Sherman County eNews #156

CONTENT

  1. SPIRITUAL MATTERS

  2. CLASSIFIEDS

  3. CALENDAR


1. SPIRITUAL MATTERS

“Can you see the holiness in those things you take for granted–a paved road or a washing machine? If you concentrate on finding what is good in every situation, you will discover that your life will suddenly be filled with gratitude, a feeling that nurtures the soul.” — Rabbi Harold Kushner


2. CLASSIFIEDS (new or corrected)

newsletter2eNEWS POLICIES:

CLASSIFIED ADS. Free classified ads are published on Fridays. The deadline is Wednesday at 5. Please submit ads by using the Submit News page. Include who, what, where, when, & how, contact information and the final Friday date for posting your ad (shown by the date at the end of the ad, for example, 3/17), and under 50 words if possible. This service is limited to Sherman County. Links are welcome.  Please share your Thank You and Congratulatory Notes and Joyful News (anniversaries, achievements, awards, births, birthdays, graduations, weddings, etc.) here. No posters or flyers.

NEWS RELEASES. Please submit event and information news, meeting notices and calendar dates by using the Submit News page. Include who, what, where, when, how & why with contact or source information. As appropriate, follow up with news of event results. Links are welcome. No posters or flyers. Keep it relevant, no longer than 350 words.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR. We encourage letters to the Editor that focus on ideas and opinions about public issues and events rather than personalities or private matters. We reserve the right to change policies at any time and to reject or edit any Letter to the Editor.

  • Keep it short, no longer than 350 words.
  • Keep it simple with one or two clear points. No attachments.
  • Keep it fresh with no more than one letter per writer per month.
  • Keep it civilized, in good taste and free from libel.
  • Keep it relevant; focus on a local event, previous letter or issues of general concern – not personalities.
  • Letters must be signed, name and town. Anonymous letters will not be posted.
  • Please submit Letters to the Editor by using the Submit News page.

THANK YOU & CONGRATULATORY NOTES:

Appreciation can make a day – even change a life. Your willingness to put it into words is all that is necessary. ~Margaret Cousins

THANK YOU! On behalf of ABC Huskies Child Care, a Huge Thank You to the volunteers and Sherman County Community for their support in helping make the 2019 Wasco Memorial Weekend County Breakfast a great success. Special recognition goes to North Sherman Rural Fire Protection District for use of their facility, Morrow County Grain Growers for securing and transporting the grills, Wasco Market for their generous donation of ham, Sherman County for making available the tables and chairs, to staff and board members whose teamwork kept everything running smoothly and most importantly to our volunteer cooks who prepared a fantastic meal: Norman Fridley, Kent Thomas, Chris Kaseberg and Commissioner Tom McCoy. This fundraiser is important to the operation of our child care program and we greatly appreciate the local support. Thank You!!  ~Carrie Kaseberg, Gail Macnab & Melva Thomas – Board of Directors

THANK YOU! Thank you everyone who made Wasco’s memorial celebration such a success.  Spectators, vendors, especially the Air Force ((Col Sean Sullivan and other pilot)) for the fly over. Pastor Joe Burgess gave a wonderful tribute to our veterans! ~Carol MacKenzie

I can live for two months on a good compliment. ~Mark Twain

 JOYFUL NEWS!

COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION FUND-RAISERS:

All good fund raising plans have one thing in common: they show a diverse number of sources for their income. The board of directors plays a crucial role in the selection, implementation and evaluation of fundraising strategies. Board members may individually commit to raising and giving a certain amount of money. The basic premise of fundraising – You must ask; you must give. Everything after that involves creativity, imagination and a sense of fun.

VOLUNTEER OPPORTUNITIES:

Participate in the process of your community and country. One person can make a difference. Take a stand. Do something about it. Look hard at your larger community–it may need your specific participation. –Mary Anne Radmacher-Hershey

JUST ASK! How can I help? Sherman County’s current activities require the equivalent of 290 volunteers –  part-time, one-time, once-yearly, once-monthly, as needed. Just ask! How can I help? The need is great. These come to mind… Your child’s activities. Your church. Sherman County Fair. Wasco Memorial Day Celebration. Sherman County Senior & Community Center. Sherman County Historical Museum. Sherman High School Booster Club. Wasco School Events Center. Grass Valley Pavilion. Cemetery clean-up days. Maryhill Museum. Food Banks. Respond to public notices of vacant local government positions, including EMT training. Lion’s Club. Or… if you can’t give of your time, give your support with your tax deductible dollars. ~The Editor.

EMPLOYMENT:

CENSUS JOBS. 2020 Census Jobs available in Sherman County $14.50 – $16.00 per hour – Paid Training. Thousands of jobs are available nationwide, and many are near you. Help support your community by being a Census Taker. *Great pay
*Flexible hours *Weekly pay *Paid Training. APPLY ONLINE TODAY: WWW.2020census.gov/jobs
Questions, call 1-855-562-2020
Federal Relay Services: 1-877-8339 TTY/ASCII
www.gsa.gov/fedrelay
The U.S. Census Bureau is an Equal Opportunity Employer.

OYCC CREW LEADER & CREW. For more information regarding the OYCC program visit http://www.oyccweb.com.  Sherman County OYCC is accepting applications for several positions within the OYCC Program.  The positions are scheduled to work 6 weeks beginning July 2019 and ending August 2019; 40hr/week, Monday through Friday.  All applicants must be able to perform manual labor in adverse weather conditions.  Please review the job descriptions and contract before applying on the Sherman County Prevention webpage.  The Student Contract must be signed before a Crew Member application will be accepted.  Applications will be accepted until 5:00 PM on Friday, June 14, 2019 for the youth crew.  The Crew Leader position will be open until filled and required a 3-day training in Bend on June 19-21st. Any applicant over 18 years of age must complete and pass a criminal history background check. Job description and/or employment application can be found at https://www.co.sherman.or.us/departments/prevention/; by email aasher@co.sherman.or.us  or contact the Sherman County Prevention Department at 541-565-5036.  *Submit a letter of interest describing your qualifications, a completed employment application and for youth, student contract, to the Sherman County Prevention Program, PO Box 263, Moro, OR  97039 or in person at the Sherman County Courthouse. 6/14

HIRING. Evergreen Holdings is growing fast and we need quality employees to help us keep up with production demands. There are several positions on a variety of shifts available. There are also career advancement opportunities available for those with strong work ethic. We provide medical, dental and vision benefits. We are the leading manufacturer of pharmaceutical grade CBD products in the country. We have grown and are continuing to expand our production team. Be a part of the fastest growing company in Oregon and in the CBD industry. Call (971) 400-0248 or drop off your resume at 211 SW North Street, Grass Valley, Oregon.  6/7

FT MECHANIC. Apex Auto & Truck Repair is hiring! In need of a Mechanic who:
* Has diesel experience
* Has a valid drivers license
* Has a CDL, but not required
* Is great with communication
* Has a positive attitude
* Has the ability to work with minimal supervision
* Has road service experience
ASE Certification is a plus, but not required.
Full-Time position. No Cap Depending On Experience. Hourly or Flat-rate options are available.
Call 541-565-3001 for more information.
Applications are also available on www.apextruckrepair.com6/7

FT GRAIN ACCOUNTANT. MCP is seeking applicants for a full time Grain Accountant at our main office in Moro OR. An ideal candidate will preferably have a background in Ag and poss. an entrepreneurial aptitude w/ the ability to operate a business profitably, in a fast paced environment. Proficiency in accounting debits and credits and a minimum of an Associate’s Degree in Accounting -or- 3 years of verifiable accounting experience is required. See full ad @ www.mcpcoop.com Contact HR for questions or to request an appointment 541-565-2277.  6/7
CUSTODIAN. Sherman County School District is seeking a qualified 1.0 FTE custodial candidate. The candidate must be self-motivated and is responsible for performing custodial duties, minor maintenance, and other miscellaneous duties on a regimented schedule in order to ensure that the school building and facilities are maintained in a healthy, safe, and sanitary manner.  Medical, dental, and vision insurance are included.Criminal record check and pre-employment drug screening required. For information and application materials please email or call Wes Owens at wowens@sherman.k12.or.us or 541-565-3500. Application Method/Materials Required: Please submit a letter of interest, application (available from the school district) and resume if you are interested in the position to: Wes Owens, Superintendent, 65912 High School Loop, Moro, Oregon 97039 | (541) 565-3500   wowens@sherman.k12.or.us | This position will remain open until filled. Sherman County School District is an equal opportunity employer.

SERVICES:

“BE A RISING STAR” CAREGIVER JOB FAIR
–Adult Foster Home / New Career
“Start Your Own In-Home Business”
–Adult Foster Home
Resident Manager, Shift Caregiver
& Substitute Caregivers
–Homecare Worker / In-Home Caregiving
PROCESSING APPLICATIONS & BACKGROUND CHECKS
INFORMATIONAL TABLES
FOR YOUR SUPPORT & KNOWLEDGE.
June 18, 2019 10:00 AM TO 2:00 PM
DEPARTMENT OF HUMAN SERVICES
AGING & PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
3641 KLINDT DR. THE DALLES FOR INFORMATION CALL
ADULT FOSTER HOME LICENSOR YULANDA OWEN 541-506-3536
Refreshments provided.  6/14 

LOCAL HISTORY FOR THE CURIOUS. Sherman County, Oregon, An Historical Collection is a local history website honoring the people who kept the records and preserved the stories. It is truly the work of many, and will appeal to the curious, history enthusiasts and genealogists. Content includes a 1965 cemetery survey, stories, time lines, photographs and information about businesses, churches, government, military service, places and towns. See http://shermancountyoregon.com/. 6/7

LOCAL GENERAL CONTRACTOR, HANDYMAN & EQUIPMENT OPERATOR. Ready for spring projects, large and small, indoors or out. Please call Kevin at 541-993-4282 | KCK, Inc. | Licensed, bonded and insured. CCB #135768. References available. 6/28

SHERMAN COUNTY BUSINESS DIRECTORY https://www.co.sherman.or.us/businesses/

NEWSPAPERS

VISITOR INFORMATION:

FOR SALE:

HAND-CRAFTED BARREL STAVE FURNITURE. Locally handcrafted furniture and novelty gifts created from re-purposed wine & whiskey barrels and other reclaimed materials. Special orders accepted. ~The Wood Butcher | Wasco, Oregon | Call Kevin at 541-993-4282 | https://www.oldwoodnbarrels.com/

SHERMAN COUNTY CLASSIFIEDS, FACEBOOK   https://www.facebook.com/groups/1680690712181261/ 

SHOP LOCALLY! SHERMAN COUNTY BUSINESSES https://www.co.sherman.or.us/businesses/ 

FOR RENT OR LEASE:  

FREE:

FREE SALVAGEABLE PVC GUTTERS. I have a bunch of old PVC Gutters that I took off my home. There are many parts that are usable if you have or want to put up some gutters. They are white. Contact me via email red.gibbs@gmail.com / Text 541-965-1227 or call. 6/7

LOST OR FOUND:

WANTED:


3. CALENDAR (new or corrected)

SHERMAN COUNTY SCHOOL DISTRICT EVENTS CALENDAR   https://shermancountyschooldistrict.weebly.com/scsd-event-calendar.html 

fatherJUNE

7 Gorge Broadband Consortium 1 The Dalles

8 Saddle Up for St. Jude’s Children’s Research Hospital, 541-993-3565

8 Veterans’ Benefit Fair & Support Services, Earl Snell Park, Arlington

9 Sherman Historical Society Museum Wine 4, Dinner & Program 5 Museum

11 Tri-County Mental Health Board Meeting 11-2 The Dalles

11 North Central Public Health District Board Meeting 3 The Dalles

11 Pendleton Experiment Station Field Day

11 Sherman County Ambulance Board Meeting 1800 hrs.

12 Moro Experiment Station Field Day

12 Frontier TeleNet Budget Hearing 1 Gilliam County Courthouse, Condon

12 City of Grass Valley Budget Hearing 7

12 Sherman County Senior & Community Center Advisory Board 12:30

12 Rufus City Council 7

12 Wasco School Events Center Board Meeting 6

12 Estate Planning Seminar 6 Sherman Senior & Community Center

14 FLAG DAY

14 Community Renewable Energy Association (CREA) Board Meeting 10-1

15 Bridal Shower for Krista Perisho 10 Sherman County Extension Office

15 Cascade Singers Compositori Femminili 7 Zion Lutheran Church

16 FATHERS’ DAY

16 Father’s Day at Maryhill Museum

16 Cascade Singers Compositori Femminili 3 Zion Lutheran Church

16-21 Cottonwood Crossing Summer Institute for High School Students

17 Sherman County School District Board 7

18 Caregiver Job Fair 10-6 DHS, The Dalles

18 Unit 20, Oregon Retired Educators Meeting 12 Hood River Golf Course

19 Sherman County Court 9

19-21 Sherman County 4-H Camp for 4th-6th graders, Wamic

24-28 Vacation Bible School – Moro Community Presbyterian Church

26-29 OSU 4-H Summer Conference for 7th-12th graders, Corvallis

American-Flag-StarJULY

1 Grass Valley City Council 7

2 Moro City Council 7

3 Sherman County Court 9

3 All County Prayer Meeting Grass Valley Baptist Church social 6:30, prayer 7:00-8:30

4 INDEPENDENCE DAY

6 Farmers Market 10-4 Moro

8-11 Sherman 4-H Kids Food Preservation Day Camp

9 Sherman County Watershed Council 8

9 Sherman County Soil & Water Conservation District 8:30

9 North Central Public Health Department 3 The Dalles

9 Tri-County Mental Health Board 11-2

10 Sherman Senior & Community Center Advisory 12:30 Senior Center

10 Rufus City Council 7

12 Community Renewable Energy Association (CREA) Board Meeting 10-1

12-14 Oregon Country Fair 11-7 Veneta, Oregon

12-14 Athena Caledonian Games, Athena, Oregon

17 Sherman County Court 9

20 Starry Night at the Museum – Maryhill Museum of Art

20-21 Maryhill Museum: Free Admission for Sherman County

21-24 Sherman 4-H Kids Food Science Baking Day Camp

22 Maryhill Museum Summer Art Institute

24 Gilliam, Sherman, Wheeler Tri-County Courts 10 Condon

24-27 Jefferson County Fair

24-28 Hood River County Fair

27 Fifth Annual Veteran Benefit Expo in Pendleton

31-Aug 4 Union County Fair 

wheat.fourAUGUST

1 Sherman County Fair Board 7

1-5 Deschutes County Fair

3 Farmers Market 10-4 Moro

5 Lower John Day Area Commission on Transportation 10-12 Sherman

5 Grass Valley City Council 7 City Hall

5-9 Sherman 4-H Kids Drama Day Camp, Sherman County School

5 Moro City Council 7

6-10 Baker County Fair

6-10 Umatilla County Fair

7 Sherman County Court 9

7 Mid-Columbia Economic Development District Executive Board Meeting 4

7 All County Prayer Meeting Rufus Baptist Church social 6:30, prayer 7:00-8:30

7-11 Wheeler County Fair

8-11 Crook County Fair

8-11 Grant County Fair

9 Community Renewable Energy Association (CREA) Board Meeting 10-1

16-18 Equine Mania LLC Summer Escape (541) 980-7394

20-25 Sherman County Fair

21 Cattle Sorting Competition at the Sherman County Fair

31 Rummage Sale 11-3 Wasco School Events Center


 

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Sherman County eNews #155

CONTENTS

  1. What’s Coming Up at Sherman County Public/School Library

  2. Estate Planning Seminar Wednesday June 12th

  3. Full Text: President Donald Trump Commemorates the 75th Anniversary of D-Day


1. What’s Coming Up at Sherman County Public/School Library

The Library is open SCHOOL Hours until June 15th
8am-4pm Monday, Wednesday and Friday
8am-7pm Tuesday and Thursday
10am-4pm Saturday.

Community Preschool Storytime – Every Tuesday at 10am
Join us for Preschool Storytime and crafts. Ages 0-6.

Qudditch Tournament of Year Party.
Friday, June 7th at 6pm on the school field.

3D-Beginner Print Workshop
Saturday, June 8 from 2pm-5pm

June Book Club: A Town Called Alice by Nevil Shute – Thursday, June 27 at 6pm.


2. Estate Planning Seminar Wednesday June 12th

Next Wednesday June 12th at 6:00 PM will be an estate planning seminar at the Senior Center in Moro.  The seminar will cover the basics of estate planning (wills, trusts, powers of attorney, probate, etc.) and also more advanced topics (Oregon death tax, natural resource credit, gifting strategies, etc.).  Title of the seminar is “When Your Legacy Is Tied To The Land.”  Hosts will be financial advisor Aaron “A.J.” Thompson, estate planning attorney Jeff Patterson (Bend), and subject matter expert Melanie Samsa (Portland).  Estate planning is important and not having a plan or an updated plan can burden beneficiaries.  Seminar is open to the public at no cost.  Refreshments and desserts from Sweetheart bake shop will be provided.  Hosts will stay after to answer specific questions.  For more information call 541-388-5613.  Senior Center address is 300 Dewey Street Moro, OR 97039.


3. Full Text: President Donald Trump Commemorates the 75th Anniversary of D-Day

American flag2President Macron, Mrs. Macron, and the people of France; to the First Lady of the United States and members of the United States Congress; to distinguished guests, veterans, and my fellow Americans:

We are gathered here on Freedom’s Altar. On these shores, on these bluffs, on this day 75 years ago, 10,000 men shed their blood, and thousands sacrificed their lives, for their brothers, for their countries, and for the survival of liberty.

Today, we remember those who fell, and we honor all who fought right here in Normandy. They won back this ground for civilization.

To more than 170 veterans of the Second World War who join us today: You are among the very greatest Americans who will ever live. You’re the pride of our nation. You are the glory of our republic. And we thank you from the bottom of our hearts. (Applause.)

Here with you are over 60 veterans who landed on D-Day. Our debt to you is everlasting. Today, we express our undying gratitude.

When you were young, these men enlisted their lives in a Great Crusade — one of the greatest of all times. Their mission is the story of an epic battle and the ferocious, eternal struggle between good and evil.

On the 6th of June, 1944, they joined a liberation force of awesome power and breathtaking scale. After months of planning, the Allies had chosen this ancient coastline to mount their campaign to vanquish the wicked tyranny of the Nazi empire from the face of the Earth.

The battle began in the skies above us. In those first tense midnight hours, 1,000 aircraft roared overhead with 17,000 Allied airborne troops preparing to leap into the darkness beyond these trees.

Then came dawn. The enemy who had occupied these heights saw the largest naval armada in the history of the world. Just a few miles offshore were 7,000 vessels bearing 130,000 warriors. They were the citizens of free and independent nations, united by their duty to their compatriots and to millions yet unborn.

There were the British, whose nobility and fortitude saw them through the worst of Dunkirk and the London Blitz. The full violence of Nazi fury was no match for the full grandeur of British pride. Thank you. (Applause.)

There were the Canadians, whose robust sense of honor and loyalty compelled them to take up arms alongside Britain from the very, very beginning.

There were the fighting Poles, the tough Norwegians, and the intrepid Aussies. There were the gallant French commandos, soon to be met by thousands of their brave countrymen ready to write a new chapter in the long history of French valor. (Applause.)

And, finally, there were the Americans. They came from the farms of a vast heartland, the streets of glowing cities, and the forges of mighty industrial towns. Before the war, many had never ventured beyond their own community. Now they had come to offer their lives half a world from home.

This beach, code-named Omaha, was defended by the Nazis with monstrous firepower, thousands and thousands of mines and spikes driven into the sand, so deeply. It was here that tens of thousands of the Americans came.

The GIs who boarded the landing craft that morning knew that they carried on their shoulders not just the pack of a soldier, but the fate of the world. Colonel George Taylor, whose 16th Infantry Regiment would join in the first wave, was asked: What would happen if the Germans stopped right then and there, cold on the beach — just stopped them? What would happen? This great American replied: “Why, the 18th Infantry is coming in right behind us. The 26th Infantry will come on too. Then there is the 2nd Infantry Division already afloat. And the 9th Division. And the 2nd Armored. And the 3rd Armored. And all the rest. Maybe the 16th won’t make it, but someone will.”

One of those men in Taylor’s 16th Regiment was Army medic Ray Lambert. Ray was only 23, but he had already earned three Purple Hearts and two Silver Stars fighting in North Africa and Sicily, where he and his brother Bill, no longer with us, served side by side.

In the early morning hours, the two brothers stood together on the deck of the USS Henrico, before boarding two separate Higgins landing craft. “If I don’t make it,” Bill said, “please, please take care of my family.” Ray asked his brother to do the same.

Of the 31 men on Ray’s landing craft, only Ray and 6 others made it to the beach. There were only a few of them left. They came to the sector right here below us. “Easy Red” it was called. Again and again, Ray ran back into the water. He dragged out one man after another. He was shot through the arm. His leg was ripped open by shrapnel. His back was broken. He nearly drowned.

He had been on the beach for hours, bleeding and saving lives, when he finally lost consciousness. He woke up the next day on a cot beside another badly wounded soldier. He looked over and saw his brother Bill. They made it. They made it. They made it.

At 98 years old, Ray is here with us today, with his fourth Purple Heart and his third Silver Star from Omaha. (Applause.) Ray, the free world salutes you. (Applause.) Thank you, Ray. (Applause.)

Nearly two hours in, unrelenting fire from these bluffs kept the Americans pinned down on the sand now red with our heroes’ blood. Then, just a few hundred yards from where I’m standing, a breakthrough came. The battle turned, and with it, history.

Down on the beach, Captain Joe Dawson, the son of a Texas preacher, led Company G through a minefield to a natural fold in the hillside, still here. Just beyond this path to my right, Captain Dawson snuck beneath an enemy machine gun perch and tossed his grenades. Soon, American troops were charging up “Dawson’s Draw.” What a job he did. What bravery he showed.

Lieutenant Spalding and the men from Company E moved on to crush the enemy strongpoint on the far side of this cemetery, and stop the slaughter on the beach below. Countless more Americans poured out across this ground all over the countryside. They joined fellow American warriors from Utah beach, and Allies from Juno, Sword, and Gold, along with the airborne and the French patriots.

Private First Class Russell Pickett, of the 29th Division’s famed 116th Infantry Regiment, had been wounded in the first wave that landed on Omaha Beach. At a hospital in England, Private Pickett vowed to return to battle. “I’m going to return,” he said. “I’m going to return.”

Six days after D-Day, he rejoined his company. Two thirds had been killed already; many had been wounded, within 15 minutes of the invasion. They’d lost 19 just from small town of Bedford, Virginia, alone. Before long, a grenade left Private Pickett again gravely wounded. So badly wounded. Again, he chose to return. He didn’t care; he had to be here.

He was then wounded a third time, and laid unconscious for 12 days. They thought he was gone. They thought he had no chance. Russell Pickett is the last known survivor of the legendary Company A. And, today, believe it or not, he has returned once more to these shores to be with his comrades. Private Pickett, you honor us all with your presence. (Applause.) Tough guy. (Laughter.)

By the fourth week of August, Paris was liberated. (Applause.) Some who landed here pushed all the way to the center of Germany. Some threw open the gates of Nazi concentration camps to liberate Jews who had suffered the bottomless horrors of the Holocaust. And some warriors fell on other fields of battle, returning to rest on this soil for eternity.

Before this place was consecrated to history, the land was owned by a French farmer, a member of the French resistance. These were great people. These were strong and tough people. His terrified wife waited out D-Day in a nearby house, holding tight to their little baby girl. The next day, a soldier appeared. “I’m an American,” he said. “I’m here to help.” The French woman was overcome with emotion and cried. Days later, she laid flowers on fresh American graves.

Today, her granddaughter, Stefanie, serves as a guide at this cemetery. This week, Stefanie led 92-year-old Marian Wynn of California to see the grave of her brother Don for the very first time.

Marian and Stefanie are both with us today. And we thank you for keeping alive the memories of our precious heroes. Thank you. (Applause.)

9,388 young Americans rest beneath the white crosses and Stars of David arrayed on these beautiful grounds. Each one has been adopted by a French family that thinks of him as their own. They come from all over France to look after our boys. They kneel. They cry. They pray. They place flowers. And they never forget. Today, America embraces the French people and thanks you for honoring our beloved dead. Thank you. (Applause.) Thank you. Thank you.

To all of our friends and partners: Our cherished alliance was forged in the heat of battle, tested in the trials of war, and proven in the blessings of peace. Our bond is unbreakable.

From across the Earth, Americans are drawn to this place as though it were a part of our very soul. We come not only because of what they did here. We come because of who they were.

They were young men with their entire lives before them. They were husbands who said goodbye to their young brides and took their duty as their fate. They were fathers who would never meet their infant sons and daughters because they had a job to do. And with God as their witness, they were going to get it done. They came wave after wave, without question, without hesitation, and without complaint.

More powerful than the strength of American arms was the strength of American hearts.

These men ran through the fires of hell moved by a force no weapon could destroy: the fierce patriotism of a free, proud, and sovereign people. (Applause.) They battled not for control and domination, but for liberty, democracy, and self-rule.

They pressed on for love in home and country — the Main Streets, the schoolyards, the churches and neighbors, the families and communities that gave us men such as these.

They were sustained by the confidence that America can do anything because we are a noble nation, with a virtuous people, praying to a righteous God.

The exceptional might came from a truly exceptional spirit. The abundance of courage came from an abundance of faith. The great deeds of an Army came from the great depths of their love.

As they confronted their fate, the Americans and the Allies placed themselves into the palm of God’s hand.

The men behind me will tell you that they are just the lucky ones. As one of them recently put it, “All the heroes are buried here.” But we know what these men did. We knew how brave they were. They came here and saved freedom, and then, they went home and showed us all what freedom is all about.

The American sons and daughters who saw us to victory were no less extraordinary in peace. They built families. They built industries. They built a national culture that inspired the entire world. In the decades that followed, America defeated communism, secured civil rights, revolutionized science, launched a man to the moon, and then kept on pushing to new frontiers. And, today, America is stronger than ever before. (Applause.)

Seven decades ago, the warriors of D-Day fought a sinister enemy who spoke of a thousand-year empire. In defeating that evil, they left a legacy that will last not only for a thousand years, but for all time — for as long as the soul knows of duty and honor; for as long as freedom keeps its hold on the human heart.

To the men who sit behind me, and to the boys who rest in the field before me, your example will never, ever grow old. (Applause.) Your legend will never tire. Your spirit — brave, unyielding, and true — will never die.

The blood that they spilled, the tears that they shed, the lives that they gave, the sacrifice that they made, did not just win a battle. It did not just win a war. Those who fought here won a future for our nation. They won the survival of our civilization. And they showed us the way to love, cherish, and defend our way of life for many centuries to come.

Today, as we stand together upon this sacred Earth, we pledge that our nations will forever be strong and united. We will forever be together. Our people will forever be bold. Our hearts will forever be loyal. And our children, and their children, will forever and always be free.

May God bless our great veterans. May God bless our Allies. May God bless the heroes of D-Day. And may God bless America. Thank you. (Applause.) Thank you very much.


 

Sherman County eNews #154

CONTENTS

  1. The Danger of the Attacks on the Electoral College

  2. Confidence OR Self-Esteem?

  3. Sherman County Court News of April 17th

  4. Sherman County Court News of May 1st


 1. The Danger of the Attacks on the Electoral College 

Imprimus, Hillsdale College

June 2019 • Volume 48, Number 6 • Trent England

The following is adapted from a speech delivered on April 30, 2019, at Hillsdale College’s Allan P. Kirby, Jr. Center for Constitutional Studies and Citizenship in Washington, D.C

Once upon a time, the Electoral College was not controversial. During the debates over ratifying the Constitution, Anti-Federalist opponents of ratification barely mentioned it. But by the mid-twentieth century, opponents of the Electoral College nearly convinced Congress to propose an amendment to scrap it. And today, more than a dozen states have joined in an attempt to hijack the Electoral College as a way to force a national popular vote for president.

What changed along the way? And does it matter? After all, the critics of the Electoral College simply want to elect the president the way we elect most other officials. Every state governor is chosen by a statewide popular vote. Why not a national popular vote for president?

***

Delegates to the Constitutional Convention in 1787 asked themselves the same question, but then rejected a national popular vote along with several other possible modes of presidential election. The Virginia Plan—the first draft of what would become the new Constitution­—called for “a National Executive . . . to be chosen by the National Legislature.” When the Constitutional Convention took up the issue for the first time, near the end of its first week of debate, Roger Sherman from Connecticut supported this parliamentary system of election, arguing that the national executive should be “absolutely dependent” on the legislature. Pennsylvania’s James Wilson, on the other hand, called for a popular election. Virginia’s George Mason thought a popular election “impracticable,” but hoped Wilson would “have time to digest it into his own form.” Another delegate suggested election by the Senate alone, and then the Convention adjourned for the day.

When they reconvened the next morning, Wilson had taken Mason’s advice. He presented a plan to create districts and hold popular elections to choose electors. Those electors would then vote for the executive—in other words, an electoral college. But with many details left out, and uncertainty remaining about the nature of the executive office, Wilson’s proposal was voted down. A week later, Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts proposed election by state governors. This too was voted down, and a consensus began to build. Delegates did not support the Virginia Plan’s parliamentary model because they understood that an executive selected by Congress would become subservient to Congress. A similar result, they came to see, could be expected from assigning the selection to any body of politicians.

There were other oddball proposals that sought to salvage congressional selection—for instance, to have congressmen draw lots to form a group that would then choose the executive in secret. But by July 25, it was clear to James Madison that the choice was down to two forms of popular election: “The option before us,” he said, “[is] between an appointment by Electors chosen by the people—and an immediate appointment by the people.” Madison said he preferred popular election, but he recognized two legitimate concerns. First, people would tend toward supporting candidates from their own states, giving an advantage to larger states. Second, a few areas with higher concentrations of voters might come to dominate. Madison spoke positively of the idea of an electoral college, finding that “there would be very little opportunity for cabal, or corruption” in such a system.

By August 31, the Constitution was nearly finished—except for the process of electing the president. The question was put to a committee comprised of one delegate from each of the eleven states present at the Convention. That committee, which included Madison, created the Electoral College as we know it today. They presented the plan on September 4, and it was adopted with minor changes. It is found in Article II, Section 1:

Each State shall appoint, in such Manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, a Number of Electors, equal to the whole Number of Senators and Representatives to which the State may be entitled in the Congress.

Federal officials were prohibited from being electors. Electors were required to cast two ballots, and were prohibited from casting both ballots for candidates from their own state. A deadlock for president would be decided by the House of Representatives, with one vote per state. Following that, in case of a deadlock for vice president, the Senate would decide. Also under the original system, the runner up became vice president.

This last provision caused misery for President John Adams in 1796, when his nemesis, Thomas Jefferson, became his vice president. Four years later it nearly robbed Jefferson of the presidency when his unscrupulous running mate, Aaron Burr, tried to parlay an accidental deadlock into his own election by the House. The Twelfth Amendment, ratified in 1804, fixed all this by requiring electors to cast separate votes for president and vice president.

And there things stand, constitutionally at least. State legislatures have used their power to direct the manner of choosing electors in various ways: appointing them directly, holding elections by district, or holding statewide elections. Today, 48 states choose their presidential electors in a statewide, winner-take-all vote. Maine and Nebraska elect one elector based on each congressional district’s vote and the remaining two based on the statewide vote.

***

It is easy for Americans to forget that when we vote for president, we are really voting for electors who have pledged to support the candidate we favor. Civics education is not what it used to be. Also, perhaps, the Electoral College is a victim of its own success. Most of the time, it shapes American politics in ways that are beneficial but hard to see. Its effects become news only when a candidate and his or her political party lose a hard-fought and narrowly decided election.

So what are the beneficial effects of choosing our presidents through the Electoral College?

Under the Electoral College system, presidential elections are decentralized, taking place in the states. Although some see this as a flaw—U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren opposes the Electoral College expressly because she wants to increase federal power over elections—this decentralization has proven to be of great value.

For one thing, state boundaries serve a function analogous to that of watertight compartments on an ocean liner. Disputes over mistakes or fraud are contained within individual states. Illinois can recount its votes, for instance, without triggering a nationwide recount. This was an important factor in America’s messiest presidential election—which was not in 2000, but in 1876.

That year marked the first time a presidential candidate won the electoral vote while losing the popular vote. It was a time of organized suppression of black voters in the South, and there were fierce disputes over vote totals in Florida, Louisiana, and South Carolina. Each of those states sent Congress two sets of electoral vote totals, one favoring Republican Rutherford Hayes and the other Democrat Samuel Tilden. Just two days before Inauguration Day, Congress finished counting the votes—which included determining which votes to count—and declared Hayes the winner. Democrats proclaimed this “the fraud of the century,” and there is no way to be certain today—nor was there probably a way to be certain at the time—which candidate actually won. At the very least, the Electoral College contained these disputes within individual states so that Congress could endeavor to sort it out. And it is arguable that the Electoral College prevented a fraudulent result.

Four years later, the 1880 presidential election demonstrated another benefit of the Electoral College system: it can act to amplify the results of a presidential election. The popular vote margin that year was less than 10,000 votes—about one-tenth of one percent—yet Republican James Garfield won a resounding electoral victory, with 214 electoral votes to Democrat Winfield Hancock’s 155. There was no question who won, let alone any need for a recount. More recently, in 1992, the Electoral College boosted the legitimacy of Democrat Bill Clinton, who won with only 43 percent of the popular vote but received over 68 percent of the electoral vote.

But there is no doubt that the greatest benefit of the Electoral College is the powerful incentive it creates against regionalism. Here, the presidential elections of 1888 and 1892 are most instructive. In 1888, incumbent Democratic President Grover Cleveland lost reelection despite receiving a popular vote plurality. He won this plurality because he won by very large margins in the overwhelmingly Democratic South. He won Texas alone by 146,461 votes, for instance, whereas his national popular vote margin was only 94,530. Altogether he won in six southern states with margins greater than 30 percent, while only tiny Vermont delivered a victory percentage of that size for Republican Benjamin Harrison… … …

Continue here… … https://imprimis.hillsdale.edu/danger-attacks-electoral-college/?utm_campaign=imprimis&utm_source=housefile&utm_medium=email&utm_content=june2019electoralcollege&_hsenc=p2ANqtz-82iczu9r-u2-kWHgHBj9fNsWIZzf98zmafFhtu6_36z8PC3N7IE1ed5C3p2Slq_0USX4KhNXmeqQhX3l5OgynR3SpOHw&_hsmi=73384649


2. Confidence OR Self-Esteem?

Today, let’s talk about the difference between confidence and self-esteem. If you are not certain there is a difference, read on. If you are certain, read on!

Confidence and self-esteem are not the same thing. It is entirely possible to appear confident in front of others without having much in the way of self-esteem. Lots of people do it, and some of them are quite famous. You see, the confidence is just a front, a clever pose – an act. It is like a sample cake in the window of a bakery that is made of nothing but cardboard and icing. It looks solid, but if you cut into it, you find there is nothing of real substance inside.

People with a confident front but low self-esteem are plagued with self-doubt when they are alone. They know they are frauds and live in fear of being discovered. Often, they will turn to alcohol or drugs to help them maintain the illusion, or they will surround themselves with people whose only function is to make them look good.

On the other hand, when you have high self-esteem, genuine confidence just naturally follows. Nothing can make you insecure because your security comes from inside. You are not afraid to make a mistake because you believe in your overall competence, and you know that mistakes are simply another way to learn.

When your self-esteem is high, you can deal with every situation honestly, and you can express your true feelings, including fear, sadness and anger, without worrying about how you look to others. Confidence is a great feeling, but if it is the real thing you are after, you want to build it from the inside out. ~The Pacific Institute


3. Sherman County Court News of April 17th

ShermanCoLogoSherman County Court, April 17, 2019

By Kayla von Borstel 541-565-3416

2019-2020 County Assessment Function Funding Assistance (CAFFA) Grant Application, Racial and Ethnic Impact Statement, & Resolution, Quarterly Reports, Hoctor Property Request, Policy Advisor Proposal, Personnel/Complaints Executive Session, Oregon Youth Conservation Corps (OYCC) Storage Shed Replacement, Letter of Support, were the main items on the agenda during the April 17th session of Sherman County Court in Moro.

It was announced at the beginning of the meeting that we added the Intergovernmental Agreement for Construction of Broadband Network & Broadband Network Operating Agreement to the agenda after the session started at 9:58 a.m. on April 3, 2019 as it was received at this time.

Jenine McDermid, County Clerk, presented the Court with the 2019 – 2020 County Assessment Function Funding Assistance (CAFFA) Grant Application. She stated this application was submitted every year, and is based on anything that has to do with Assessment and Tax related budgets. The estimated totals for all Counties go into a pool, and the dollars available are then divided up, and awarded, to each County; only a small portion of the amount submitted comes back to each County. County Court motioned to approve the 2019-2020 County Assessment Function Funding Assistance (CAFFA) Program Grant Application, Racial and Ethnic Impact Statement, and Resolution in the amount of $575,531.00, and authorize Judge Dabulskis to sign.

Jenine McDermid, County Clerk, gave her quarterly report to the Court. On February 21, 2019 there was a BOPTA (Board Of Property Tax Appeal) hearing where one appeal was addressed; it was sustained. The 2019 Passport Acceptance Program certification was competed at the year-end; she attended a Clerks conference in February, and she is part of a committee that reads all the legislative bills to look for items that deal with recording, elections, or the Assessor’s Office. The Helion software system was running in the Clerk’s Office; public can enter their information into the Clerk’s public computer which would then be printed versus filling out forms by hand for items such as marriage licenses. The 2019 elections security plan had been submitted and approved by the Sectary of State’s office. Clerk Staff have been preparing for the May 21, 2019 Special District election. Jenine received notice that it was time for the annual insurance renewal process. Brief discussion held on internet security.

Wes Owens, Sherman County School District, presented a quarterly report. The School District was currently in the budget process and has two open School Board positions. The process changed from zones to positions as there have always been challenges trying to fill the spots based on zones. The School District has the opportunity to hire a qualified Mental Health Professional to have in-house, however, they do not have any candidates at this time. Owens thanked the County for their support in the scholarship program for graduates. Students and Staff are currently engaged in State Testing. The north playing field was still a work in progress; Owens thanked the City of Moro for their water agreements, due to permitting complications the school had with the existing well. He stated the field was anticipated to be ready for use by summer or fall of 2019. Fall 2019 would mark the fourth class in the Hall of Honor. The School District also has an opening for a 0.5 FTE Custodian currently. School signage has entered into its last phase to show passerby’s who they are (the school), gym signs for sports, etc. The Safety Plan for the School has been fully implemented. Due to a rough winter, the District needed to adjust the 2018-2019 school calendar, and adopted the 2019-2020 calendar for next year as well. An Instagram page exists for the School now in order to better communicate with public.

Marylou Martin, Sherman County Public Library, provided the Court with last year’s, and the current year’s budget, for review. The largest change was in the PERS column which increased from 21 to 26 percent. Funds were removed from the media column as there has been significant sharing of books between the school and library. Martin provided pictures to the Court of newest window leak two weeks prior; there are two more windows that need replaced, along with some outside caulking. She also provided pictures of activities/programs they have done: literacy night, book club, summer reading program, Harry Potter party, birds in black, mid-air winds concert, traveling lantern, community story time, art club, crafts and stacks, and movie nights.

Patti Fields, Sherman County Historical Museum, presented a quarterly report. She thanked Court for support of the Historical Society and Museum. At the visitors information station a sign in book is kept to note where visitors are from, and how they heard about the museum; the yearly goal is to have approximately 2,000 visitors. Many schools, organizations, and other museums attend the Museum for field trips every year. The Museum has been using the vacant JC Penny’s store front in The Dalles to promote visitors. Every year an exhibit is displayed during the Fair as well. Fields stated a fundraiser would be held on September 14, 2019. The Museum received two grants in the past year, one from Wasco Electric for $1,000 to paint the footbridge, and the second one from the Sherman County Development League for $12,500 to complete phase 1 of digitizing Sherman County Journals.

Larry Hoctor, Community Member, previously sold his property to the County with the agreement he could reside on the property for 180 days after closing to provide adequate time to find another place to live before vacating. He came to the Court seeking an extension until August 31, 2019, as he has not been able to find another living situation. He currently pays the liability insurance and utilities for the home. County Court motioned to allow Larry Hoctor to live on the property until August 31, 2019 rent free, providing that he continues to provide insurance, utilities, and other items as previously agreed upon.

Jessy Rose, Association of Oregon Counties, presented a Policy Advisor proposal to the Court. She stated the Local Public Safety Coordinating Council (LPSCC) Coordinator position was a pilot program partnership with a federal grant; the Criminal Justice Commission (CJC) and Association of Oregon Counties (AOC) agreed to manage the position. The goal was to figure out a way to continue these programs by finding additional funding after September with grants, or by having the Counties pick up the Policy Advisor position. The Policy Advisor position would be no cost to the County through September. She described a few areas where she could be involved; she currently does many of these items already informally, and the proposal would solidify the position. She asked that the Court consider her new services on a temporary basis, and if there was no longer a need for her after September, she would continue with the other Counties that have shown interest in keeping her long term. County Court motioned to enter into Executive Session in Accordance with ORS 192.660 (2) (b) Complaints, or in the alternative, 2 (i) Personnel. Entered Executive Session at 10:38 a.m.; discussion held on complaints/personnel.; Exited Executive Session at 10:58 a.m.; reconvened County Court at10:59 a.m. Brief discussion held on what the LPSCC Coordinator does in other Counties that isn’t done Sherman County. Amber DeGrange, Prevention/LPSCC Chair, and Wade McLeod, Assessor/LPSCC Member, were asked to speak with the Court regarding the LPSCC Coordinator position, and its elimination of services from Sherman County. DeGrange stated Rose’s services were to cease in Sherman County due to an incident that occurred. DeGrange reached out to LPSCC members asking if any member had a need for Rose’s services any longer; the response from the group was either no, or neutral but understanding. This information was passed onto AOC who made the final decision. DeGrange reiterated she did not actively seek out members to have Rose’s position taken away, she took action as a Chair to gather information based on an incident that required action and accountability to be passed onto AOC; AOC took action based off the group recommendation.

Amy Asher, Prevention/Outreach, spoke with the Court on the potential move of the Oregon Youth Conservation Corps (OYCC) tool shed. The shed is in poor condition and needs to be replaced, as well as it was suggested to Asher to relocate the shed due to some expansion at the current location. Brief discussion held on a new possible spot at the fairgrounds, however, it is uncertain if the area is County property or if it belonged to the fairgrounds. There is $30,000 in her budget that needed to be used by the end of the fiscal year; replacing the shed could use a small portion of those funds for a 10×12 building. She would like something with a floor to be less open and more secure from the environment. County Court motioned to authorize Amy Asher to build an Oregon Youth Conservation Corps (OYCC) storage shed, and to work with Judge Dabulskis to find a location. The Alcohol and Drug Prevention Education grant funds used to be housed under Mental Health, and the funds cycled through Mid-Columbia Center for Living, and then passed onto the County. When the funds moved over to Chronic Diseases, it went to a reimbursement basis to the State before money would be passed to Center for Living, which caused challenges as there has been shortages in payments. Asher requested to move the contract from Center for Living to Sherman County to avoid further challenges. If the letter of support was not submitted to Oregon Health Authority for this change, they will have to contract with Center for Living for the next two years. County Court motioned to approve the letter to the Oregon Health Authority (OHA) notifying them to move the Prevention Education Grant from Center for Living to Sherman County, and authorize the County Court to sign.

Actions taken by the Court included:

  • appointed Gary Thompson to the North Central Public Health District Budget Committee as an Alternate.
  • approved the Sherman County Investment Policy (revised October 2016) as presented, and authorized County Court to sign.
  • approved the Regional Infrastructure Fund Grant Agreement for the Sherman Cities Broadband Initiative, between Sherman County and the State of Oregon, acting by and through Oregon Business Development Department, in the amount of $200,000, and authorized County Court and Debbie Hayden, Financial Officer, to sign.
  • to approved Resolution No. 01-04-2019, In the Matter of the County Court Approving the Regional Infrastructure Fund Grant Agreement for the Sherman Cities Broadband Initiative to provide reliable, robust, and affordable broadband service as critical infrastructure for community and economic development as well as access to education, workforce training, health care, public safety, and other services in rural communities, and authorized County Court to sign.
  • approved the Sherman Cities Broadband Payments to GorgeNet in the amount of $41,714.40 for the City of Grass Valley, and $39,169.20 for the City of Wasco, for Fiber to the Home installation services.
  • approved retired Gilliam County Judge Steven Shaffer, to serve as Sherman County Pro Tem Judge on May 18, 2019 and August 24, 2019 for the purpose of performing marriage ceremonies, and authorized Judge Dabulskis to sign.
  • approved the Oregon Audits Division 2018 Plan of Action as proposed, and authorized County Court to sign.
  • declared the 2000 Ford E450 Bus as surplus as recommended by the County with a minimum bid of $2,000 and the 2008 Jeep Patriot as surplus as recommended by the Assessor’s Office with a minimum bid of $2,000.
  • County Court Data/Cell Phone Stipend Request – Discussed – No action taken at this time.
  • approved the Revenue/Expenditure Summary for the month of March 2019, as presented.
  • approved the Treasurer’s Report for the month of March 2019, as presented.

Topics of discussion were Written Quarterly Reports, and Commissioner Reports.


4. Sherman County Court News of May 1st

ShermanCoLogoMay 1, 2019

By Kayla von Borstel 541-565-3416

Housing Analysis and Hearing Appeal Process were the main items on the agenda during the May 1st session of Sherman County Court in Moro.

Dan Meader, Consultant, spoke with the Court on the Grass Valley Housing Needs Analysis, and about the next project in line. The analysis for Grass Valley went well, and he is already seeing some action as a result; there are two to three inquiries on additional housing. County Court had indicated they would like an analysis completed on the remaining three Cities. Meader suggested completing the Cities individually as opposed to a lumped project. He explained he was over his $2,000 budget for Grass Valley as graphics, meetings and general cost raised the overall price. City of Wasco would be the next proposed project, and is much larger than the rest, therefore the cost would be higher. This would be a beneficial update as the last analysis was completed in 2007. In these analysis’ he compares populations with current zoning, and lists out what could be done if zoning was changed away from Residential Ag. Residential Ag allows for residential or agriculture implementation as defined. Currently there are approximately 135 acres of Residential Ag; if this was divided into 5 acre parcels it would total 27. Meader explained Grass Valley would need more than 27 houses. The County cannot justify an urban growth boundary amendment until the population projections outnumber the land available, which it does not. His proposal to complete the City if Wasco Housing Needs Analysis would be no more than $7,500. Brief discussion was held on getting streets named properly on mapping. County Court motioned to hire Meader Meader to complete a Housing Analysis on the City of Wasco for no more than $7,500.

Dan Meader, who was assisting the Planning Department/Commission, with the Mass Gathering Appeal, went over the standard procedures from the Planning Commission and of the Hearing Appeal Process with the Court. First the Judge would open the hearing, explain the rules, and qualify the decision makers (County Court). Next would be the staff report from Meader and/or Georgia Macnab, Planning Commission, followed by the right to speak by the Applicants/Proponents, ending with the Opponents (Planning Commission) who would speak explaining why the request for the festival was denied. The Court was reminded to weigh evidence submitted during the Hearing, but could use own prior knowledge of the situation as well, as this would be a Quasi – Judicial Hearing. Meader explained the Judge does most of the talking, and the Judge will state his name, title, that it was an Appeal Hearing, and continue to read the rest of the first paragraph. Meader also stated the second paragraph, and the paragraph that states “failure to provide testimony,” are very important to read aloud, and should not be skipped. After this the decision makers must disclose if they had a conflict of interest, had any relatives who would make money from the situation, if they had a vested interest in voting yes or no, or if there had been any ex-parte contact. County Court was also reminded they did not have to make a decision during the Hearing; deliberation could be continued at a later date, however, the Court must state a date and time of the deliberation and decision making as it all must be on record. If someone involved in the Hearing left the room, the Court cannot make a final decision. Georgia will provide the Court with the Staff Report, and all of the submitted plans to the Court prior to the Hearing.

Recessed Court Session: 10:02 a.m.

Reconvened Court Session: 10:07 a.m.

Actions taken by the Court included:

  • approved the Sherman County Broadband Fiber Project RS1607, Amendment 1, between Sherman County and Oregon Business Development Department, to extend the timeframe of the Sherman County Broadband Fiber project from April 30, 2019 to December 31, 2019, and authorized Judge Dabulskis to sign.
  • approved a minimum bid of $3,500 for the previously surplused Drivers Education 2008 Chrysler PT Cruiser, and a minimum bid of $10,000 for the previously surplused Sheriff’s Department 2014 Dodge Charger.
  • approved Oregon Department of Transportation Grant Agreement No. 32211, Amendment Number 2, between the State of Oregon and Sherman County, to extend the Grant Agreement period and grant balance through December 31, 2019.
  • approved minutes of April 3, 2019, as corrected.
  • approved minutes of April 4, 2019 Work Session, as presented.
  • approved minutes of April 19, 2019 Work Session, as presented.
  • approved minutes of April 24, 2019 Special Session, as presented.
  • approved the Claims for the month of April 2019, as presented.

Topics of discussion were Ambulance on County Property, Written Quarterly Report, 2019-2021 STIF Application, RV Park Policies, Finnegan Road Bridge Replacement, and Commissioner Reports.