. If your own Board won’t give, you cannot expect anyone else to give. Until everyone on your Board is giving to the best of their ability, you have no business fundraising in the community.
    • Board members should give until it feels really good! For some, it’s $25, for others it’s $25,000. Everyone can give something.
    • The phone company does not accept “time” instead of money. Board members are expected to give their “time” AND money.  It is very difficult to ask someone else to do something you are not willing to do.
    • Writing a check is an important part of real commitment. It’s called, “putting your money where your mouth is.”
    • Once your Board members have their own money committed to the organization, they’ve bought in. It’s theirs. One Board member might assume responsibility… once a year stand up and say, “It’s that time again. If I don’t have your check or pledge by the end of the week, I will call you and talk about your gift.” It helps if this person is good at follow-through, and it helps if this person is someone that Board members would rather not have to deal with in person.
    • Board members should be required to pay the membership fee and make a gift on top of that and their time.

Board Development.

  1. A key tool for a strong, functional board is the nominating process. Term lengths are spelled out in the by-laws. If there are term limits, and they are enforced, then everyone moves on when their term expires with gracious exits and no hurt feelings. Some boards offer a time off the board and an opportunity to serve again.
  2. Hurt feelings are, in fact, a mine field, and more than one non-profit has blown itself up there. The fear of hurting people’s feelings makes organizations hang on to destructive volunteers or make convoluted plans based on whose feelings are in the way, effectively stopping forward progress while a fragile ego is being cared for.
  3. Your mission statement does not include sacrificing the health and well-being of your organization to avoid hurting someone’s feelings.
  4. If you have to step on someone’s toes, say you’re sorry but keep moving forward.
  5. Moving people out is part one.
  6. Moving people in is part two. Finding the right people is an on-going process that requires an active, inventive, energetic nominating committee.

The Nominating Committee should:

  • Meet year-round.
  • Work from the long-range plan to identify skills that will be needed in the coming years.
  • Be the best and brightest of the group.
  • Be willing to literally cold call, interview and keep track of potential Board members.
  • Be enthusiastic, positive and honest about the organization.
  • Be ad hoc, with everyone on the Board getting a chance to rotate through.
  • Include the Director of Development as a full-fledged member.
  • Build a waiting list for Board membership that the Board will use to choose new members when terms expire.

The Nominating Committee does not invite anyone to be on the Board. That is the responsibility and privilege of the entire Board.

How to build a Board waiting list:

  1. A list of people who have been interviewed by the nominating committee and who have clearly stated their interest in serving on the Board at a future date.
  2. Their skills and interests are noted.
  3. It allows the nominating committee to interview people without having to commit to asking them to serve.
  4. It serves to keep the Board on their toes…  we’ve all heard, “I would resign, but I don’t want to leave them in the lurch.” There are people waiting to sit in their seat.
  5. The waiting list energizes the organization. Rather than taking the “warm body” approach to Board development, the waiting list process is a constant reminder.

What specialties, skills or interests does the Board need?

  • Fundraising
  • Governance/leadership
  • School liaison
  • Business, merchant/mover and shaker
  • Connections to a PR firm
  • A visionary, futurist
  • High profile educator
  • Local politician

The Nominating Committee will approach the prospects, describe the organization and the nominating process, and what is expected of Board members, and make it clear they are not appointing to the Board. Make an interview appointment. Be totally honest. How much time is required? Other tasks? What skills are needed?

Welcoming new board talent.

  • Give them the opportunity to hit the ground running.
  • Recruit them for a specific reason and work with them to set their information, contacts and ideas directly into motion.
  • Try the buddy system… new Board member with a seasoned veteran, riding to and from meetings together, sitting together at meetings.  Make it clear there are no stupid questions.
  • Provide a Board member orientation, on-going training and yearly retreats.
  • Some organizations require Board members to attend the volunteer training so they have a hands-on sense of how the programs work.
  • Retreats offer time for reviewing and modifying the long-range plan, recommitting to goals and carrying on the organizational story. Hire an outside facilitator or assign skilled Board members to each lead sections of the retreat agenda.

Boards and Leadership:

  • People change because they want to or need to. We cannot change others.
  • When a Board has functioned by letting people off the hook, never enforcing bylaws and policies, and asking nothing more than attendance at meetings, it is a huge task to NOW ask them to WORK.
  • It is even harder to ask them to take responsibility for their planning and go out and find the money to make the plans happen.
  • The key ingredient for this kind of formidable movement is leadership.

A leader is someone who can:

  • Inspire people to do what the leader knows needs to be done.
  • Overcome his or her fear of not being liked to say what needs to be said.
  • Hold people to their word, remind them of their commitment and move them to act by setting a great example.
  • Give 30 hours to a project if he wants others to give 10.
  • Build a team and move them forward, a very selfless act, requiring the leader to put aside personal agendas and ego and act for the good of the organization.
  • Run a good meeting, bringing together the chemistry of the Board members to create something new and make important decisions, always starting and ending on time, setting a pace to keep the show on the road. No meetings over 90 minutes.
  • Does not ask people to meet to discuss anything that they cannot take action on.

A Board can:

  • Establish a long-range plan, goals and objectives.
  • Develop 11 or 12 agendas for the coming year
  • Get to the work at hand, pull back and see what they need to learn and where the organization needs to grow.
  • Focus on specific responsibilities of the Board.


  • Establish a strong committee structure.
  • Eliminate the Fundraising Committee. Most of them were not there when they were appointed, hated the idea of asking for money.
  • An ad hoc approach helps create a more participatory atmosphere of problem solving. An attitude develops… this is how things work here… with a Board of people who wouldn’t dream of coming to a Board meeting and confessing, “I didn’t follow through.”

Living in the Future:

  • The Board’s job is to live in the future. The wheels are rolling slowly forward and the Board is usually running along behind.  Where the Board should be in out in front, having determined where the organization should be going, where it needs to be in 5 and 10 years, and they have hired a professional to run the organization day to day.
  • When your organization is given tax-exempt status, this means that it holds a special place in the fabric of your community. It exists to meet a need or solve a problem. That is how we are different from for-profit businesses.
  • The Board is the keeper of the Vision. This includes creating a viable plan, recruiting and challenging the absolute best team of Board members and continually making sure your organization is meeting the Mission.

Two-Step Program to Fundraising:

  1. Get over it.
  2. Get on with it.

[That’s it, the last chapter. ~ Notes by Sherry Kaseberg.]