Sherman County eNews #283


  1. 4-H Enrollment Open House on Monday, Oct. 29

  2. Patricia “Pat” Coats Jacobsen 1948-2018

  3. Oregon Capital Insider Index: This week in Salem, by the numbers

  4. Columbia River Sanctuary Patrols Lead to Multiple Citations & Arrests

“Success is the sum of details.” ~Harvey Firestone

1. 4-H Enrollment Open House on Monday, Oct. 29

4-H clover1Families with children aged 9 to 19 (as of September 1, 2018) are invited to a 4-H Enrollment Open House to be held Monday, October 29 6pm at the Sherman County Fairgrounds.  Come learn about 4-H, which is a youth development program to help kids learn lifelong skills and thrive in their futures.  4-H is an educational outreach administered by Oregon State University Extension Service.  Families will be able to meet club leaders, learn about the activities done by different clubs, get help with enrollment forms, and enjoy a light dinner.  Cost for 4-H is $30 per child, with discounts for larger families.  Questions, contact the OSU Sherman County Extension Office at 541-565-3230. 

~Cindy Brown, Educator, 4-H Youth Development & Healthy Living

OSU Sherman County Extension, 66365 Lonerock Rd., Moro OR 97039


2. Patricia “Pat” Coats Jacobsen 1948-2018

“Draw me nearer unto the river that is life indeed…” ~BAHA’U’LLAH~

flower.rose.starPatricia (Pat) Coats Jacobsen passed into the next world on Wednesday, October 23rd at OHSU in Portland. She was born August 5th, 1948 at The Dalles Hospital to Chet and Reatha Coats. She joined siblings Tom and Mary, and later welcomed siblings Don and Margie. Born to a farming family, she always enjoyed having her birthday during the middle of wheat harvest. She said she always felt like the end of harvest dinner was a party for her. She went to Wasco Grade School and graduated from Sherman County High School in 1966. She studied art at University of Oregon and then Western Oregon. She was drawn home to Sherman County to marry her sweetheart Erling Jacobsen. They were wed September 18, 1970 and enjoyed 48 years of marriage. Shortly after marriage she was introduced to The Bahai Faith and it became an essential part of her being and the focus of how she chose to live her life.

Pat welcomed a son Sol in 1973 and a daughter Sarah in 1975. She was a devoted, loving, patient, involved mother who always put her kids at the forefront. With a loving village of people in her local and spiritual community, Pat and Erling raised the kids and developed lifelong friendships that continue to this day. Pat’s friends were an integral part of her life. She made sure she spent quality time with them through experiences such as concerts, traveling, art parties and Bahai events. She contributed in many ways to the family finances, doing the rural mail route around Wasco for many years, baking cakes, driving school bus, and later teaching herself how to design and make vinyl signs. Her work can still be found in many places around Sherman County.

One of Pat’s life focuses was interacting with and educating children. She taught children art, spiritual education classes, spent one on one time with her nieces and nephews and welcomed two foster children into the family. Asked to describe Pat, most people would say that she was first and foremost an artist. She was prolific in creating all kinds of artwork, painting, sewing and photography. She loved sharing art with others, hosting art groups at her house and doing projects with her grandchildren. Pat was a naturally curious adventurer and everyone that knew her felt known and loved by her.

Pat was proceeded in death by her father Chet Coats and her mother Reatha Coats. Pat is survived by her husband of 48 years, Erling Jacobsen, her children Sol (Tami) Jacobsen and Sarah (Keith) Jacobsen Carrato, and her grandchildren Knox and Ella Carrato, Jeremy Whitney and Ashley (Dave) Seifert, her great grandchild Ace Seifert and her siblings Tom (Karen) Coats, Mary (Bo) Coats Macnab, Don (Brenda) Coats, and Margie (Eric) Stovall.

There will be a celebration of life for Pat at the Wasco Community Center (former Wasco Grade School) on Saturday, Oct 27th at 11 am. All are welcome, please dress casual as that is what Pat would have liked.

In lieu of flowers, please send donations to: Sherman County Scholarship Association, c/o Sherman County School District, 65912 High School Loop, Moro, OR 97039. We will be creating an Art Scholarship in Pat’s name for graduating students with a particular passion for art.

3. Oregon Capital Insider Index: This week in Salem, by the numbers

Oregon.Flat.poleHere are 10 numbers that illustrate some of this week’s big, and small, Oregon political stories.

180: Degree switch by Gov. Kate Brown’s administration after a public outcry over her education department’s plan to quietly delay the release of school rankings until after the election. Brown is up for reelection against Republican Knute Buehler.

1: Sassy headlines in The Oregonian about the incident. The newspaper compiled a searchable database of school rankings in half a day after state claimed that work would take weeks.

$784 million: Amount in new cigarette and alcohol taxes the state’s health department is proposing for the next two-year budget.

33: Inches of rain in the coastal town of Florence so far this year, according to Pacific Standard Magazine.

69: Typical annual rainfall, in inches, in Florence. About one-third of Oregon experienced extreme drought this summer.

78: Approximate number of text messages reportedly missing from former OHA Director Lynne Saxton’s government phone, according to The Portland Tribune. A health care nonprofit suing the state wants a federal judge to sanction the state over the missing messages, which may have been deleted in violation of state law. Saxton resigned in the wake of a publicity scandal last summer.

8.7: Percent of Oregon voters who turned out for the midterm elections by Thursday, according to the Secretary of State’s office.

1: Oregon’s rank among states for access to voting, according to a new study cited by the Washington Post.

17: States, not including Oregon, that have a same-day voter registration policy. The District of Columbia has one as well.

7: New murals in small-town Oregon, as part of a new campaign by the state’s travel agency, according to OPB.

4. Columbia River Sanctuary Patrols Lead to Multiple Citations & Arrests

As a result of numerous complaints of illegal gillnetting on the Columbia River at the Deschutes River Sanctuary, Oregon State Police in conjunction with Columbia River Inter Tribal Fisheries Enforcement (CRITFE) and Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife Police conducted nighttime boat patrols to address the illegal gillnetting complaints. The operations were conducted on September 12, 13, 19 & 20, 2018.

As a result of the saturation patrols at least one commercial fishing boat was contacted inside the sanctuary on every night of the four-day saturation.  During the four-day enforcement patrols, numerous contacts were made with the majority of the commercial fisherman being legal and happy to see enforcement.

18-commercial boats were contacted

46-commercial fisherman contacted

3-Commercial boats were located actively gillnetting within the Deschutes River sanctuary

1-Commercial boat was located actively gillnetting within the John Day Dam sanctuary.

5-criminal citations for Fishing Closed Waters; Columbia River Mouth of Deschutes River Sanctuary

2-criminal citations for Fishing Closed Waters; Columbia River Lower John Day Dam Sanctuary

2-warrant arrests, with one of the warrants for; Fail to appear on a Commercial Fishing violation from last year

1-arrest for False Information to police officer

1-arrest for Commercial Fishing without tribal/treaty rights.

5-citations for operating vessels without required navigational lights

8-warnings for No Tribal Identification on Person while exercising commercial fishing treaty rights

2-Illegal gillnets were seized as evidence

Oregon State Police also assisted with safely towing a commercial fishing boat back to the dock after it became disabled.

This was a great effort put forth by the three agencies to help address ongoing issues on the Columbia River. Fish and Wildlife preservation is crucial to the sustainment and healthy population management efforts to the entire Pacific Northwest. The Oregon State Police, Columbia River Inter Tribal Fisheries Enforcement and Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Police encourage anyone witnessing or with knowledge of fish and wildlife violations to report it.

Oregon State Police Tip Line: 1-800-452-7888 or *OSP(*677)

Columbia River Intertribal Fisheries Enforcement: 1-541-386-6363

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife Police: 1-877-933-9847.


Sherman County eNews #282






Patricia “Pat” Coats Jacobsen 1948-2018

 Draw me nearer unto the river that is life indeed. ~BAHA’U”LLAH~

We are blessed by and grateful for Pat’s inspirational and steady contributions to Spiritual Matters. 

2. CLASSIFIEDS (new or corrected)


CLASSIFIED ADS. Free classified ads are published on Fridays. The deadline is Wednesday at 5. Please submit ads by using the Submit News page. Include who, what, where, when, & how, contact information and the final Friday date for posting your ad (shown by the date at the end of the ad, for example, 3/17), and under 50 words if possible. This service is limited to Sherman County. Links are welcome.  Please share your Thank You and Congratulatory Notes and Joyful News (anniversaries, achievements, awards, births, birthdays, graduations, weddings, etc.) here. No posters or flyers. 

NEWS RELEASES. Please submit event and information news, meeting notices and calendar dates by using the Submit News page. Include who, what, where, when, how & why with contact or source information. As appropriate, follow up with news of event results. Links are welcome. No posters or flyers. Keep it relevant, no longer than 350 words. 

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR.  We encourage letters to the Editor that focus on ideas and opinions about public issues and events rather than personalities or private matters. We reserve the right to change policies at any time and to reject or edit any Letter to the Editor.

  • Keep it short, no longer than 350 words.
  • Keep it simple with one or two clear points. No attachments.
  • Keep it fresh with no more than one letter per writer per month.
  • Keep it civilized, in good taste and free from libel.
  • Keep it relevant; focus on a local event, previous letter or issues of general concern – not personalities.
  • Letters must be signed, name and town. Anonymous letters will not be posted.
  • Please submit Letters to the Editor by using the Submit News page.


THANK YOU! The smoke has finally cleared and we have almost an inch of rain on the ground, I feel it is a good time to put this out. Last week’s fire in Biggs was a headache for us all. The terrain, changing winds, and extremely dry fuels made what is normally a quiet fire month feel like mid-July. On behalf of North Sherman Fire & Rescue, I want to thank first all of the farmers who showed up with their fire rigs and discs. The discs made all the difference in getting this thing stopped. Also, Charlie Miller and his dozer for the line that ultimately stopped westward progress of the fire. I think I can speak for all of our departments when I say, we could not have got a handle on it without all of you. Next, our mutual aid responses from Mid-Columbia Fire & Rescue, North Gilliam Rural Fire Protection District, Klickitat County Rural 7 Fire & Rescue, Goldendale Fire Department, Wishram Fire Dept.., South Gilliam County Rural Fire Protection District, Skamania County Emergency Management Task Force, and Stevenson Fire Department. Whether you were here the first day, second day, or all three days you were amazing. The help all of you provided is much appreciated and we will always be willing to return the favor. Last but certainly not least, I want to thank Moro Fire Department, South Sherman Fire & Rescue, and Sherman County Sheriff’s Office for being here and helping keep chaos as controlled as possible. I am thankful for the swift help all of you always bring when calls come out. I know you can be depended upon when there is a need. With that being said, let us hope the rain continues and we have a nice quiet fall and winter. If I missed anyone, I apologize, but know that we would not have been as successful without any of you. Thank you all again.
~John Jensen, Asst. Chief, North Sherman County Fire & Rescue

Appreciation can make a day – even change a life.

Your willingness to put it into words

is all that is necessary.

~ Margaret Cousins 


babyfootprintCharley and Cindy Brown of Moro are happy to announce the birth of their first grandchild, Eva Richey Brown, on October 5. Parents are Justin Brown and Amanda Richey of Sunnyvale CA. Local great-grandparents are Lee and Karen Kaseberg of Wasco and Charles and Norma Brown of Rufus.




Brennah Miller is a young wife and mother, an electrician and a cancer patient.



“Volunteering is the ultimate exercise in democracy. You vote in elections once a year, but when you volunteer, you vote every day about the kind of community you want to live in.” — Unknown


FAMILY CARE COORDINATOR (QMHA). Mid-Columbia Center for Living: Family Care Coordinator (QMHA) – Sherman County; $2,285-$2,778 per month (.6 FTE of full-time salary range); Part-time (.6 FTE) with prorated benefits. Provides service planning and needs assessments to children and their families. For full announcement and required application visit EOE/ADA Employer.

AREA REPRESENTATIVE. Non-Profit Organization Looking for Community Area Representatives to Join our International Team. ASSE International Student Exchange Programs is seeking individuals to serve as Area Representatives in your local community.  ASSE provides academic year and semester exchange programs in the United States for high school students from around the world.  Students are 15 to 18 years of age, have passed a series of academic and character requirements and are awaiting an opportunity to embark on their American Adventure. — Area Representatives recruit and screen prospective host families, interview students to study abroad and supervise the exchange students in their community.  Area representatives are compensated based on the number of students they are supervising. There is also a great bonus opportunity. — ASSE’s primary goal is to contribute to International understanding by enabling students to learn about other languages and cultures through active participation in family, school and community life. ASSE’s Area Representatives are the cornerstone of the organization, making all of this possible! For more information about ASSE or becoming an Area Representative, please call our Western Regional Office at 1-800-733-2773 or email us at Please check out our website at  We look forward to welcoming you to the ranks of Area Representatives nationwide – striving towards a world of understanding, one child at a time! 11/30


HANDCRAFTED FURNITURE & GIFTS. Considerately Handcrafted one-of-a-kind indoor and outdoor furniture and gifts created from re-purposed wine & whiskey barrels, old barn wood and other local reclaimed materials. Special orders available.  Furniture repair and refinishing. ~The Wood Butcher | Wasco, Oregon | 541-993-4282 | 10/26

PIANO. Baldwin Spinet Piano – Maple colored – $300 OBO negotiable, would like it to find a home where it will be used. Thanks Very Good shape, I just want space for exercise equipment. Call or text Jeanne Kuettel @ 541-714-5740.  11/30


ROOMS FOR RENT | JUST-US-INN in Wasco. Just-Us-Inn | Call Ron 503-957-6114.  3 Rooms for rent, share the bathroom and shower $550.00 a month. These are Monthly rates, not weekly rates! Weekly rate is $150.00. Share large kitchen, with Direct TV in every room. $50.00 non-refundable maid fee for when you leave; wireless internet, beautiful yard with garden space. No Pets. No smoking inside. 11/9 



FALL PHOTO SHOOTS. Now is the time for fall photo shoots! The leaves are turning colors and the air is getting cooler. It’s a great time to schedule a family or senior photo session. Lots of openings available. Ask for discounts by bundling a family and a senior session or two senior sessions. ~Jeremy S. Lanthorn | | (541) 993-2446 | (541) 333-2013 | 10/26


LOCAL HANDYMAN, GENERAL CONTRACTOR & EQUIPMENT OPERATOR. Large and small projects, indoors or out. Furniture repair & refinishing. Please call Kevin – 541-993-4282 | KCK, Inc. | Licensed, bonded and insured. CCB #135768. References available. 11/23




1957 SHERMAN HIGH SCHOOL YEARBOOK. I am Rose Archer, Dale Archer’s widow. I am looking to purchase a copy of the 1957 yearbook. Dale was Valedictorian that year. Our son Derek is planning to make a large shadowbox with Dale’s football jersey, class ring, and yearbook for a memory wall for Dale who passed away in 1999.  If you know of anyone who wants to part with the 1957 yearbook, please let me know the price. Thanks so much! Rose Archer 11/9 

3. CALENDAR (new or corrected)



25-26 Energy Facility Siting Council Meeting, Boardman

26 Trunk or Treat Set-Up 5:40, Trunk or Treat 6-7:30 Sherman County School

27 Celebration of Life for Pat Jacobsen 11 Wasco School Events Center

27 National Prescription Drug Take Back Day

27 Mid Columbia Producers Annual Meeting

27 Tango at Maryhill Museum 6-9

29 4-H Enrollment/Light Dinner/Open House 6 Sherman County Fairgrounds

29 Career opportunities in Sherman County 6:30 Wasco School Events Center

31 Sherman County Historical Museum closes for the season. Open by appointment.

31 Halloween 


1 Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Board Meeting 10 NORCOR, The Dalles

1 Sherman County Fair Board 7

1 North Central Education Service District Board Meeting, Condon

1-31 Military Family Appreciation Month

1-May 1 Sherman Museum Open by Appointment

2 Columbia Gorge Economic Symposium 8:30-1 The Dalles

3 Northwest Author Festival 3-5 at Klindt’s Booksellers, The Dalles

4 Day Light Saving Time Ends (set clock back one hour)


7 Sherman Historical Museum Volunteer & Hosts Appreciation Party

7 All County Prayer Meeting, Kent Baptist Church Refreshments and social time at 6:30, prayer time from 7:00 to 8:30.

9 Community Renewable Energy Association (CREA) Board Meeting 10-1

10 Columbia Gorge Genealogical Society Cultural Brunch 10:30 Discovery Center

10 Wasco County Historical Society Annual Meeting 11:30 Dufur

10 Western Antique Aeroplane and Automobile Museum 9 Military Vehicles

10 Year-End Family Day at Maryhill Museum 1:30-5

11 Veterans Day Bells at Maryhill Museum 11

11 Veterans Day

12 Veterans Day (observed)

12 Oregon Women for Ag Meeting 5-7 Clock Tower Ales, The Dalles

13 Tri-County Mental Health Board Meeting 11-2 The Dalles

13 North Central Public Health District Board Meeting 3 The Dalles

13-15 Association of Oregon Counties Conference

14-17 Tri-State Grain Growers Convention, Portland, Oregon

16 Thanksgiving Lunch at the Sherman Senior & Community Center

17 Fall Festival & Artisans’ Market 10-2 Condon

17 7th Annual Max Nogle Dinner/Auction/Dance, Grass Valley Pavilion Benefit

20 Sherman Senior & Community Center Pie Bake Sale for Thanksgiving

21 Sherman County Court 9

22 Thanksgiving Day

26 Sherman County Photography Club 5 Steve Burnet/OSU Extension Bldg., Moro


1 Country Christmas Bazaar 9:30 – 4 Grass Valley Pavilion

1 Sherman County Fair Board’s Holiday Bazaar 10-3:30 Sherman County School

1 Sherman Historical Museum Christmas Open House & Museum Store Sale

1 Fossil’s Holiday Bazaar 9

1 Condon’s Light Festival & Parade 5:30

3 Lower John Day Area Commission on Transportation 10 Rufus

3 Grass Valley City Council 7

4 Moro City Council 7

5 Sherman County Court 9

5 All County Prayer Meeting, Wasco Methodist Church Refreshments and social time at 6:30, prayer time from 7:00 to 8:30.

6 Sherman County Fair Board 7

7 National Pearl Harbor Remembrance Day

8 War Declared on Japan 1941

8 Western Antique Aeroplane and Automobile Museum 9 Flying Around the World

8 Cascade Singers’ December Concert 7 Zion Lutheran Church

9 Cascade Singers’ December Concert 3 Zion Lutheran Church

10 Mid-Columbia Housing Authority Board Meeting 10

11 Tri-County Mental Health Board Meeting 11-2 The Dalles

11 North Central Public Health District Board Meeting 3 The Dalles

12 Sherman County Senior Center Advisory Committee 12:30

12 Rufus City Council 7 City Hall

14 Community Renewable Energy Association (CREA) Board Meeting 10-1

15 Bill of Rights Day; Iraq War Ended 2011

18 Wasco City Council 7 City Hall

19 Sherman County Court 9

20 Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Board Meeting 10 NORCOR, The Dalles

21 Winter Begins

25 Christmas Day

31 Official End of WWII 1946


Sherman County eNews #281


  1. Country Christmas Bazaar in Grass Valley, Dec. 1

  2. Letter to the Editor: Joe Dabulskis for County Judge

  3. The Heart of Great Communication

  4. Columbia Gorge Genealogical Society Annual Cultural Brunch, Nov. 10

  5. Sherman County Senior & Community Center November Meal Menu

  6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

1. Country Christmas Bazaar in Grass Valley, Dec. 1

Country Christmas Bazaar

Grass Valley Pavilion

December 1 9:30 am – 4:00 pm

Lots of great handcrafted items

Pictures w/Santa

Soup & bread lunch

2. Letter to the Editor: Joe Dabulskis for County Judge

pencil.sharpI am in support of Joe Dabulskis for Sherman County Judge.  When I think of the traits that are important as a County Judge they all explain quality traits that I believe Joe to have.

Joe is very dedicated to do what is right for Sherman County as a whole.  He is ethical and puts in an impeccable effort to do his best.  Joe works side by side with residents in Sherman County to get the task complete.

Vote Joe Dabulskis! He is the right man for the job.

Bryce Coelsch


3. The Heart of Great Communication

Today, let’s focus some attention on one of the secrets of being a good communicator, because good communication sits at the foundation of every successful family, organization and nation.

If you take a look through the leadership programs available, you will see at least one common denominator, and that is typically “communication.” Very often, leadership style, or a lack of leadership style, revolves around the ability to communicate effectively.

How can we be more effective communicators? A really complete answer would require more time than we have space for in this post, but there is one thing anyone can do to make a quantum leap in the ability to communicate, and that is to become a better listener. Communication is less about hearing one’s own voice, and more about what is behind what the other person is saying.

Good listeners do far more than simply remain silent while someone else is speaking. They listen with their whole body, give signals that convey they are paying close attention, and invite more information with open-ended questions. These open-ended questions, by the way, are those that cannot be answered with “yes” or “no,” and invite the speaker to talk at greater length.

It’s the difference between saying, “Are you OK?” which begs for a quick yes-or-no answer that closes off any further conversation, and saying, “How are you doing now?” which invites much more. Good listeners also read body language and are sensitive to other nonverbal cues. When they get mixed or confusing messages, they aren’t afraid to ask questions to clarify.

More importantly, good listeners give you the feeling that, at least for the moment, there is nothing they’d rather be doing. They raise other people’s self-esteem by being interested and showing it. Even when they say very little, they are usually thought of as superb communicators.

We know how it feels to have someone’s undivided attention, that elevation of spirit and esteem. It’s a great feeling, and one that needs to be shared with others. So, how good of a communicator are you? ~The Pacific Institute

4. Columbia Gorge Genealogical Society Annual Cultural Brunch, Nov. 10

Columbia Gorge Genealogical Society Annual Cultural Brunch

Bring a dish – Share a heritage!

November 10, 2018 – 10:30am

Columbia Gorge Discovery Center

Downstairs Classroom

5. Sherman County Senior & Community Center November Meal Menu

Sherman County Senior & Community Center Meal Menu – November 2018

We serve lunch at 12:00, noon sharp.  First come, first served.

If you have a group of 2 or more, please let the Kitchen staff know at  541-565-3191 the day before to ensure that we make enough food to serve!

MEAL PRICING: Under 60 Yrs. Is $7.00 ~ 60 Yrs. & Up $4.00 suggested donation!

Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday


1 2
Beef Stew Hot Turkey Sandwich
Biscuits Mashed Potatoes & Gravy
Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert
5 6 7 8 9
Fish Soft Tacos Meatloaf Chili Chicken & Noodles
Hash Brown Casserole Refried Beans Mashed Potatoes & Gravy Cornbread Veggies
Salad & Dessert Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert Salad & Fruit Salad & Dessert
12 13 14 15 16 Thanksgiving Lunch
CLOSED Sweet & Sassy Chicken Oven Fried Chicken Baked Potato Bar Roasted Turkey
FOR Rice Pilaf & Veggies Mashed Potatoes & Gravy Chili, Cheese, Onions Mashed Potatoes & Gravy
VETERAN’S DAY Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert Salad & Fruit Rolls, Veggies & Pie
19 20 PIE BAKE SALE!! 21 22 23
Sweet & Sour Meatballs Chicken Fried Rice Chicken Fried Steak CLOSED CLOSED
Rice Pilaf & Veggies Muffins & Veggies Mashed Potatoes & Gravy FOR FOR
Salad & Dessert Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert THANKSGIVING THANKSGIVING
26 27 28 29 30
Cheese-burgers Lasagna Hamburger Gravy over Turkey Tetrazzini Chicken Teriyaki
Potato Wedges Veggies Mashed Potatoes Veggies & Salad Rice Pilaf
Salad & Dessert Salad & Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert Fruit Veggies, Salad & Dessert

MENU SUBJECT TO CHANGE DUE TO AVAILABILITY — ATTENTION:  For those who have food allergies, be aware that a large variety of food is prepared in the kitchen.  Therefore, meals may be prepared with ingredients and food service equipment may come in contact with ingredients to which you may have an allergic reaction, such as nuts.

6. Links: Things to Think About & Things to Do

bird.owl3FACT CHECK: President Trump’s False Claims On Migrant Caravan, Tax Cuts

Young Angry Men & Gangbangers March Towards U.S. Yelling “Vamos Para Allá Trump!”

Opinion. No, civility isn’t optional

Wasco Facility Hosts Job Fair